Saint Rampal Ji Maharaj has done a translation of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 in which Brahm Kaal delivers superior knowledge. The achievement by the worship of three Gunas has been stated who bind the soul in the body and do not let them liberate. Hence, their practice should be abandoned and Purna Parmatma should be worshipped who is the provider of salvation.
Translation of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 1: The giver of the knowledge of Gita has said that (Gyananam’) even among all knowledge (uttamm’ tat’) that best (param’) supreme (gyanm’) knowledge (bhooyH) again (prvakshyami) I shall state (yat’) which (gyaatva) knowing (sarve) all (munayH) sages (itH) by being liberated from this world (paraam’) supreme (siddhim’) achievement/salvation/spiritual success (gataaH) have attained.
Meaning: The giver of the knowledge of Gita in Chapter 9 Verse 1-3 has given the superior knowledge till Brahm; means till his level and has told himself to be the King of all knowledge. In this Verse 1-2 of Chapter 14, he has said ‘I shall again state that supreme knowledge, the best among all knowledge, knowing which all the sages by being liberated from this world have attained the supreme achievement/salvation/ spiritual success (siddhi).
Translation of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 2:- (Idam’) this (gyaanm’) knowledge (upaashritya) by taking refuge of i.e. following (mm) my (saadharmyam’) similar qualities (aagataaH) devotees who have acquired (sarge) in the beginning of creation (na upjaayante) are not born (ch) and (prlaye) at the time of destruction (api) also (na vyathanti) are not disturbed.
Meaning: The giver of the knowledge of Gita says that seekers attain ‘Parasiddhi’ by knowing the exclusive knowledge. It has been said in Sukshma Veda that ‘Parasiddhi Purna patrani Amarlok ki kahun nishani’ means Parasiddhi is in Satlok. Attaining that the seeker gets an immortal body in the eternal world. He becomes righteous similar to the immortal God due to which he is liberated from birth-death. The seeker dependent on that knowledge attains complete salvation.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 1, 2, God (Brahm) is saying that ‘O Arjun! I shall again impart the superior most knowledge among all the knowledge, knowing which all devout souls (sages) have attained this (which has been explained in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 13 Verse 34) (Param siddhi) supreme perfection (supreme salvation). (Because those who acquire complete knowledge, do bhakti by adopting the path to the Supreme God. They do bhakti of the Purna Parmatma-SatPurush which is above the sadhana of Brahm (Kaal), Brahma, Vishnu, Shiv, and gods-goddesses. Therefore, they go to the supreme abode (Satlok).) That worshipper of the Purna Brahm endowed with the qualities of a saint acquires power similar to God i.e. becomes equivalent to Brahm and acquires the nature of doing true bhakti of Purna Brahm. He does not do the sadhana of other Gods.
Garib, Anant koti Brahma hue, Anant koti hue Ish (Brahm) |
Saheb teri bandage (Bhakti) se, Jeev ho Jave Jagdish (Brahm) ||
Meaning: The seekers who take name initiation from the enlightened saint and do devotion; become powerful like the gods (Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiv) of Kaal Brahm. Those Jeev become equal to Jagdish here. If they wish to destroy their devotional earnings by blessing then they can provide many benefits to their worshippers and can become famous gods.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 3 – ‘O Arjun! My Prakriti is the Yoni (womb) and (Aham Brahm) I, Brahm (Kaal) fertilize the egg in her. All living beings are produced as a result of it.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 4, has said that ‘O Arjun! The living beings who take birth in all the species of life (wombs), Prakriti is their mother who conceives them and I, Brahm (Kaal) am the seed giving father.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 5, has said ‘O Arjun! Satvagun (Vishnu), Rajogun (Brahma), and Tamogun (Shiv), these three Gunas born of Prakriti (Durga) bind the immortal soul to body i.e. are obstacles to complete liberation.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 6, has said that of those three Gunas, Satgun (Vishnu), because of being pure is illuminating (a fake Anami Lok formed by Kaal), and binds the soul with happiness-giving knowledge. Do not let it escape/get across. Puts it in 84 lakh births.
