Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 by Jagat Guru Sant Rampal Ji

Translation of Gita Chapter 8 by Sant Rampal Ji

Important Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8

Saint Rampal Ji Maharaj has done a translation of Srimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 that describes the identity of Purna Brahm who is other than Kshar Purush and Akshar Purush. The description of great destruction reveals the fact that Kshar Purush and his 21 Universes and Akshar Purush and his seven shankh (quadrillion) Brahamands are all mortal. Satpurush/Param Akshar Purush and Satlok are only immortal. Satpurush is the savior hence is known as “Bandi Chod” (who liberates souls from the trap of Kaal).  

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 1

Who Is That “Tat Brahm''; Purna Brahm?

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 1, Arjun asked from the giver of the knowledge of Gita that who is that Tat Brahm? that you have stated in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Verse 29 Its answer has been given in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 3 that He is Param Akshar Brahm i.e. Purna Brahm.

Special: In Spirituality three Purush (gods) are exclusive.

  1. Brahm – Ish – Kshar Purush – Kaal
  2. ParBrahm – Ishwar – Akshar Brahm – Akshar Purush
  3. Purna Brahm – SatPurush – Param Akshar Purush – Param Akshar Brahm - Sarvgatam Brahm – Parmeshwar is even superior to ParBrahm and Brahm. 

Therefore, it has been proved that SatPurush has been called the Purna Brahm. He is Param Akshar Brahm.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 2

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 1, 2, Arjun questions that ‘O God, what is that Brahm? What is said to be Adhyatm – Adhibhoot – Adhidev and who is Adhiyagya? How is He known at the time of death?

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 3

It is clear in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 3 that in answer to what is that Brahm, God Kaal (Brahm) is saying that He is Param Akshar Brahm i.e. Purna Brahm (SatPurush). Because there are three Gods (Brahm).

  • Kshar Purush – Brahm
  • Akshar Purush – ParBrahm, and
  • Param Akshar Purush – This is Purna Brahm.

Its evidence is also in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 Verse 16, 17. Like, Kshar Purush is a perishable God and Akshar Purush is imperishable God, and in reality, Eternal (completely imperishable) God is someone else other than the two mentioned above, who is known as Completely Eternal God (Purna Avinashi Parmatma). He is Param Akshar Brahm i.e. Purna Parmatma (SatPurush). He only, by entering into the three worlds, nurtures and protects (sustains) everyone. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 4

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 4, God is saying that I, Brahm, having the perishable nature, am the Adhibhoot, and ParBrahm (Akshar Purush) is Adhidev; the Supreme Purna Parmatma, Param Akshar Brahm present in this body of the embodied beings is Himself Adhiyagya i.e. is situated in all the Yagyas. Similarly, I am also in these beings like in Gita Chapter 15 Verse 15 it is said that ‘I am situated in the heart of all beings’.

Meaning: The meaning of the above Verse of Chapter 15 is that ‘Kaal Brahm is situated only in the heart of the beings of his 21 universes and the Param Akshar Brahm is located in the heart of Kaal Brahm's 21 universes and the beings of his entire universes because the Param Akshar Brahm is Universal ie. is Vasudev.

Evidence: - In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 17, it is said that Purna Brahm, highly radiant is said to be beyond Maya. He is worth knowing through true spiritual knowledge and is specially situated in the heart of all beings. The same proof is in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 61. It is said that God makes the beings wander in the body-like instrument to travel through his illusion and is also located in the heart of all beings.

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9 Verse 4, 5 and Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Verse 12, to mislead; Brahm (Kaal) is saying that I am not present in all the living beings.

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9 Verse 4, 5 prove that Brahm (Kaal) is stating that I am not present in the living beings. With a steady mind (mat-yaji), becoming a scripture-based worshipper (he who does bhakti according to the prescriptions of the scriptures), bow before me (great me), thus engrossed in scripture-based practice from the inner-self (matparayan), you will come to me.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 6

The Worshipper of Kaal Goes to Kaal and the Worshipper of Purna Brahm Attains Purna Brahm

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 6, it is said that this is a rule that whomever, a devotee remembers (does sumiran of) at the time of death, goes to that only.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 5 & 7

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 5 and 7, Kaal God is saying that he, who remembers me in the final moments, comes to me (Kaal) i.e. Kaal eats him after roasting on the Tapatshila (the hot rock). Whomever one remembers in the last moments goes to that only. Therefore, do my sumiran (remember me) and you will come to me, Also fight. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 8-10

The Worshipper of Purna Brahm Attains Him

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 8 to 10, it is said; to do devotion to another Tat Brahma i.e. Param Akshar Brahm which is described in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 3. It is said that ‘O Arjun! A devotee who wants complete liberation, without engaging his mind in anyone else, only remembers (does sumiran of) one Param Divya Purush / Supreme Divine God (Purna Parmatma – SatPurush). He goes to Him only. He who remembers (Kavim) KavirDev (Sarvagya) who is Omniscient; (Sanatan) Primeval God; (Niyanta) who controls everyone; who is subtler than the subtlest, who sustains everyone; composed (Peaceful Purna Brahm); self-effulgent like the sun (Swaprakashit); beyond ignorance, the Supreme God, SatPurush, that person endowed with Bhakti, at the time of death by the strength of bhakti (by earnings of the True Naam) properly fixing his life-breath in the middle of the eyebrows, then while doing sumiran with a steadfast mind, goes to that Supreme Divine God (Purna Brahm – SatPurush) only. 8, 9, 10, in these three Verses, Brahm has given knowledge about the Purna Brahm God (SatPurush); he has also indicated that His name is (Kavim); KavirDev.

Meaning of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 11-14

In the above Verses 8 to 10, the divine form, Param Purush, that is, the worshipper of Complete God (Purna Parmatma) whoever renounces the body in the contemplation of the same till the last time. He attains Him only. Regarding the devotional method of that Purna Parmatma, the speaker of the knowledge of Gita is telling in Verses 11-12.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 11

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 11, has said that whom the knowers of Vedas, that is, Tatvadarshi Saint; call the divine eternal; (Purushottam); and with the devotional method by which the desirous seekers of that ultimate position of the immortal God restrain Brahmacharya; ie. those striving for Sanyasis, who is free from attachment, can go; whose seekers practice celibacy; (Brahmacharya means abstinence here. Like restraining in the diet-thoughts-luxury-disorders is called Brahmacharya). I will tell that state (a good way of bhakti) to you in brief. 

Please Ponder: - In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 Verse 18, Kaal says that I am known as eternal (Purushottam) in lokved (folklore) because I (Kaal – Kshar) am superior to the beings in material /gross body and soul. But, in reality, Purushottam is someone else. His description is in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 Verse 17. Here, Kaal tells about his sadhana. Read further in the following Verses.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verses 12 to 14

He Who Does Jaap of ‘OM’ Mantra Goes to Kaal

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 12 to 14, it is mentioned that closing all the nine doors and fixing the mind in the heart, establishing the life-breath in the forehead (the tenth door), being deeply absorbed in Aatm chintan (concentration in self), he who chanting ‘OM’, this one word, while remembering me (Brahm-Kaal) leaves his body, attains my ultimate state (Maha Swarg/ Great Heaven). 

The giver of the knowledge of Gita, Kaal God, is only saying in brief in an allusive manner that is, the method of bhakti for attaining the Complete God, a worshipper does sadhana through breaths. 

Special: The Jaap of three mantras OM-Tat-Sat of complete God which has been mentioned in Gita Adhyay 17 Sloka 23, one does its practice in forehead and heart by equalizing mind-air i.e. breaths and concentration and attention. Like, the Jaap of Satnam is done through breaths. There are two words in Satyanaam: one word is Om (ॐ) and second Tat (which is a secret and is told to the disciple only). Om (ॐ) mantra is Jaap of Brahm. The place of Brahm is Sahastr lotus which is behind the forehead, and Purna Parmatma (Complete/Supreme God) resides in a special manner in the heart (like, the sun in water). Therefore, in the sumiran of Satyanaam, by focusing the attention on breaths, the mantras are repeated in forehead and heart with attention along with breaths. Kaal God does not know about the complete method of bhakti. This method is to attain that divine Param Purush i.e. Param Akshar Brahm.

To Ponder:- Whenever the mind gets absorbed on breaths and the breath gets absorbed in Naam (mantra), then all the doors of the body automatically become inactive. There is no need to practice Hatha Yoga. The above spiritual practice can also be done while walking, doing physical work, eating, drinking, waking, and sleeping. Doing it at bedtime means, that at the time, when the practice of the seeker becomes mature, at that time, the remembrance (Sumran) in the dream goes on automatically even at night. This is also indicated in Gita Chapter 17 Verse 23.

Interpretation: Other translators of Gita have written in their translation that by stopping the gates of all the senses and setting the mind in the heart, by setting the soul (breath) in the forehead, one should get absorbed in the meditation of God.

To Ponder:- Meditation and remembrance is done by the mind itself. If the mind is located in the heart then the breath cannot stop in the forehead. Because the mind; can only stop breathing. The mind cannot function in two places at one time. The breath can work without the help of the mind, but cannot stop. Therefore, the translation of other translators is not judicious. What is done by me (Rampal Das) is justified. 

God; the giver of Gita’s knowledge, has told in Chapter 8 Verse 13, related to his spiritual practice which is also related to the Gita Chapter 8 Verses 11 and 12. In which it is said that the seekers who recite the three mantras as have been mentioned in the path of complete salvation in Verses 11 and 12 above; in which my (Brahm) mantra is of only one ‘OM’ word. In this way, by duly memorizing, renounces the body, attains salvation that is attained by the ‘OM’ mantra.

{God Kaal has called this ultimate state of his as bad (inferior) because, with Brahm (Kaal) sadhana, a living being does not get fully liberated. Birth–death and the sufferings of the 84 lakh births are maintained. Therefore, only by doing bhajan of that Supreme God and by only seeking His refuge, a living being attains the Supreme Peace (complete liberation) i.e. can get rid of birth-death. This has been stated clearly. In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Verse 18, God Brahm, himself is saying that this is my (anuttamam gatim) most inferior salvation.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verses 13 & 14

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 13-14:- Brahm has said in these Verses that a bhakt who does Jaap of ‘OM’ mantra, that too, who has faith only in one God (Brahm) and is not concentrated towards other gods-goddesses, Mai-Masaani, Hanuman, Ganesh, Brahma-Vishnu-Mahesh, etc i.e. beyond the three Gunas, who always remembers me (Brahm), I am easily attainable to him i.e. my benefit can be easily obtained. Chanting of "Om'' (ॐ) mantra is of Brahm and with its remembrance, Brahmalok is attained. In the Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16, it is said that even the creatures who have attained Brahmalok remain in the cycle of reincarnation and death.

{One cannot attain (see and meet) Kaal. Because in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 47 and 48, it is clearly said that I am not attainable in any way. Yes, the benefit given by Kaal (Brahm) is the cycle of heaven–hell–king–and the 84 lakh births in life forms. Therefore, God himself has called this sadhana, in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Verse 18, as anuttam (inferior) gatim (liberation) state}.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 15

The Happiness of a Devotee, Who has Attained Brahm, is Short-lived

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 15, Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan) is saying that the happiness of a devotee who has attained me is transitory i.e. his birth-death continues. A Mahatma who has attained the supreme spiritual success (Purna Brahm) does not have birth-death (rebirth), the abode of misery i.e. he becomes completely liberated.

The giver of the knowledge of Gita has said that: (Mam) me (upetya) the worshipper who has attained (ashaahvatam) short-lived (duHkhaalyam) abode of sorrow (punarjanm) is in repeated birth-death (parmaam) highest i.e. obtained from the worship of the Complete God (sansiddhim) spiritual success (gataaH) who have attained (mahaatmaanH) Mahatmas (na) not (aapnuvanti) attain/have. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16

Translation: (Arjun) O Arjun! (aabrahmbhuvnaat) upto Brahm lok (lokaH) all the loks (punraavartinH) are subject to repeated creation and destruction (tu) but (kauntey) O son of Kunti, (na, vidhyate) those who do not know this (mam) me (upetya) even after attaining (punH) again (janmH) are reborn. 

Translation: Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan) is saying that ‘O Arjun! All the loks up to Brahmlok are subject to repeated creation and destruction. But O son of Kunti, those who do not know this, they even after attaining me are reborn. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 17  - H3 

In this Verse there is information about one day-night of Akshar Purush means ParBrahm.

During Mahapralaya (the Great destruction), Even Brahmlok, Built in a Brahmand, gets Destroyed

It is clear in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16 that ‘O Arjun! All the worlds (loks) up to Brahmlok are subject to creation and destruction. Those who do not know this;  even after receiving me get birth and death. They are not completely liberated. The other translators have written that ‘I am not reborn’. Think; if this translation is considered correct then the meaning of Gita Chapter 2 Verse 12, Chapter 4 Verses 5 to 9, Chapter 10 Verse 2 becomes meaningless. In which the giver of the knowledge of Gita, is saying that ‘Arjuna! you and I have been born several times, you do not know, I know’. Then in Chapter 18 Verse 62 and Chapter 15 Verse 4 it is said that for complete salvation worship complete God.

Important: In this, Brahm (Kaal) is saying that all the worlds (loks) up to Brahmlok are destructible. Even Brahma, Vishnu, Shiv, and the living beings in their (loks) world will not exist. Then how will their worshippers survive? Even the gods-goddesses will not survive. Then how will the worshippers survive? In other words, no one gets liberated; neither those who have attained Brahmlok, nor those who have attained Vishnulok, nor those who have reached Shiv and Brahma Lok. Then, he, who has come to me (i.e. who has attained Kaal-Brahm) also has rebirth. Because even Brahmlok will also get destroyed. Therefore, no seekers of even Brahm get liberated. Hence proved.

Information About Mahapralaya (the Great Destruction)

Pralaya means 'destruction'. It is of two types - Partial Holocaust and Mahapralaya (Great Destruction).

Partial Holocaust: It is of two types. At the end of the fourth era (Kali-yuga) comes the tenth incarnation on earth by the name NiHKalank, also known as Kalki. He will finish all the devotionless human beings of that time (Kali-yuga) by killing them with his sword. At that time, the age of the human being will be 20 years amongst which 5 years will be less (fragmented) means in 15 years all the children will become young than old and will die. A 5-year-old girl will give birth to children. Human height will be about 1:30 or 2:30 feet. At that time, there would be so many earthquakes that even 4 feet high buildings could not be built on the earth. All creatures will dig holes in the earth to live. Earth will not be fertile. The fertile element of the ground will be eliminated by three cubits (about four and a half feet) below. There will be no fruitful tree and the Peepal tree will not have leaves. All humans (men and women) will be non-vegetarians. Mutual behavior will be very inferior. Will ride on Bears. The Bear will be a good vehicle at that time. Due to environmental pollution, the rain will stop. It will rain as dew falls. Rivers like Ganga and Jamuna will also dry up. This will be the end of the Kali Yuga. At that time, there will be Catastrophe (water will be on the entire earth). Suddenly, there will be so much rain that there will be hundreds of feet of water on the whole earth. There will be few humans left at very high places. This water will dry in hundreds of years. Then the forest will grow on the whole earth. The earth will be fertile again.

The environment will be purified again by the excess of forest (trees). Some people who will be devotional will be left at high places. They will have children who will be very tall. Because of the purity of the atmosphere; their body will become healthier. The parents will be of short stature and the children will be of high stature (body). After some time, the parents and children at their young age will become equal. At that time, the atmosphere will be completely pure. In this way, it will be the beginning of Satyuga (the golden age). This Partial Holocaust on Earth is done by Jyoti Niranjan (Kaal).

The Second Partial Holocaust occurs after 1000 Chaturyuga. Then one day of Shri Brahma Ji ends. The night is also of the same Chaturyuga. The holocaust lasts till one night. {In fact, one day of Brahma Ji is of 1008 Chaturyuga. The reign of 14 Indras gets complete in one day of Brahma Ji. The reign of one Indra is of 72 Chaturyuga. There are four eras in one Chaukri (Chaturyuga): - 1. Satyuga is 17,28,000 years old. 2. Treta Yuga is 12,96,000 years old. 3. Dwapara Yuga is 8,64,000 years old. 4. Kalyug is 4,32,000 years old. This is directly called 1000 Chaturyuga}.

When the day of Brahma ends, all the creatures of Earth, Hades, and Heaven (Indralok) get destroyed. Creatures who get destroyed in the Holocaust are put in the region of Brahm, ie. Kaal, who lives in Brahmlok and does not appear to anyone; hence, is considered to be avyakt (Unmanifested). They are made unconscious and are put secretly in his avyakta (Brahma’s) world. Then after 1000 Chaturyuga (actually it's 1008 Chaturyuga), at the end of the night of Brahma, the creation starts in these three regions (Patal-Hades, Prithvi-Earth, Swargaloka-Heaven). At that time, the beings of Brahma, Vishnu, Shivlok, and Brahmlok (Maha Swarg-great Heaven) only remained. This is the second type of Partial Catastrophe.

Mahapralaya (Holocaust): It is of three types. 

First Mahapralaya:- This Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan) does at the end of the Mahakalp, at which time Brahma Ji dies. {Age of Brahma = The night of Brahma is 1000 Chaturyuga and the same is the day. A month of 30 days and nights, a year of 12 months, such 100 years is the age of Brahma. This is called one Mahakalp}.

Second Mahapralaya:- After the death of seven Brahma Ji one Vishnu Ji dies, after the death of seven Vishnu Ji one Shiva dies. It is called Divine Mahakalp, in which the creatures of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, and all their creatures and other creations in Heaven, Hades, Earth (Mrityulok), etc. and all their beings are destroyed. At that time, only Brahmlok remains in which this God Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan) and Durga live in three forms Maha Brahma-Maha Savitri, Mahavishnu-Mahalakshmi, and Mahashankar-Mahadevi (Parvati), forming three worlds. A great Heaven has been formed in this Brahmlok, in which beings who have attained the fourth liberation reside.

{Markandeya, a soul like Rumi Rishi who has attained the fourth liberation and is called Brahmleen (merged in Brahm). They are out of the range of divine vision of the seekers of the three worlds here. The sages of Heaven, the deceased world (Mrityulok) and Hell are unable to see them. Hence, are assumed Brahmleen. But they go to the great heaven in Brahmlok}.

Then Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan) at the beginning of the divine Mahakalpa does the creation of the below regions through Lord Brahma. God Kaal with Prakriti (Maya-Aadi Bhavani) Mahasavitri, Mahalakshmi, and Mahadevi (Gauri) by the husband-wife act generates his three sons (Rajgun Brahma, Satgun Vishnu, Tamgun Shiva). This God Kaal makes them unconscious with his power. Then keep all three in different places like Brahma Ji on Lotus flower, Vishnu Ji on Sheshnag (serpent Bed) in the sea, and Shiva Ji on Mount Kailash. Makes them conscious turn wise. Through Prakriti (Durga) he commands them for churning the ocean.

Then this Mahamaya (Original Prakriti / Sheranwali) makes her three forms and hides in the ocean. Reveals three girls (young goddesses). The three children (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva) marry these three goddesses. Kaal gives three departments to his three sons- the creation to Brahma Ji, the task of upbringing to Vishnu Ji, and destruction to Shiv Ji with which the creation of Kaal (Brahm) begins again. Which is also mentioned in the holy Puranas such as Shiva Mahapuran, Brahma Mahapuran, Vishnu Mahapuran, Mahabharata, Sukh Sagar, Devi Bhagwat Mahapuran is detail and is briefly stated in Verses 3 to 5 of Chapter 14 of Geeta Ji.

Third Mahapralaya: - When one Trilokiya Shiv (Tamogun son of Kaal) dies 70 thousand times in one universe, then there is a Catastrophe of one universe and Kaal (Mahashiva) living in all the three places in Brahmlok also gives up his body of Maha Shiva form. In this way, it is a cosmic catastrophe i.e. the third great destruction of one universe and at that time, one Brahmlokiya Shiva (Kaal) dies and 70000 Trilokiya Shiva (son of Kaal) die i.e. beings from all the worlds including Brahmalok made in one universe come under destruction. This duration is called an era of ParBrahma i.e. Akshar Purush. In this way, the meaning of the Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16 must be understood.

"In this way, there are three celestial holocausts": -

First Divine Mahapralay (Holocaust)

When 100 Brahm-lokiya Shiv (Kaal-Brahm) dies, then the beings of the 20 universes built in the four great universes are destroyed.

Then he keeps the virtuous souls (Hansaatma) of the four great Brahmands in the fake Satlok etc. regions made in the 21st universe and stuns other beings at the other four secret places built in the same world and pacifies his hunger by eating beings from the same fake Satlok and keeps those souls stun whom he eats every day in the four secret places built in the same universe. There also this Jyoti Niranjan remains by acquiring his three forms (Mahabrahma, Mahavishnu, and Mahashiva) and continues to play the spectacle of birth-death in the form of Shiva. He keeps the time fixed and attains death a hundred times, due to which the time of 100 Yugas of ParBrahm gets completed in the 21st Brahmand. Thereafter, he begins the work of creation within the four great universes. {The one universe which lasts for the age of 100 Brahmalokiya Shiv (Kaal) ie. 200 Yug of ParBrahm and for the same duration remains holocaust, means for 200 Yug (ages) of ParBrahm (because in one Yuga of ParBrahm one Brahmalokiya Shiv i.e. Kaal dies) the runtime of divine great devastation done by this Kaal gets complete}. This Kaal i.e. Brahm is called the first Avyakta. (In Gita Chapter 7 Verse 24–25). Understand the second Avyakta ParBrahm and beyond this, the second Sanatan Avyakta which is Purna Brahm, understand like this the idea of Gita Chapter 8 Verse 20.

Second Divine Mahapralay (Holocaust)

After this aforementioned Holocaust occurs five times; there occurs the second divine Holocaust. The second divine Holocaust is done by ParBrahm (Avigat Purush / Akshar Purush). In that, all the 21 Brahmands including Kaal i.e. Brahm (Kshar Purush) gets destroyed. In which the three worlds (Swargalok (Heaven)-Mrityulok (Earth)-Patallok (Hades)) Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, and Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan-Onkar Niranjan) and their world (Brahmlok) i.e. all the beings of other 21 universes get destroyed.

Special: One Trilokiya Vishnu dies after the death of 7 Trilokiya Brahma and one Trilokiya Shiv dies after the death of 7 Vishnu. After the death of 70000 Trilokiya Shiv, one Brahmlokiya Shiva i.e. Kaal (Brahm) dies after an era of ParBrahm. Such 1000 Yug of ParBrahm (Akshar Purush) constitute one day and the same is night. At the beginning of the night of the Akshar Purush, Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan) means Brahm including Prakriti (Durga), and all the beings of its 21 Brahmands are destroyed. Then one day of 1000 Yuga of ParBrahma (the second avyakt) ends. After spending the same nights, Purna Brahm again manifests Brahm.

Understand the meaning of Gita Chapter 8 Verse 17 in this way. But the boundary (consider the circular wall) of these Brahamands and Maha Brahmands and the realms made in it does not end. Then after this time, Purna Brahm (Satpurush) regenerates Kaal and Maya (Prakriti Devi) based on pre-determined Karma of creation and also creates all beings who are prisoners of Kaal, based on their Karma in various bodies according to the law of nature and it seems that ParBrahma is creating. {Here, Verse 17 of Gita Chapter 15 should be remembered in which it is said that the superior God is someone else who is truly the imperishable God. One who by entering the three worlds sustains everyone, and in Verse 61 of Gita Chapter 18, it is said that the transcendent God rotates all beings on the same karmic basis like a machine and is located in the heart of every living being}.

The readers of Gita will again have the illusion that Kaal (Brahm) in Verse 15 of Gita Chapter 15 says that ‘I am situated in the heart of all beings and is the provider of all knowledge; Apohan and Vedas.

Kaal resides in a Mahashiva form in the heart-lotus (channel) along with Goddess Maha Parvati (Durga) and the complete God also lives with the soul in Impregnable form as the air remains with the smell. Both have an inequitable relationship but some qualities are different. These details are also in Verse 17 to 21 of Gita Chapter 2. In this way, Purna Brahm also lives with the individual soul in the heart of every living being. Even though the Sun is far away from the place, the effect of its heat and light is impenetrable to every living being and the place of the soul is also the heart.

Special:- The destruction of one great universe takes place after 100 years of ParBrahm. The holocaust remains in the great universe for the same number of years.

Know this Kaal i.e. Brahm (Jyoti Niranjan) is like an air pillar (air-filled with soil) that appears very high in the sky in the summer season in Rajasthan and Haryana etc. and goes round-round. Which is temporary. But the smell is impenetrable with air. Similarly, understand the subtle relation between Jeevatma (soul) and Parmatma (God).

In this same way, consider the sequence of all holocaust and devastation to be happening from the absolute God (Satpurush, Kabir Dev). At the end of 1000 Yuga, which is the night of ParBrahm, the creation of Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan) starts again with the word power of Satyapurush Kabir Dev according to the set rule of time. Akshar Purush (ParBrahm) sends Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan) and Maya (Prakriti i.e. Durga) with all beings into the 21 universes of Kaal by order of Purna Brahm (Satpurush) and other creations in all the universes happen according to the law made by Purna Brahm, God Kabir. The Noori (illuminating) body over the subtle body of Maya (Prakriti) and Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan), is also created by the complete God and the rest of the creation is done by Brahm (Kaal) with the union of his wife Durga (Prakriti). The remaining regions Niranjan creates are based on the five elements. Then the creation of Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan i.e. Brahm) begins. In this way, this ParBrahm is called the second avyakt}.

The Third Divine Mahapralay (Holocaust)

As read in the aforesaid description that after the death of 70000 Shiva-form sons of Kaal (Brahm), one Brahm (Mahashiva) dies, that time is one era of ParBrahm. Regarding this, in Gita Chapter 2 Verse 12, Chapter 4, Verse 5 and 9, in Verse 2 of Chapter 10, God, who is the giver of the knowledge of Gita is saying that ‘I too take birth and die. Many births have taken place. Which is not known to even gods (including Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva) and also Maharishi because they all have originated from me. It has been stated in Gita Chapter 4 Verse 9 that my birth and deeds are supernatural. In one era of ParBrahm, Kaal renounces the body of Lord Sadashiva and again resides in the other three forms in the other universe. He does this spectacle himself. One day of ParBrahm is 1000 Yuga; the same is night. A month of 30 days and nights, one year of 12 months, and such 100 years is the age of ParBrahm (second avyakt). At that time, ParBrahm (Akshar Purush) dies. This is called the third divine apocalypse.

In the third celestial destruction all the universe in which the 21 universes of Brahm (Kaal) and the seven Sankh universes of ParBrahm and other innumerable universes are destroyed. The Conch will blow loud. All the universes will be destroyed, but that third Divya Mahapralaya will be done after a very long time. That third (divine) great catastrophe will be done by Achint, who is the son of Satpurush by the order of his father PurnaBrahm/Satpurush itself according to the pre-decided rule of creation by Purna Brahma, and then the creation will again start. But the virtuous souls (Hansaatma) who have attained Satlok will not come again in birth and death. Thus, neither Akshar Purush (ParBrahm) is immortal, nor Kaal Niranjan (Brahm) is immortal, nor Brahma (Rajguna), Vishnu (Satgun) Shiva (Tamguna) are immortal. Then how can their worshipers attain complete liberation? That means never. Therefore, one should worship Purna Brahm, through whose worship the creature goes into Satlok (Amarlok), then he never dies and gets completely liberated. That Purna Brahm (Kabir Dev) is the third Sanatana Avyakt who is described in Verse 20-21 of Gita Chapter 8.

“Amar karun Satlok pathaun, tate Bandichod kahaun”

The proof of the same complete God is in Gita Ji Verse 17 of Chapter 2, in Verses 14, 15 of Chapter 3, in Verses 13 and 19 and 29 of Chapter 7, in Verses 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 20, 21, 22 of Chapter 8, Chapter 13 Verses 12 to 17 and 22 to 24, 27 to 28, 30–31 and 34 and Chapter 4 Verses 31–32, Chapter 5 Verses 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 24–26. In Chapter 6 Verses 7 and 19-20, 25 to 27 and in Chapter 18 Verses 46, 61, 62, and 66, there is also a special proof provided that by going to the shelter of that Supreme God, the creature does not come in birth-death.

{Special: To understand the trap of Kaal, keep this description in mind that there is one Shiva in Trilok. Who is the son of this Kaal Brahm who dies after the death of 7 trilokiya Vishnu Ji and the death of 49 trilokiya Brahma Ji. In the same way, God Kaal also resides in Maha Shiva form in Brahmlok, created in a universe. According to the law of time created by God, to maintain the time of the order of creation, this Mahashiva (Kaal) of Brahmlok also attains death. When Trilokiya 70000 Shiva, son of Brahm die then one Brahmalokiya Shiva (Brahm/Kshar Purush) dies and is born according to the law of time created by the Supreme God. This death duration of Brahmalokiy Shiva (Brahm/Kaal) is one era of ParBrahm (Akshar Purush), Therefore, in Gita Ji Chapter 2 Verse 12, Gita Chapter 4 Verse 5, Gita Chapter 10 Verse 2, it is said that you and I have been born several times. I know you do not know. My births are supernatural}

Supernatural Example: Respected Garibdas Sahib Ji was born in the year 1717 (Samvat 1774) in the house of Shri Balram Ji from the womb of Mother Rani Ji and lived in the village Jhajjar in the body for 61 years and renounced body in 1778 (Vikrami Samvat 1835). Even today a memorial remains in his remembrance where the body was buried with respect in the ground. After 6 months, the revered Garibdas Sahib Ji, after acquiring the same body, stayed for 35 years in the body of his former disciple Shri Bhakta Bhumana Saini Ji in the city Saharanpur (Uttar Pradesh) and later renounced his body. Even today there is a memorial built in his remembrance. 

The place is:- From Chilkana Road, Kalsia Road emerges; after walking half a kilometer on Kalsia Road, there is this unique sacred memorial on the left side and an inscription is written on it, which is a direct witness. Along with that, a fence of Baba Laldas Ji has also been built.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 17 

Age of All Gods

Chapter 8 Verse 17

Sahastryugparyantm, ahH, yat, BrahmnH, viduH, raatrim,
Yugsahastraantaam, te, ahoraatrvidH, janaaH ||17||

Translation: (BrahmnH) ParBrahm’s (yat) that (ahH) one day (sahastryugparyantm) of the duration of one thousand yugas and (raatrim) also the night (yugsahastraantaam) of the duration of one thousand Yugas (viduH) know in essence (te) those (janaaH) Tatvdarshi saints (ahoraatrvidH) know the truth about the day-night. 

Translation: Those who know in essence that ParBrahm’s one day is of the duration of one thousand Yugas and the night is also of the duration of one thousand Yugas, those Tatvadarshi sant know the truth about the day-night.

Note: - The other translators of Gita Ji have written one day of Brahma to be of one thousand chaturyuga, which is not right because in the original Sanskrit, ‘sahansr’ (thousand) yug has been written, rather than chaturyuga (four yugas); and ‘BrahmanH’ has been written and not Brahma. In this Verse 17, it has been said about Par Brahm (Akshar Purush) and not about Brahm. Because of the absence of Tatvagyan (true spiritual knowledge), they have written incorrect meanings of words.

[1] Chaturyug = Chatur means Four and Yug means Age/era; Four Yugas (Satyug, Treta Yuga,   Dwaparyug, and Kaliyug)

[2]  1 Crore = Ten million; 10,000,000

[3]  1 Lakh = hundred thousand; 100,000

[4]  1 Arab = 100 Crore, 1000, 000,000

Special: One Trilokiya Vishnu dies after the death of seven Trilokiya Brahma (Rajogun son of Kaal) and the death of one Trilokiya Shiva (Tamogun son of Brahma-Kaal) happens after the death of seven Trilokiya Vishnu (Satgun son of Kaal). After the death of such 70000 (ie 0.7 Lakh) Trilokiya Shiva, one Brahmalokiya Maha Shiva (Sadasiva ie. Kaal) dies. The age of one Brahmalokiya Mahashiva was as long as that of one Yug of ParBrahm (Akshar Purush). After the death of such 1000 Yugas i.e. 1000 Brahm-lokiya Shiva (in Brahmlok itself, Kaal lives in Maha Shiva form), 21 universes of Kaal are destroyed. That is why here it is written one day of ParBrahm which is of 1000 Yuga and the same is night.

(1) Age of Rajogun Brahma: - Brahma’s one day is of a thousand chaturyuga[1], and the night is of the same duration. One month is of thirty days-nights; one year is of twelve months, and the age of Brahma is of a hundred years, which is seven crores[2] twenty lakh[3] chaturyuga.

(2) Age of Satogun Vishnu: - Shri Vishnu Ji’s age is seven times the age of Shri Brahma jJ i.e. the age of Shri Vishnu Ji is fifty crore forty lakh chaturyuga.

(3) Age of Tamogun Shiv: - Shri Shiv Ji’s age is seven times the age of Shri Vishnu Ji i.e. the age of Shri Shiv Ji is three arab[4] fifty-two crore eighty lakh chaturyuga.

(4) Age of Kaal Brahm i.e. Kshar Purush: - After the death of seven trilokiye Brahma (Kaal’s Rajgun son), one Trilokiye Vishnu Ji dies, and after the death of seven trilokiye Vishnu (Kaal’s Satgun son), one trilokiye Shiv (Brahm/Kaal’s Tamogun son) dies. After the death of 70, 000 (seventy thousand i.e. 0.7 lakh) such trilokiye Shiv, there is the death of one Brahmlokiye MahaShiv (SadaShiv i.e. Kaal). Equivalent to the age of one Brahmlokiye Maha Shiv (three arab fifty-two crore eighty lakh chaturyuga) is one yug of ParBrahm (Akshar Purush). One day of ParBrahm is of one thousand such Yugas. After the completion of one day of ParBrahm, the twenty-one Brahmands of Kaal-Brahm get destroyed, and Kaal and Prakriti (Durga) die. After the completion of the night (which is one thousand Yugas) of ParBrahm, at the beginning of the day, Kaal and Durga are reborn. Then they start creation in one Brahmand like before. In this way, one day of ParBrahm i.e. Akshar Purush is of one thousand Yugas and the night is of the same duration.

(5) Age of Akshar Purush i.e. ParBrahm: - One Yug of ParBrahm is of three arab fifty-two crore eighty lakh chaturyuga. One day of ParBrahm is of one thousand Yugas and the night is of the same duration. In this way, one day and night of ParBrahm are of two thousand yugas; one month is of 30 days; one year of twelve months and the age of ParBrahm is of a thousand years. It has been clear from this that ParBrahm i.e. Akshar Purush is also mortal. Therefore, in Gita Adhyay 15 Shlok 16-17, and Adhyay 8 Shlok 20 to 22, there is mention of another Supreme/Complete God, who, in reality, is immortal.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 18-19

Verse 18-19 of Chapter 8 describes that all beings originate from avyakt i.e. invisible ParBrahm at the beginning of the day and at night get absorbed in the same avyakt (invisible) ParBrahm.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 20

The Eternal Unmanifested (Avyakt) Other Than Brahm (Kaal) is SatPurush (Purna Brahm)

It is clear in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 20 that beyond that Unmanifested (Akshar Purush i.e. ParBrahm) the Second Eternal (Primeval-eternal forever) Unmanifested i.e. invisible is Purna Brahm. Even after the destruction of all the living beings does not get destroyed.

Evidence of Three Gods

There are three Gods: (1) Brahm is also called Kshar Purush. This is the first latent.

In Gita Chapter 7 Verses 24-25, God; the Giver of the knowledge of Gita is saying about himself that this foolish group of people is considering me (avyakta) to have appeared in the form of Shri Krishna. I remain hidden with my Yogamaya. That is why I am not visible to anyone.

(2) ParBrahm is also called Akshar Purush. This is the second latent.

In Gita Chapter 8 Verse 18-19, there is a description of ParBrahm that all beings appear from the avyakta at the beginning of the day and dissolve in the same avyakta at the beginning of the night.

(3) Poorna Brahm is also called Param Akshar Purush. This is the third latent. 

In Gita Chapter 8 Verse 20 it is said that beyond the avyakt mentioned in Verses 18-19, there is a second Sanatan avyakta. That supreme divine (Purush) man does not perish even if all beings are destroyed. This is the third latent.

The same proof is written in Gita Chapter 15 Verses 16–17, “The two Lords:- Kshar Purush and Akshar Purush are known in this world. But in reality, the imperishable supreme God is other than both of them. Who enters into the three worlds and nurtures everyone and is called the imperishable God. The same proof is stated in Gita Chapter 15 Verses 1 to 4, that the origin of the world-like tree is Param Divya Purush. Below are the three Gunas-form (Rajoguna Brahma, Satogun Vishnu, and Tamogun Shiva) branches. This entire situation is told only by the enlightened knowledgeable saint and by understanding that true spiritual knowledge one should search for that Complete God. Attaining whom we do not come into this world again. Worship Him only. I am also in His shelter. In this Chapter 15 Verse 1, the origin/root of the world is called complete God. The tree gets its food only from the roots. Similarly, the complete God the third avyakta is the nurturer of the entire universe. From the above description, three Gods have been proved.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 21

The Supreme Abode of Brahm (Kaal) is Also Satlok

Important:- The meaning of Holy Bhagavad Gita Chapter Verse 21 is that Kaal (Jyoti Niranjan) has been expelled from Satlok. Therefore, is saying that even my supreme abode is that Satlok i.e. even I (Brahm-Kaal) have come from that eternal place. Like, if a person is living in a city after selling all the property in the village. If ever he meets someone from that same village then while talking to him that man from the city says that even I am the resident of that village i.e. that is also my village. In reality, that person does not even have any authority over the property in that village. Likewise, Brahm i.e. Kaal God, the narrator of Gita is saying that even my supreme abode is that Satyalok.

It is mentioned in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 21 that, that which is called eternal and invisible is the (Param Gati) Supreme Salvation (Complete Liberation), having attained which, one does not return to the cycle of birth-death i.e. that Purna Brahm (SatPurush God) is invisible. Those who have attained that supreme state i.e. who are free from birth-death are completely liberated. That Satlok is superior to my lok (world) and is my (Kaal-Brahm’s) supreme abode. Because even Kaal (Brahm-Jyoti Niranjan) has come from there (Satlok). Therefore, he says that this is also my supreme abode i.e. my actual residence is also that of Satlok.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 22

Purna Parmatma can be Attained by Undivided Bhakti

In Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 8 Verse 22, has said that O Paarth! The God under whom everybody comes, by whom this whole world is complete, that Supreme Purush (Purna Parmatma – SatPurush) is only attainable by undivided (he who, abandoning the bhakti of any other gods-goddesses and Hanuman, Mai-Masaani, etc, with firm faith only in that one God worthy of adoration, Purna Brahm, does sadhana by doing Jaap of naam is called a Bhakt) bhakti/devotion. The purport of the statement is that the benefit of the devotion of the Purna Parmatma is obtained by doing scripture-based sadhana with full faith in one Supreme God.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 23

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 23, has said that the time in which the Yogis (bhakts) who give up their bodies are not reborn and in which those who die are reborn, I will tell that.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verses 24 to 26

It is mentioned in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 24 to 26 that a day is formed of the quality of light of the element fire, which is known as Shukl Paksh (because of light) day. This is of six months’ duration. Similarly, another is Krishna Paksh; this is also of a duration of six months. One who dies in Shukla Paksha, that devotee (yogi) is not reborn. He goes to Kaal lok (Brahmlok) for some time. After a long time when destruction occurs, then comes in the form of a living being. On the other hand, those devotees who die (give up the body) in Krishna Paksha (of six months duration), after finishing their virtuous earnings in Heaven for some time, return soon. But both the paths are inferior.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 27, 28

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 27, 28, it is said that those who are fully knowledgeable, they by abandoning both the paths, which is the sadhana prescribed in the Vedas, in me, the immemorial Kaal, taking refuge of that Aadinaam (Satnaam) which is the ancient (of long ago) path, go to the supreme place (Satlok) in the first time only; which means a seeker who after obtaining updesh (spiritual instruction) of the three mantras (in which one mantra is OM and Tat - Sat are indicative) from the Tatvadarshi sant abandons all the religious acts of devotion of Kaal i.e. Jaap of ‘OM’ Naam and the earnings of the five Yagyas in Kaal, goes to Satyalok. Its description is also in holy Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 66 that ‘Arjun, abandoning all of my religious practices in me, you may go in the refuge of only that Almighty God, then I will make you debt-free i.e. will liberate you from all sins.

Special: Gita Chapter 8 Verse 27–28 means that the knowledge about the two Lords (Brahm and Purna Brahm) is stated in the aforesaid Verses 1 to 26. The wise person is not fascinated by knowing the benefits of salvation from both of those Lords, that is, he is not deceived by worshiping Kaal. That is why it is said that you should make up your mind to do devotion to that complete God.

Knowing the true spiritual knowledge, knowing the secret of the above knowledge, the seeker only tries to attain the complete God and does not remain dependent on the benefit from the spiritual practice described in the Vedas. He gains benefit beyond what is mentioned in the four Vedas (Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, and Atharvaveda) means as is described in the SwasamVeda. For him, the virtues gained by the spiritual practice of Vedas {charity, penance (Gita Chapter 17 Verses 14 to 16, states there are three types of austerity) and through Yajna} instead of attaining worldly benefits he renounces those in Brahm; for the attainment of complete God. Because Heaven is attained based on virtues obtained by the devotional method described in the Vedas. After when the virtues are finished; based on sins, once again has to suffer. 

The cycle of birth-death and Heaven-Hell does not end with the spiritual practice described in the Vedas and Gita Chapter 9 Verse 20-21. In Verses 48 and 53 of the Gita Chapter 11, it is said that ‘I cannot be attained from the spiritual practice described in the Vedas. In Chapter 11 Verse 54, Kaal Brahm has said to enter in him itself and not for attaining salvation, just as the giver of the knowledge of Gita; in the form of Kaal eats one-lakh subtle human bodies daily.

The eye witness Arjuna is telling in Chapter 11 Verse 21, that you are even eating those groups of sages and deities who glorify you through Ved mantra. All of them are entering in you. Some are hanging in your teeth. About this; it is said in Verse 54. The meaning of Verse 55 is also the same that my seekers receive me. They remain in my trap. For that, in the Gita Chapter 8 Verse 28, it is said that through the way of worship told by the complete saint (enlightened saint), the seeker does not destroy the reward of spiritual practice mentioned in the Vedas by going to Heaven, etc. rather utilizes to attain the complete God. One attains complete salvation by sacrificing the devotional earnings of the Vedas (chanting the OM name, the reward of the five Yajnas) in Brahm, attains complete God due to which one attains complete salvation. The same proof is told in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 66, ‘O Arjuna, renounce all religious worship of my level in me and go (Vraj) in the shelter of that one (unique) Almighty God. Then I will set you free from all sins. Because the debt of Kaal is ended by giving up the virtues obtained from the earnings by chanting names those were otherwise; to be suffered as a result of the sins. Hence, one gets freedom from the trap of Kaal.

Conclusion: In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 the identity of Param Akshar Brahm/Satpurush; the imperishable God has been described as who is other than Kshar Purush and Akshar Purush (Mortal). It is stated that the worshipper of Kaal goes to Kaal and the worshipper of Purna Brahm attains Purna Brahm. His information is told by a Tatvadarshi Saint. The seekers who do Jaap of the ‘OM’ mantra only attain Jyoti Niranjan/Brahm Kaal. To attain Param Akshar Brahm Jaap of three mantras, OM-Tat-Sat (Indicative) is told in Gita Adhyay 17 Shlok 23. It is stated that the happiness attained by the devotee by attaining Brahm is short-lived whereas that of Satpurush is everlasting. A detailed description of the great destruction (Holocaust) has also been stated which makes clear that 21 universes of Brahm Kaal along with him and seven Sankh (Quadrillion) Brahmands of Akshar Purush are subject to destruction. Param Akshar Brahm is immortal and is the Savior. Only He can liberate trapped souls from the web of Brahm Kaal. Hence, it is called Bandi Chod. The description of the age of all the gods including Brahma, Vishnu, Shiv, Kshar Purush, and Akshar Purush is also provided. There is evidence of the Supreme Abode Satlok where Param Akshar Purush resides who is attained by undivided bhakti. The above explanation of all Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 has been done by the great Tatvadarshi Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj.