Question: - Oh Jinda Mahatma! You told and I also saw with my own eyes in Gita Chapter 7 Verse 18 in which the speaker of Gita, Brahm, has described the salvation attained from his worship as Anuttam, that is, inferior/bad. Please explain this also like that. Narrate some story or account.
In Gita Chapter 2 Verse 12, Gita Chapter 4 Verse 5 and 9, Gita Chapter 10 Verse 2, the speaker of Gita (Brahm) has stated that – Oh Arjun! You and I have had several births. You do not know; I know. In Shrimadbhagavat Gita Chapter 15 Verse 4, it is stated that after gaining Tatvgyan (complete spiritual knowledge) from a Tatvdarshi Saint, one should search for that supreme state of the Supreme God, having gone where worshippers do not return to the world. The Supreme God from whom the world-like tree has extended, that is, the Supreme God from whom the entire world has arisen, you may worship that Supreme God only. Then in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 62, the speaker of Gita said that – Oh Arjun! You may go in the refuge of that Supreme God in all respects. Only by the grace of that Supreme God, you will attain supreme peace and the eternal supreme abode. Oh Dharmdas! Until there will be birth and death, one cannot attain supreme peace and neither can the eternal supreme abode be attained. In reality, supreme salvation is that in which birth and death end forever, which can never happen by Brahm worship. Therefore, in Gita Chapter 7 Verse 18, the speaker of Gita has told that those who are learned souls, in my opinion, they are all noble, but they are engrossed in my anuttam (inferior) salvation because they are worshipping me (Brahm). The mantra of Brahm-worship is “Om”. By this, Bram Lok is attained.
In Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16, it is clear that those worshippers who have gone to Brahmlok also return to the world. Therefore, they cannot achieve supreme peace and cannot attain the eternal supreme abode. God cannot be attained by the way of worship mentioned in the Vedas. Some (siddhis) supernatural powers are acquired, by which the sages perform miracles and become famous by causing harm to someone. In the end, by incurring sins, they suffer in the lives of eighty four lakh species of living beings. Therefore, the salvation achieved from the worship of Brahm is said to be (Anuttam) inferior/bad.
Story: The speaker of Gita (Bram) has mentioned in Gita Chapter 7 Verses 16-17 that four types of devotees worship me –
1. Aarth (for removal of miseries),
2. Artharti (for gaining wealth),
3. Jigyasu (who gather knowledge and become orators) and
4. Gyani (who does bhakti only to attain salvation).
Abandoning three out of these, the speaker of Gita has described the fourth Gyani as his firm devotee.
Specialty of Gyani: - A Gyani is one who has realised that a human life is only attained for getting salvation. He/she also knows that for complete salvation, one should only worship One God. Complete salvation is not achieved by the worship of other gods (Rajgun Brahma, Satgun Vishnu and Tamgun Shiv).
Because of not finding the Tatvdarshi saint mentioned in Gita Chapter 4 Verse 34 and Yajurved Chapter 40 Mantra 10, those Gyani (learned souls) themselves concluded from the Vedas that “Brahm” is the almighty God; ‘Om’ is the mantra of his worship. One goes to Brahmlok by doing this worship. This itself is salvation.
Gyani (learned) souls practised (hathyog) penance for attaining God. Sitting in one place, they performed intense meditation and chanted ‘Om’ mantra. Whereas, those who practice Hath, intense penance, have been described as foolish, ostentatious and demons in Vedas and Gita. (Gita Chapter 3 Verses 4 to 9, Gita Chapter 16 Verses 17 to 20 and Gita Chapter 17 Verses 1 to 6.) From where did they get the inspiration to do Hathyog? In Shri Devipuran (published from Gita Press Gorakhpur, Sachitra Mota Type), Third Skand, it is written that Brahma told his son Narad that – “When I was born, I was sitting on a lotus flower. An ether voice occurred that – ‘Do meditation, do meditation.’ I meditated for one thousand years.”
Brahma had found the Vedas later on during the churning of the ocean. When he read them, he found mantra “Om” in Yajurved Chapter 40 Mantra 15. Brahma himself started chanting it along with the hathyog (intense meditation) heard from the ether voice, and told it to his children (sages). (Those who by practising Hath perform intense meditation have been called demons, cruel and vile in the four Vedas and their summary Shrimad Bhagavad Gita. The evidence is given in Gita Chapter 16 Verses 17 to 20 and Chapter 17 Verses 1 to 6.) The learned sages also started performing the same religious practice. Out of those learned souls, I will narrate the story of a Sage Chunak by which you will get an accurate answer to your question.
There was a sage named Chunak. He performed intense meditation for thousands of years and chanted ‘Om’ mantra. This is worship of Brahm. Brahm has pledged that – “I cannot be seen by any religious practice, be it (Jap) chanting mantra, (Tap) meditation, or the (Yagyas) religious rituals mentioned in the Vedas, that is, I will not appear before anyone.” In Gita Chapter 11 Verse 48, he has stated that – ‘Oh Arjun! My form that you have seen, that is, the Kaal form that you saw, this is my own form. Neither can it be seen by the way of worship mentioned in the Vedas, nor by (jap) chanting any mantra, nor by performing (tap) meditation, nor by (yagyas) religious rituals, nor by any other ritual. The speaker of Gita has clarified in Gita Chapter 7 Verses 24-25 that this is my perpetual rule that I never appear before anyone; I remain hidden by my Yogmaya. These foolish people are considering me to be in human form, that is, in Krishna form. The speaker of the knowledge of Gita was saying this pointing at the army standing in front. The purport of the statement was that – I never appear before anyone. Now I have shown you my form by showing favour to you.
Meaning: – Brahm cannot be attained by the method mentioned in the Vedas and the other prevalent practices. Therefore, that Sage Chunak did not attain God, but attained siddhis (spiritual power). The sages considered it to be the final accomplishment of bhakti. One who used to have more siddhis, used to be considered greater than the other sages. Sage Chunak had achieved the same.
There was a Mandhata Chakrvarti King (who had rule over the entire earth, such a powerful king). He had 72 crore army. The king said to the kings under him that whoever does not accept subjection to me can fight with me. A placard was tied around the neck of a horse saying that whichever king does not accept the subjection to King Mandhata may capture this horse and get ready for a battle. No king on earth held the horse. There were also some soldiers with the horse. On the way back, Sage Chunak asked that – “Where had you gone, soldiers?” They replied that – “We have roamed around the whole earth, nobody captured the horse. Nobody accepted a battle with the king.” The sage said, “I have accepted this battle.” The soldiers said, “Oh pauper! You do not even have grains to eat and you will fight with King Mandhata?” Sage Chunak captured the horse and tied to a tree. When Mandhata King learnt about it, preparations of a battle were done. The King formed four squads of 72 crore army. He sent a squad of 18 crore army to attack the Sage. On the other hand, the sage formed four missiles by his siddhi (spiritual power). He released one missle which destroyed the 18 crore army of the King. The King sent the second squad. The sage released the second missile which destroyed the second squad of 18 crore army. In this way, Sage Chunak destroyed the 72 crore army of Mandhata King with four missiles. As a result of which, Great Sage Chunak became famous on the entire earth. He became known as the greatest sage due to this disaster.
The army that Sage Chunak killed, the sins of that got deposited in the (Sanchit Karm) accumulated deeds of the Sage. The one word ‘Om’ which Sage Chunak chanted, in return of that he would go to Brahmlok. Then after spending a luxurious time in Brahmlok, he would take birth on earth. As a result of the Hathyog, penance that he practised, he would become a king on earth. Then after death, he would take birth as a dog. The 72 crore army that he killed would avenge itself. The dog would have wound on its head and the 72 crore army infesting it as worms will take its revenge. That is why, Oh Dharmdas! The speaker of Gita (Brahm) has called the state/salvation obtained from his worship as Anuttam (bad).