I explained the creation of God Kaal and the pain inflicted by him in the 84 lakh births and the consumption of one lakh human beings daily by Kaal to a very sentimental devout soul and explained the onward path to Satlok (supreme salvation). Told him that Kaal will eat you and all the gods. On this, that devout soul said that I will certainly not go to Satlok. Because if I will go to Satlok then who will satisfy God’s appetite? Here, that person is dominated by Satgun-Vishnu which became an obstacle to his true path. Without discretion, a Satguni, despite being a noble soul, is not able to escape from Kaal’s trap.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 7, has said that ‘O Arjun! Passion-like Rajogun (Brahma) also keeps the soul bound to action and the desire of enjoyment of its result i.e. does not let it become free. Because of worldly pleasures, overpowered by the desire to enjoy without any restraint, is unable to escape from Kaal’s trap.
Once, Markande Rishi said to Indra Ji (King of Heaven), “Do you even know that after enjoying the term of Indra, you will go into the womb of a donkey. Therefore, abandoning this kingdom of Indra, do the bhajan of Brahm. You will get rid of the 84 lakh births''. On this, Indra Ji said, “Will see some other time. Let me enjoy now, Rishi Ji.”
Please note: - When will one see? After becoming a donkey? Only the potter will see the donkey then. One quintal weight on the waist and above that will hit with a stick. Despite knowing, a living being overpowered by Rajogun is unable to escape from Kaal’s trap.
Translation of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 8: ‘O Arjun! Know the Tamogun, which deludes all the embodied beings, to be born of ignorance. It binds this soul to lust/intoxication, laziness, and sleep.
(Lankapati) Master of Lanka, King Ravana did arduous sadhana and bhakti of God Shiv (Tamgun). He even offered his body by cutting it. In return, God Shiv granted ten heads and twenty arms to Ravana. When Shri Ram killed Ravan, he cut his head ten times. As a result of Ravan’s bhakti, ten times he received the head back, which means, he did not die even after having cut the head ten times. Every time he used to get a new head. But his Tamogun (arrogance) did not finish. As a result of which he became so ignorant (blind) that he abducted his own mother (Mother of the world), Sita. Tamogun seized his wisdom and he underwent utter destruction. This is the result of the sadhana of Tamogun (Shiv Shankar). In Gita Ji, God Brahm (Kaal) intends to convey that even by bhakti of these three Gunas, a living being cannot get across. My (Brahm) sadhana is better than this, but it also does not render complete liberation. God Brahm (Kaal) has himself called it inferior salvation in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Verse 18.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 9, has said that ‘O Arjun (Bharat)! Satgun binds one to happiness and Rajogun to action and Tamogun, veiling the knowledge, engages one in wrongdoings (opposite path).
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 10 to 17, has said that one Guna suppressing the other, maintains its influence on the living being.
One gentleman, overpowered by Satgun-Vishnu, brought an anonymous (who had no relative) patient home (Satgun was in excess and other Gunas were suppressed) saying that I will take care of you, and will also offer you treatment. You may consider me as your son. Having brought him home, overpowered by Satgun-Vishnu (the other two Gunas repressed), got new clothes stitched for that man and started his treatment. One day, that patient spat on his chips floor. That day he threw that patient out of his house. At that time, Tamogun had risen and the other two Gunas were repressed.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 18, it is stated that one who is situated in Satgun (i.e. a worshipper of Vishnu) goes to higher loks like heaven, etc. Then goes to birth-death, hell, and 84 lakh births. A worshipper of Rajgun (worshipper of Brahma) after obtaining one or more birth of a human being in the world of men (mortal world – Earth) then goes to hell and in births of 84 lakh species of life. One, dominated by Tamgun (worshipper of Shiv) straight away descends to hell and 84 lakh births.
Translation of Gita Chapter 14 Verse 19: (Yadaa) when (drshta) a discerning devotee (gunebhyaH) other than the three Gunas – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiv (anyam’) anyone else (kartaarm’) God (na) not (anupashyati) sees (saH) he (ch) and (gunebhyaH) the three Gunas i.e. Rajgun-Brahma, Satgun-Vishnu, and Tamgun-Shiv Ji (param’) the Purna Parmatma other than (vetti) knows in essence (mad’bhaavam’) viewpoints, in accordance with my opinion (adhigachchhati) attains.
Meaning: Kaal Brahm has clarified that a discerning devotee who does not have complete knowledge, also does not know anyone beyond Shri Brahma Rajogun, Shri Vishnu Satogun, and Shri Shiva Tamogun to be the creator. If he gets to know about some divine supreme power (Parmatma) from the enlightened saint then considering me Param Akshar Brahm attains me; means he remains in my trap.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 19, it is mentioned that after understanding this entire knowledge, in essence, a discerning devotee does not perceive the three Gunas (Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva) as the doer. With a special perspective, perceives Param Akshar Brahm as superior to these Gunas as the doer. He attains the Matavlambi nature i.e. the devotee is a follower of the opinion (viewpoints) mentioned in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 13. He is known as (mad'bhavam') Mat-Bhavam' (Brahm has explained his opinion in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 3 Verse no. 31, 32) and remains in my trap.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 20, it is stated that that soul considers the Gunas as the cause (the root of suffering) of this body’s birth i.e. birth-death and transcending the three Gunas i.e. abandoning the bhakti of Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh, becoming free from birth-death, old age and all the miseries (attaining complete liberation, the Complete God/Purna Parmatma) attains the supreme happiness.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 21, Arjun inquires that ‘O Lord! What are the characteristics of a bhakt who transcends these three Gunas? What is his conduct? How does he transcend (is beyond) these three Gunas (Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva)?
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 22 to 25, it is mentioned that a bhakt who, on hearing the glorious praises of a god, is not attracted towards him because he has acquired complete knowledge that this God (guna) only has this much glory which is not sufficient for the deliverance of a living being. Like, God Krishna (Vishnu-Satgun) killed Kans, Keshi, Shishupal, etc, and gave wealth to Sudama. It is not sufficient for the well-being of an ordinary living being. Because the worshipper of God Vishnu (Satgun) can only go to superior loks like Heaven, etc. But the crisis of 84 lakh births will prevail. Therefore, that devotee keeps his thoughts steady and does not change his nature out of affection and neither is hostile towards those gods (Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva), nor desires for them. He is acquainted with their powers and considers them up to that level and unmoved and constant remains engrossed in the God who is even beyond these and remains balanced in joy-sorrow, mud-gold, pleasant-unpleasant, and criticism-praise. He considers honor-dishonor, fried-foe to be the same and first of all gives up arrogance. He (bhakt) is said to have transcended the Gunas.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 26, it is said that – And one who (bhakt) practices unadulterous bhakti Yog i.e. only does sadhana of one God (abandoning the worship of other gods-goddesses, ghosts-pitras and Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiv), that soul is adulterous. Like, if a woman beside her husband keeps the company of other men, then she is known as an adulterous woman, who did not stick to her husband. Therefore, adulterous bhakts are those who are not based on one God. Those who practice devotion with an undeviated mind (with the desire of only one God) and who remain based on one God, are said to be practicing unadulterous devotion.
Such a devotee only worships me (Kaal-Brahm, by one syllable OM mantra). A devotee who abandoning the bhakti of the three Gunas (Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiv) only worships Kaal (Brahm) with an undeviated mind by only ‘OM’ mantra, that devotee becomes worthy of attaining that Purna Parmatma (Param Akshar Brahm, Eternal God), because in the devotion to attain Purna Parmatma amongst the three Naam- ‘OM is the first Naam.
Garib Dass Ji states –
Naama chheepa Om taari, pichhe SohM bhed bichaari |
Saar shabd paaya jad loii, aavaagaman bahur na hoii ||
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 27, Brahm-Kaal is saying that ‘I only am the first stage (pratishtha) of the Purna Parmatma’s imperishable nectar, eternal worship, and indestructible and constant happiness. This Kaal only gives way to a bhakt who is a worshipper of Satnam by bending his head down. Then the Kabir Hans (soul) by stepping on Kaal's head goes to Satlok. Kaal said to Kabir Sahib that –
“Jo bhi bhakt hovae tumhaara | mum sir pag de hovae paara ||”.
In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 23 the three-word mantra ‘OM-Tat-Sat’ to attain Purna Parmatma has been told
1. Kshar Kaal Brahm. His mantra is ‘OM’
2. Akshar ie. ParBrahm. His mantra is ‘Tat’ (indicative)
3. Param Akshar Brahm i.e. Purna Brahm. His mantra is ‘Sat’ (indicative)
The First rank i.e. stage is Brahm. After crossing the Brahm lok, comes the lok of ParBrahm (Akshar Purush). When the worshipper Hans of Kabir Sahib goes to Satlok, then the first stage is to cross Kaal-Brahm’s lok. Even this first stage is only possible when he does Jaap of ‘OM’ mantra keeping the miseries of Kaal in mind. Like, in Satnaam (the mantra of Kshar Brahm is OM and the mantra of Akshar Purush, ParBrahm is 'Tat' - coded mantra) the Jaap of both the mantras is done through breaths. The practice of Jaap (recitation) of OM mantra after taking it from a Complete Saint makes one free from the debt of Kaal. Then Kaal (Brahm) gives a passage from his boundary (twenty-one brahmands) into ParBrahm’s lok by allowing him to step on his head. Because a devout soul who also has Saarnaam along with Satnaam and who remains in Gurudev Ji’s refuge until last breath, he develops so much power of bhakti that Kaal (Kshar Brahm – Jyoti Niranjan) becomes helpless and bows before that Hans. Then that bhakt by stepping on his head goes to ParBrahm’s lok. This is the first stage.
The second stage is to cross ParBrahm i.e. Akshar Purush’s lok. For that, the Jaap of Akshar Purush is ‘Tat’ (coded) mantra. If with this, one does not get Saarnaam then also it is incomplete. Saarnaam is given after a lot of practice of Jaap of ‘Tat’ mantra. ParBrahm’s lok is crossed by the power of the earnings of the practice of Jaap of Saarnaam. Because by the practice (earnings) of Jaap of ‘Tat’ mantra one becomes free from the debt of ParBrahm. After crossing the lok of Akshar Purush even the ‘Tat’ mantra does not exist. Then there is Jaap of only Saarnaam by Surati-Nirati. One who has obtained Saarshabd from Guru Ji, that Hans endowed with Saarshabd, based on the sound produced from the earnings of that Shabd, goes to his correct place in Satlok (the sound which is heard in the body is Kaal’s web only). This is the third stage (position). The completely liberated Hans live here.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 27, Brahm (Jyoti Niranjan) has stated that ‘I (Kaal) only am the stage in making one attain the true happiness of that Purna Parmatma. In simple words, the readers should understand this as, for eg, if one has to get one domicile (certificate) made, then his first stage is Registrar. The Registrar gives in writing that the concerned person is a resident of this region or village, but one who makes the domicile is some other higher official. Likewise, Kaal God is the first stage in attaining the Purna Parmatma.
Conclusion: The above explanation of all Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 has been done by great Tatvadarshi Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj. In this chapter, the information on superior knowledge has been given by Brahm Kaal. It is stated that all living beings and Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva are born from the union of Brahm Kaal and Prakriti Durga who binds the soul to the body; means do not let a soul get liberated. The achievement by the worship of Rajogun Brahma, Tamogun Shiv, and Satogun Vishnu has also been told who are not the doer. Hence, one should abandon their practice and worship Purna Parmatma. Certain characteristics of a devotee who rises above the devotion of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiv have been mentioned also it is stated that the benefit of the worship of Brahm Kaal is only obtained after abandoning the devotion of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, and gods-goddesses. This chapter explains- how do Brahm Kaal cooperate in the attainment of Purna Parmatma?. The above explanation of all Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 has been done by great Tatvadarshi Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj.