Adhyay 3

In Adhyay 3 Shlok 1-2, Arjun asks, “Oh Janardan! If you consider knowledge superior to actions, then why are you misleading me? Please give me a right advice for my welfare. These contradictory statements of yours are misleading me.”

An Exposition of Baseless Way of Worship i.e. Arbitrary Practice

In Adhyay 3 Shlok 3 to 8, God has said that Oh sinless (Arjun)! In this lok, the learned think highly of knowledge and yogi, of karmyog (related to actions); nevertheless, there is no one who can avoid doing actions. So, inaction is not possible and just by giving up actions also, one can not achieve the goal (siddhi-supernatural power/ spiritual success). Because, the three gunas (Rajgun-Brahma, Satgun-Vishnu, Tamgun-Shiv) born of Maya (Prakriti), out of their nature, forcefully make the living beings perform actions. Those foolish devotees (sadhak) who forcefully control their senses of actions and sit in meditation, their mind continues to be overwhelmed by the influence of the senses of knowledge. Because of pretensions, those people appear to be in meditation. They are frauds i.e. by abandoning actions, one can not do bhakti. One should keep performing desirable actions and by knowledge, keep one’s mind and senses engrossed in good deeds. The actions which are performed in accordance with the scriptures are best and if you will not perform worldly actions, then how will you earn bread (sustain family)? In Adhyay 3 Shlok 9, it is said that the religious acts (yagya), which are performed in accordance with the scriptures and without any desire, are beneficial.

Important: - In the above-mentioned Gita Adhyay 3 Shlok 6 to 9, it has been forbidden to sit in special posture in a secluded place, close eyes- ears etc, andforcefully meditate and to worship according to the way of worship mentioned in holy scriptures, has been described as meritorious. In every sadgranth (true scripture), the way of worship by doing naam jaap and yagya etc along with the performance of worldy acts, has been described.

Evidence: - It is said in holy Gita Adhyay 8 Shlok 13 that ‘Om’ is the only syllable to remember me, Brahm, by way of repeating. One who chants this unto the last breath besides performing actions, he attains my supreme salvation.

Then in Adhyay 8 Shlok 7, it is said, “Remember me all the time and also fight. Thus, by following my orders i.e. by doing bhakti besides performing worldly acts, you will achieve me.” Although, he has described his supreme salvation as worst i.e. utterly useless in Gita Adhyay 7 Shlok 18, still this only is the way of worship. Then it has been explained in Adhyay 8 Shlok 8-10 that even if you worship that God i.e. Purna Brahm, whose description has been given in Gita Adhyay 18 Shlok 62 and Adhyay 15 Shlok 1-4, His rule is also same that the devotee, who worships the Supreme God by chanting naam after taking updesh from the Tattavdarshi saint besides performing worldly acts, after dying goes to that divine Supreme Purush i.e. Supreme God. The indication of a Tattavdarshi saint is given in Gita Adhyay 4 Shlok 34. This evidence is also given in Holy Yajurveda, Adhyay 40 Mantra 10 and 13. The meaning of Adhyay 40 Mantra 10 of Yajurveda:-

The narrator of Holy Vedas, Brahm, is saying that on the about Purna Parmatma (Supreme God), someone says that He takes birth as an incarnation i.e. is said to be in form; others describe Him as formless i.e. who never comes in form as an incarnation.The true knowledge of that Supreme God can only be given by Dheeranam i.e. a Tattavdarshi saint, that, in reality what kind of body does Purna Parmatma has? How does He appear? Listen to the complete information about the Supreme God from that Dheeranam i.e. Tattavdarshi saint. I, the giver of the knowledge of Vedas, Brahm, also do not know. Nevertheless, describing his way of worship in Adhyay 40 Mantra 15, says that do my sadhna (devotion) by chanting ‘Om’ naam while performing actions; do sumiran with full faith and by considering it as the prime duty of human-life. Thus, after death i.e. after leaving the body, you will attain my immortality i.e. supreme salvation. Like, the subtle body acquires some power and becomes immortal for some time. As a result of which, one goes to heaven and then attains birth and death.

The Benefit of Yagyas- Only Worldly Comforts, Not Salvation/Liberation

It is said in Adhyay 3 Shlok 10 that Prajapati (Lord of all beings) had said in the beginning of kalp (at the time of creation) that all beings should perform yagya (sacrificial ceremony). By this, you will attain worldly pleasures, but not salvation. This is a living example that one does not attain anything other than worldly pleasures and heaven, from yagyas. {Yagya is also necessary but after taking naam from a complete saint, remaining within the boundaries set by a guru, one who does jaap of naam (yog of practice) with undivided attention unto the last breath, that devotee, in the end, goes to the lok of his revered diety and that God (Purna Parmatma, the Supreme God) situated in the yagyas only gives the desired fruits of yagyas. For evidence, see Gita Ji Adhyay 3 Shlok 14-15. it is mentioned in Adhyay 3 Shlok 11 that may the gods after being fostered by the yagya, foster you i.e. they will make you wealthy. Thus, you should support each other.

Adhyay 3 Shlok 10

SahyagyaH, prjaH, srshtva, pura, uvaach, prjapatiH,
Anen, prsvishyadhvm, eshH, vaH, astu, ishtkamdhuk ll10ll

Translation: (PrjapatiH) Prjapati, the Lord of all beings (pura) in the beginning of creation (sahyagyaH) along with yagya (prjaH) all beings (srshtva) creating (uvaach) said that (anen) the religious act performed with food grain, which is known as Dharmyagya, in which a common meal is provided etc, by this yagya (prsvishyadhvam) attain prosperity and (vaH) to you (eshH) this Purna Parmatma/ Supreme God (ishtkamdhuk) the God situated in yagya, only, giver of desired pleasures (astu) be.

Translation: Prjapati, the lord of all beings, in the beginning of creation, after creating all beings along with yagya, said to them that you may prosper from the yagya (religious acts) performed with food grain which is known as Dharmyagya, in which a common meal is provided etc, and may this Supreme God only, situated in yagya, be the giver of desired pleasures to you.

Adhyay 3 Shlok 11

Devaan, bhavyat, anen, te, devaH, bhavyantu, vaH,
Parasparam, bhavyantH, shreyH, param, avapsyath ll11ll

Translation: (Anen) through this yagya (devaan) gods i.e. branches (bhavyat) prosper and (te) those (devaH) gods i.e. branches (vaH) you people (bhavyantu) may prosper i.e. may provide us the fruits based on sanskaar {impressions of deeds done in the previous birth}. Thus with selflessness (parasparam) each other (bhavyantH) prospering (param) supreme (shreyH) auspiciousness (avapsyath) will attain.

Translation: Through this yagya, prosper the gods i.e. branches and those gods i.e. branches may prosper you people i.e. may provide you fruits based on sanskaar. Thus selflessly prospering each other, you will attain the supreme auspiciousness.

Important: In Gita Adhyay 15 Shlok 1-4, there is description of an upside-down tree of this world. Its root (base) is the Purna Parmatma (Supreme God) and trunk is Parbragm i.e. Akshar Purush and a bigger branch is Kshar Purush (Brahm) and smaller branches are the three gunas, Rajgun-Brahma Ji, Satgun-Vishnu Ji, and Tamgun-Shiv Ji. The tree receives its nourishment from the base (roots) only. Like, if we will plant a seedling of mango, then we will water the roots; from the roots, the nourishment will go to the trunk; from trunk to bigger branch; from the bigger branch to smaller branches and then those smaller branches will bear fruits and those branches will themselves give us fruits. Similarly, by worshipping i.e. watering the Purna Brahm i.e. Param Akshar Brahm-like roots, the sanskar (impressions of nurture) i.e. the nourishment will go to Akshar Purush i.e. ParBrahm-like trunk; then from Akshar Purush, the sanskar i.e. nourishment will go to Kshar Purush i.e. Brahm-like bigger branch. Then from Brahm, the sanskar i.e. the nourishment will go to the three gunas i.e. Rajgun-Brahma Ji, Satgun-Vishnu Ji and Tamgun-Shiv Ji-like three smaller branches. Then all these three gods-like smaller branches will bear fruits i.e. then the three gods, shri Brahma Ji, Sri Vishnu Ji, and Sri Shiv Ji give us the fruitd of our actions based on our sanskar (impressions of deeds done in the past). This is also evident in Gita Adhyay 15 Shlok 16 and 17 that there are two gods in this lok of Earth; one is Kshar Purush i.e. Brahm and the other is Akshar Purush i.e. ParBrahm. Both of these gods and all the living beings in their loks are perishable; however, in reality, the immortal God (Parmeshwar), who enters the three loks and sustains everyone, is different from the above-mentioned two gods. See the picture of the upright sowed plant of bhakti

Those who do not do Dharm (Meritorious Acts), they are Thieves and Sinful Beings

In Adhyay 3 Shlok 12, it is said that gods fostered by yagya provide you with worldly comforts (wealth) on the basis of the fruits of your actions. Those, who do not contribute a part of it in dharm (meritorious acts) i.e. who donot perform yagyas (they have broken the laws), they are sinful and thieves. It is mentioned in Adhyay 3 Shlok 13 that after offering food to the God (Purna Parmatma) situated in yagya, then, provide meal to (bhandara) to everyone. Those devotees will acquire the benefits of yagya. [The meaning of becoming free from all sins is that those who do not perform yagya are said to be sinful and those who perform yagya in accordance with the injunctions of the scriptures, they are saved from all those sins which they would have incurred because of not doing any yagya.] If someone does not perform any yagya, he is said to be a thief. Everyday and during the satsang (spiritual discourse), Prasad food is prepared. First of all, a share of the food should be taken out and offered to the Purna Parmatma. After that, the rest of the food should be distributed. Some of the sins of a person who eats the food, left after being offered to the God i.e. the Prasad, are destroyed. Thus, after obtaining updesh from a complete saint and then by performing all the tasks of bhakti according to his directions, a devotee becomes fully liberated.

Brahm’s (Kaal’s) origin from Purna Parmatma

In Adhyay 3 Shlok 14-15, it is said that living beings arise from food grains. Food grains arise from rain; rain from yagya; yagya arise from auspicious actions and actions arise from Brahm (Kaal) and Brahm (Kaal) originated from the Immortal God. That Omnipresent, Immortal God only is always situated in yagya i.e. He (SatPurush) only provides the benefits of the yagyas. Therefore, it has been proved that the full benefit of yagya is also obtained from the Purna Parmatma only. In both of these shloks, it is clear that Kaal (Brahm) has originated from the Immortal God. That Omnipresent God only, is worshippable through yagyas and He only gives the fruits of one’s actions. The meaning of ‘Sarvgatam Brahm’ is the Omnipresent God. Like, Kaal (Brahm) God is only pervading in the three loks and the twenty-one brahmands. ParBrahm is pervading only in seven sankh brahmands. But the Purna Brahm (SatPurush) is pervading in infinite brahmands (all the brahmands), which include Brahm and ParBrahm’s brahmands and the rest of the brahmands. Therefore, “Purna Brahm” is the Omnipresent God, who is the all-pervading God and the Master of the lineage. Like —

Ish = Kshar Purush = Brahm (pervades in twenty-one brahmands)
Ishwar = akshar purush ParBrahm (pervades in seven sankh brahmands)
Parmeshwar = Param Akshar Purush = Purna Brahm (SatPurush) who pervades in the infinite crore brahmands.

Like, a minister pervades in his department, Chief Minister pervades in his state and the Prime Minister pervades over all the states in the entire country and the President also pervades over the whole country i.e. everybody is powerful but the masters of the lineage (all-powerful) are the Prime Minister and the President. Similarly, Brahm’s (Ish-Kaal) three sons (Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiv) are the departmental ministers. Brahm is the Head (master) of the department, where bodies of all the living beings are formed, but is not the master of all. Likewise, Vishnu is the Head (master) of the department of fostering (Home Minister), but is not the master of all. Similarly, Shiv is the Head of the department of destruction (to kill everyone), but is not the master of all. Likewise, Brahm (Ish-Jyoti Niranjan-Kaal) is the master of only twenty-one brahmands and not of everyone. Likewise, Akshar Purush (Ishwar-ParBrahm) is the master of only seven sankh brahmands and not of all.

Yes, Purna Brahm (Parmeshwar-SatPurush) is the Master of infinite crore brahmands which include the three loks (Heaven-Earth-Netherworld) of Brahma-Vishnu-Shiv, the twenty-one brahmands of Brahm and ParBrahm’s seven sankh brahmands, i.e. the Master of the lineage is the Omnipresent God (Sarvgatam Brahm, SatPurush) only, who gives the fruits of all the sadhnas (worship/religious practices). Like, the roots (base) of a tree only are the nurturer of the whole tree. In this way —

Kabir, Akshar Purush ek ped hai, Niranjan vaaki daar
Teeno deva shakha hain, paat roop sansaar
Ekai saadhe sab sadhae, sab saadhe sab jaaye
Maali seechain mool koon, foolai falai aghaaye

It is written in Adhyay 3 Shlok 16 that one who does not perform yagya is wasting his life. One who does not follow the rules of bhakti {to do bhajan (remember/worship God), yagya, charity, compassion} of this lok, keeps enjoying oneself without any restraints, that sinful soul has come to this world in vain. Garib Das Ji Maharaj says that —

Jin putr nahin yagya kari, pind pradhan puraan
Naahak jag mein avtare, jinse neeka shvaan

[But there is no liberation; rather, it is said to be give and take (trade). Similarly, the meaning of Gita Ji Adhyay 3 Shlok 9-16 is that by performing yagya, one solely gets worldly comforts and not liberation. Besides, it has also been proved that all these comforts also are provided by Purna Brahm SatPurush (basic roots), who Himself is Kabir Sahib (KavirDev)]. Except me (Das), all the translators of Srimadbhagwat Gita Ji have written the meaning of Brahm both as Ved and God. This is an evidence of their limited knowledge; the meaning of Brahm is God and not Ved. Like, there is one king, consider him as Brahm and then there is a constitution made by him, consider it as Ved. If an ignorant person writes the meaning of ‘king’ as ‘constitution’ instead of ‘a ruler’, then it is not right. Therefore, the meaning of Brahm is God. Like, in the department of a Deputy Commissioner, the other officers and workers when discussing among themselves instead of repeatedly saying D.C. Sahib (Sir), only say Sahib. While delivering orders of D.C. Sahib to each other, say that Sahib (Sir) has said that prepare so and so documents. For them, D.C. sahib is self-explainatory.

Similarly, in Kaal’s (Jyoti Niranjan-Kaal) twenty-one brahmands, this Kshar Purush only is known as Sahib i.e. is known by the name, Brahm. Therefore, in the above-mentioned shloks, because of being well-known, it is written that Brahm (Kaal) has originated from the immortal God (the Omnipresent Supreme God). That Sarvgatam Brahm i.e. Omnipresent God only is situated in Yagyas.

The meaning of Adhyay 3 Shlok 17-18 is that one who meditates (dhyaan), he does not even need to perform other yagyas because (dhyaan) meditation itself is a yagya and only that person meditates a lot who becomes a hermit (one who leaves home and lives in forest) like Shringi rishi. He also used to remain in meditation. Then he can not perform other yagyas. But after becoming aware of tattavgyan (the true knowledge) neither a sadhak does baseless (arbitrary way of worship) sadhna, nor selfishly makes anyone else do it. His aim is no more to selfishly earn money. Therefore, it is said that there is no work left i.e. is always engrossed in the thought of God.

A Dharm Performed without the Desire of Fulfillment of Wishes is Fully Beneficial

It is evident in Adhyay 3 Shlok 19-20 that –

Bin ichchha jo det hai, so daan kahaavae
Fal baachain nahin taaska, so amrapur jaavae

King Janak also used to perform yagyas but without desires. The yagya, performed as a duty of a human being, helps in attainment of God and delivers the fruit of yagya as well.

The Difference between Saying and Doing

It is said in Adhyay 3 Shlok 21-24 that Oh Arjun! The knowledgeable sadhus-saints should perform good deeds in accordance with the scriptures. Because, the rest of the society follows them (saints). Although, I do not need to perform any action in the three loks because I can obtain all the comforts of the three loks without doing anything, even then, I perform good deeds so that other people should follow me; otherwise, I will prove to be the destroyer of the society, the producer of mixed caste (an offspring of a woman and a man of two different castes).

Please consider: - Sexual intercourse with maiden Radha, with maiden Kubja, stealing clothes of gopis and making them come out of the water, naked. The gopis, while coming out of water, had covered their private parts with one hand and their breasts with the other. Then also, God said, “Not like this. Raise both of your hands. Then you will get your clothes.” When all the gopis raised both of their hands, at that time they were fully naked. Then God Krishna returned their clothes. For further information, read “Sri Mad bhagwat Sudha Sagar”.

Then, forcefully abducting Rukmani and when her brother Rukmi followed them in order to save his sister’s honour, Sri Krishna Ji dragged him after tying him to a chariot.

Then, emphasizing the harm of not following the Kshatriya dharm (moral duty) to Arjun and himself running from the battlefield in front of king Kalyavan, which is a conduct opposed to Kshatriya dharm.

Making Yudhishthir lie that say that Ashwatthama (Dronacharya’s son) has died etc-etc. the difference in saying and doing also proves that God Krishna Ji did not narrate Srimad Bhagwad Gita. God says in Gita Ji that if I do not act sensibly then I prove to be the cause of mixed caste. Then, a conduct opposite to statement! Holy Srimad Bhagwad Gita Ji was narrated by Kaal (Brahm) God by entering Sri Krishna Ji’s body, to fulfil his selfish interest (to get lakhs of persons killed by causing war), because Kaal (Brahm) has said that I will not appear before anyone by any way of worship. But all the tasks will be performed by me by secret power.

The Learned should do Sadhna according to the Scriptures

Please consider: - It is said in Adhyay 3 Shlok 25-26 and 29 that those foolish people who are doing wrong pooja (worship), they will not listen when told; rather, will become annoyed. Therefore, the knowledgeable persons should worship according to the injunctions of the scriptures and also make them follow it. They can agree in imitation. The difference in opinion i.e. even after witnessing the truth, out of their nature, do not leave their wrong religious acts i.e. baseless way of worship which is said to be an arbitrary practice; on being told that their practice is wrong, turn their faces away.

It is said in Adhyay 3 Shlok 27-28 that a foolish person, by nature, takes false pride by considering himself the doer. Wise men do not come under the influence of gunas.

It is said in Adhyay 3 Shlok 30, it is said that Arjun, by being dependent on me through knowledge, free from desires, free from possessiveness and abandoning grief, fight.

Please consider: - the essence of Adhyay 3 Shlok 31-32 is that those who follow the above-mentioned opinion of mine, they are saved from evil actions. Those who do not follow it are foolish and ignorant. Their decline (84-lakh births) is certain. The purport of above-mentioned opinion is that instead of worshipping gods-goddesses, ghosts and pitras, one should only worship God. Onw should only perform yagyas, chant ‘Om’ naam, that too without any desire, considering it one’s duty as a human being and one should acquire a complete Guru and do it in accordance with the scriptures.

Please consider: - It is said in Adhyay 3 Shlok 33-34 that one not have love-hatred. God Sri Krishna himself, in love for Pandavs, during the battle of Mahabharat, made Yudhishthir lie about Ashwatthama (Dronacharya’s son) and got Babru Bhaan (who is also known as Shyam Ji) beheaded so that Babru Bhaan should not defeat the Pandavs because Babru Bhaan was a powerful warrior and archer who had pierced all the leaves of a peepal tree with one arror and had pledged that he will fight from the side of the army which will appear to be loosing. Kaal, entered in Krishna Ji, had to make Pandavs win the battle.

Once, Bhasmagiri, after making God Shiv promise, had asked for bhasm kanda and tried to kill Shiv. When, with the evil thought of making Parvati his wife, he ran after Shiv, then Sri Vishnu Ji, in love for Shiv Ji, assumed the appearance of Parvati and making Bhasmagiri perform gandath dance, reduced him to ashes. “Garib, Shiv Shankar ke raag mein, bahe Krishna murari.” Even god could not escape from love-hatred because love for Pandavs and hatred for Kauravs, and if love for Shiv, then hatred towards Bhasmagiri, is self-evident. How can a common man (Arjun) escape from love-hatred? No battle is possible without hatred. Hence proved that in Gita Ji, Kaal God did give correct knowledge but instilled evil habits (sex, anger, affection, greed, ego, love-hatred and word, touch, beauty, taste, smell) in a living being, overpowered by which, even the incarnations of God Kaal became helpless. As a result of which, can not escape from Kaal’s trap. He (Kaal) is always frightened that a living being may escape from his trap.

One’s Scripture-based Sadhna is better than Other’s Ostentatious and Baseless sadhna

Please consider: - In Adhyay no. 3, Shlok no. 35, it is said that other’s incorrect sadhna (lacking quality) which is not based on scriptures, no matter how good it appears and no matter how much those ignorant people scare you, their sadhna should not be accepted under fear. One should adhere to the updesh given by Guru Ji, which is according to the shastras, with full faith. One must not get confused. One should follow one’s true way of worship unto the last breath and even dying for one’s true way of worship (satya sadhna) is beneficial.

Sat Bhakti Sandesh