Summary of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 by Jagat Guru Rampal Ji

Translation of Gita Chapter 11 by Sant Rampal Ji

Main Verses of Srimad Bhagavad Gita Ji Chapter 11

Saint Rampal Ji Maharaj has done a translation of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 where Brahm Kaal on the request of Arjun shows his ghastly scary form where he was seen eating all human beings and tells ‘I am enlarged Kaal’. I have appeared to eat everyone. I can only be attained with undivided attention. It has been stated that salvation of the soul is only possible by doing true devotion obtained from a Tatvadarshi Saint.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 1-4

Arjun’s Request to Know the Reality about God

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 1 to 4, Arjun asks that I have not properly understood your state that you have described in numerous ways because my intellect is low. The fact that I used to consider you as my brother-in-law, that delusion has also been dispelled; because Arjun had become frightened that someone else is speaking. Therefore, Arjun said ‘Your grandeur is endless. What are you in reality? Please reveal your actual imperishable form.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 5-8

Grant of Divine Vision to Arjun by God (Kaal) and Exhibition of his Actual Kaal Form

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 5 to 8, God (Kaal) is stating that (Arjun) you cannot see that form with these eyes. Therefore, I shall grant divine vision to you. Now behold. Saying this God (Kaal) revealed his actual Kaal form and said that now see what place everything has in my body.

Please ponder: - Just as programs can be seen on every television (T.V.), likewise, the whole description of a brahmand can be seen in the body of every human being – god, etc.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 9-14

Description of Kaal’s Form by Sanjay

Description of the universal form (Kaal form) by Sanjay is mentioned in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 9 to 14: Arjun saw the boundless form (Viraat) of Kaal possessing many eyes, many mouths, and many hands with weapons. Arjun saw him in such an effulgent body as if a thousand suns had arisen all at once in the sky. Seeing all this Arjun said to Kaal God in amazement and delight.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 21

An Eye-witnessed Account of Kaal’s Form by Arjun

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 21, Arjun is giving an eye-witnessed account that those hosts of gods are fearfully entering into you. Some in fear, with folded hands, are chanting (singing praises of) your qualities; the hosts of sages and siddhs (perfected ones) are saying, “Kalyan Ho! (May there be auspiciousness!)”, and are praying to you by chanting auspicious hymns; which means you are also eating your worshippers. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 15-30

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 15 to 30, Arjun is saying that ‘O God! I am seeing hosts of all gods and living beings and Brahma on a lotus and all sages in your body. And I see you with many arms, stomachs, faces, and eyes. But I am not seeing any beginning or end of this and am seeing this fearsome appearance of yours.

Others are looking at you in amazement and are getting anxious. Even I (Arjun) am getting anxious. Because ‘O Vishno! I am terrified of seeing your dreadful appearance. I am unable to stay calm and composed and all those souls of Dhritarashtra and hosts of kings are entering into you. Some are rushing into your mouth with great speed and some are being crushed between your teeth; some are seen trapped in between the teeth, and as the rivers fall into the ocean, similarly, the warriors of the Earth are entering into you. As moths rush into a blazing fire, similarly, all the living beings (gods-sages-siddhs-along with common men) are rushing into your mouth and you are eating all the loks (Brahma-lok, Vishnu-lok, Shiv-lok, and all the fourteen loks) and are licking them again and again. The fire of your body is scorching the whole universe.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 31

Arjun Asks that Who are You in Reality?

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 31, Arjun asks that ‘O best of gods, one with the fierce form! I bow down to you. Please tell me who you are in reality? I very much want to know this.

Note: Remember that Shri Krishna’s sister Subhadra was married to Arjuna. With this relation, Shri Krishna was the brother-in-law of Arjuna. Arjun is asking ‘Who are you? This is to ponder whether the person asks his brother-in-law; who you are? With this, it is proved that Kaal Brahm had shown the ‘Virat’ (huge) form. He disappeared Shri Krishna for some time. With this, it has also been proved that Kaal has narrated Gita’s knowledge who in Gita Chapter 11 Verse 32 is saying that ‘I am Kaal. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 32-46 

Giver of the knowledge of Gita Describes Himself as Kaal

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 32, Kaal God is saying that I am the enlarged Kaal, the destroyer of the loks/worlds. I have come (appeared) at this time to destroy the worlds/loks. Even without you, these warriors arrayed in the opponent’s army will not survive i.e. I will eat them. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 33, 34

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 33, 34 has said that therefore, you stand up; attain fame by conquering the enemies, enjoy the kingdom rich in wealth and food. All these have already been killed by me. Arjun (savyasachin – because of possessing the skill to operate bow with his left hand as well, Arjun was known as Savyasachi), you just become an instrument. You will surely conquer the enemies. Fight. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 35

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 35, the trembling Arjun fearfully offering obeisances with folded hands, spoke to God Krishna (because Arjun was thinking that this is Krishna but that was Kaal) in a flattering voice.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 36 -H3 

 In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 36 ‘O Omniscient God! The terrified demons are fleeing in all directions. The hosts of siddhs/ the perfected ones are bowing to you. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 37, 38

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 37, 38 Arjun is saying that ‘O great soul, even the originator of Brahma! Why should they not salute you? O Jagannivas (refuge of the universe)! You are the Akshar even beyond the sat and asat eternal and temporary/ being and the non-being (terrified Arjun is calling Kaal as everything). 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 39

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 39, Arjun is saying that you only are the father of Brahma (i.e. Kaal only is the father of Brahma); repeated salutations to you. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 40-44

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 from Verse 40 to 44, Arjun is saying that I have committed a mistake that I have rashly addressed you by name as O Krishna, O Yadav, O friend i.e. brother-in-law, and by saying so disrespected you in front of ordinary friends. Please forgive me. You are the greatest teacher (guru). Nobody is greater than you. I bow before you and pray to you, God. Please forgive me. You are the one who tolerates all our offenses. Arjun is saying all these words out of fear. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 45

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 45, Arjun is saying that I am delighted to see this Viraat (Kaal) form of yours, which was never seen before, and my mind is also very much perturbed with fear. Please show me that godly form. O God of gods (Devesh)! O Devesh! O Jagannivas! Please be pleased. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 46

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 46, Arjun is saying that I wish to see you as before, adorned with a crown, holding a mace and discus in hand. ‘O one with the universal form! Thousand-armed! Please appear again in that four-armed form. 

With this, it has also been proved that the giver of the knowledge of Gita has a thousand arms. The one with four arms can make two arms, but not a thousand. The one with a thousand arms can make four-arms, two-arms. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 47 

It is Impossible to Attain Brahm (Kaal) God

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 47, Kaal God is saying that ‘O Arjun! Being pleased with you, I have shown this boundless Viraat (Aadi Kaal) form of mine to you, which no one else except you has seen before.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 47-48

In Verse 47, God Kaal has said that ‘O Arjun! Being pleased with you, I have shown through the power of my Yog, this supremely effulgent, the Primeval and boundless Viraat form of mine to you, which no one else other than you had seen before. 

In Verse 48, has said that ‘O Arjun! Neither by the study of Vedas i.e by doing sadhana according to the prescriptions of Vedas, nor by Yagyas, nor by charity, nor by rituals, and nor by severe penances, can I be seen in this way (in universal form) in the world of men by anyone else except you; which means I (Kaal is saying) cannot be attained by anyone by any way of worship.

Please ponder: God Kaal (Brahm) clarifies that my attainment is impossible. There is evidence available in Mahabharat that when God Krishna had gone to cause conciliation between the Kauravs and Pandavs, then Duryodhan had disrespected him. Then Sri Krishna Ji had displayed the Viraat form. And now is saying here that Arjun, no one else except you has seen my Viraat form before. Hence, proved that Kaal had displayed this form. And in Mahabharat, Sri Krishna Ji had shown that form. Therefore, Sri Krishna Ji has not narrated Gita, this was narrated by Kaal. There was a significant difference between both the Viraat forms, and if we think carefully then Sanjay is also seeing the Viraat form with his own eyes and describing it to Dhritarashtra. Then to say that it cannot be seen by anyone except you, only proves this that Kaal God has delivered the knowledge of Gita and not Sri Krishna Ji.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 49

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 49, God is saying that ‘Arjun, do not be afraid like fools on seeing this dreadful form. Shedding all your fears, behold that (four-armed) form again. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 50

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 50, Sanjay is saying that then God assumed his human (Krishna) form and consoled the frightened Arjun. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 51

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 51, Arjun has said that ‘O Janardan! Seeing you earlier in the four-armed form and now in human form, I have regained my (fearless) natural state.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 52, 53

Even the Sight of Kaal in Four-armed MahaVishnu Form – Not Possible by Vedas, Austerity, Charity, Yagya, etc; Only by Undivided Devotion

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 52, 53, God (Kaal) is saying that this form (four-armed form) of mine which you have seen is extremely difficult to be seen. Even the gods are always longing to obtain a sight of this form. Even this four-armed form cannot be seen by the methods mentioned in Vedas, or by austerity, or charity, or Yagya; which means the sight of this Chaturbhuj (four-armed) form is absolutely impossible. Because Kaal God lives in Brahm lok in MahaVishnu from in Four-armed form. Only by reaching there can one see Kaal in four-armed form. The place in Brahm lok where Kaal (Brahm) lives in three secret places in MahaBrahma, MahaVishnu, and MahaShiv form, one cannot go to that place by the methods mentioned in Vedas. One can only go to the Great Heaven (MahaSwarg) built-in Brahm lok (evidence is in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9 Verse 20-21). Therefore, has said that it is very difficult to see this four-armed form of mine but this form can be seen only by doing undivided devotion i.e. by worshipping only one God (Kaal) by abandoning the sadhana of other gods-goddesses and Brahma-Vishnu-Shiv (the three Gunas – Raj, Sat, and Tam). Only the worshippers of Jyoti Niranjan can see Kaal that also only in the four-armed form in Great Heaven (Brahm lok). The Viraat form which is the actual form of Kaal God cannot be seen by any way of worship.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 54

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 54, has said that even this four-armed form (which can neither be seen by Vedas, nor charity, nor austerity, nor rituals) of mine can be attained by only undivided devotion by him who knows me (my glory) in essence. The purport is that Arjun had known in essence that Kaal God is a very strong power. There is no option other than him. He only is making all the living beings dance. Then with fear and special love was looking at that four-armed form and appearance of a Mahatma (the four-armed godly appearance) with special faith (with undivided attention by being attracted to only one God Kaal). At that time, Kaal God says that this four-armed (MahaVishnu) form of mine can also be seen only by undivided attention.

The giver of the knowledge of Gita; God Kaal is saying the seeker who does my devotion with undivided attention according to my opinion can see me in this Kaal form and Chaturbhuj (four-armed) form only when I eat them. They enter in me. Else cannot have my audience by any activity or Jap-Tap-Yagya, etc which has been told by me in Vedas. Like, in Gita Chapter 11 Verse 21, Arjun is describing as seeing through eyes that ‘O God! those sages and deities and the host of perfect ones (siddhs) who are worshipping you by chanting auspicious Veda mantras; you are eating all of them. They are getting scared by seeing this Kaal-form of yours. The same evidence is here in Gita Chapter 11 Verse 54, that my seeker remains in my trap. The giver of the knowledge of Gita has described his way of worship in Vedas. Yajurveda Chapter 40 Mantra 15 and the knowledge of Vedas has been summarized in Srimad Bhagavad Gita. It has been said in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 13, and Gita Chapter 3 Verse 10-13, that mine is only one word OM and Yagya. One who practices with an undivided mind considering me the venerable; attains me. This is called unique bhakti. With this, Salvation cannot be attained. Neither, can there be an audience of Kaal God. Only after death when this Kaal God eats one-lakh subtle human bodies at that time, he shows his huge form. At times, in four-armed Vishnu form. Its description is in Gita Chapter 11 Verse 54. The exclusive devotee of Kaal Brahm gets the audience of this four-armed Mahavishnu form only in Brahmlok which even gods also cannot see. 

One of the translators of Gita has written that my same Viraat form cannot be seen and attained by Vedas, by austerity, by Charity, and by rituals, but can be seen with an undivided mind, which is not correct. Because the sadhana is explained in Vedas; except that, all practice is against scriptures which have been forbidden in Gita Chapter 16 Verse 23 and the description of Viraat form has ended in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 47, 48. Kaal God is saying that neither has anyone except you seen this Viraat form of mine before nor can it be seen by anyone except you in the future. When Arjun, frightened of the Kaal form, says that (in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 46, 47) ‘O one with universal form (Vishwaroop)! ‘O thousand-armed (Sahastrabahu)! Please again appear in that four-armed (Chaturbhuj) form of yours with mace and discus in your hand. Then in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 49, has said that do not be frightened of this dreadful appearance of mine. Again behold my same (Vishnu) composed appearance. If it is a dreadful appearance then what is the need to say to see it again/ Arjun was already seeing it. Then in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 50, has said that saying this God Vasudev displayed his same Mahatma form (the four-armed godly appearance which Arjun wanted to see) and then assuming the human (Krishna) form, God said that this four-armed form which I have shown you, the gods long to see even this.

Then, in this, has not said that no one else except you has seen this before. Because the devotees of Trilokiye (of the three loks/worlds) Vishnu, who do Jaap of only one Vishnu with undivided attention and attain temporary liberation, can see the four-armed form of Vishnu in Vishnu lok. An ordinary demigod-devotee has seen the Vishnu form. The Vishnu form that he showed to Arjun and said that those who know me in essence i.e. know my great heaven and the glory of Mahavishnu form, only those can attain me by doing devotion with an undivided mind. By Yagya, through Vedas, by austerity, and by charity, they cannot even attain that. They only go to heaven and hell etc. {For evidence, Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9 Verse 20, 21} At that time, when Kaal God appeared in the four-armed form, that radiance was much more than that of Sri Vishnu Ji (the Trilokiye Vishnu Ji, of whom Sri Krishna is an incarnation). Because Kaal has one thousand kalaas (skills) and Sri Vishnu Ji (Krishna) has only 16 kalaas (skills). Like, if there is a tube of 16 watts and another of a one thousand watt. Both appear to be tubes. But there is a whole world of difference in their lights. It is evident from this that even the sadhana of Kaal (Brahm) can only be accomplished by obtaining one ‘OM’ mantra from a Guru Ji and doing undivided bhakti (forgetting gods-goddesses, Mai-Masaani, Sed-Sheetla, Bhairon-ghosts, Hanuman and by remaining loyal to only one God and doing an adulterous bhakti). Then that devotee endowed with exclusive devotion by the grace of God Kaal can obtain a sight of his four-armed form in Brahmlok, where he (Kaal) has created another Vishnu lok by making a Satgun-dominant area. There is evidence in Ramayan that Tulsi Das Ji says that –

Kaliyug keval naam adhaara |
sumir sumir nar utro paara ||

Kabir Sahib states that –

Kabir, kaliyug mein jeevan thoda hai, karle beg sambhaar |
Yog sadhna nahin ban sakae, keval naam aadhaar ||

Sant Garibdas has told the knowledge of God Kabir that the readers of the Vedas who do not primarily chant the name OM, in addition, recite the Vedas, perform sacrifices, austerities, charity, etc. or perform other actions as described in the Vedas cannot even see the four-armed (Mahavishnu) form of Kaal God. That is, they do not even attain Brahmalok. Those seekers go to heaven or heaven made in Vishnulok. The exclusive devotion to Brahm is done from the word OM. No other word is added along with it. Like, Hari OM, etc. Brahmalok is not attained by mere performing Yagya etc. The seeds in the form of chanting OM Mantra are grown and cooked by the use of manure and water in the form of Yagya. By which one attains the Brahm i.e. attainment of Brahmalok. Where Brahm resides in the form of ‘Chaturbhuj’ (four-armed) in the form of Mahavishnu. That sadhana is successful by getting it from a Tatvadarshi saint. The chanting of OM, knowing only one Brahm as its favored form, is called exclusive devotion. This leads to the attainment of Brahmalok. But after death, the seeker of Brahm definitely goes to Tapatshila. Thereafter, one attains Brahmalok according to his karma. Then after the Mahakalpa, again takes birth in other species on earth. Complete salvation is not attained. 

Saint Garibdas Ji has said:-

Rig, Yaju, Sam, Atharva bhashe jamein naam mool nahin rakhe | 

There is evidence in Ramayana, Tulsidas Ji says that

Kaliyug kewal naam adhara | Sumir sumir nar utro para || 

God Kabir Saheb tells that-

Kabir, Kalyug mein jeevan thoda hai, karle beg sambhaar |
Yog sadhana naheen ban sake, kewal naam adhara ||

Hence proved that one can achieve liberation (Mukti) only by Naam and not by other Sadhanas

Many devotees and saints say that the meaning of bhakti (devotion) with the undivided mind (attention) is that one should do bhakti by giving up love-hatred, lust, and anger. One does bhakti to eradicate these defects only. If these come to an end then the soul will acquire the actual flawless existence which is equivalent to God. The means of correcting these defects is – the refuge of one Naam of one God and not of other gods-goddesses.

Garib Das Ji Maharaj states that –

Aatm aur Parmatma, ekae noor jahoor |
Vich mein jhaai karm ki, taatein kahiye door ||

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 55

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 55, God Kaal is saying that ‘O Arjun! A Matavlambi devotee (worshipper) who does bhakti sadhana (karm) according to the way described by me (Matanusar) and is free from attachment, that detached bhakt of mine and free from enmity towards all living beings, comes to me. Because a devotee, who does sadhana (matanusar) i.e. according to the sadhana mentioned in Vedas (because the doctrine of Brahm sadhana is mentioned in Vedas or now in Gita Ji), is known as a superior devotee. Because those who perform other sadhana which is not per the scriptures have been called sinners and of demoniac nature. (Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Verse 12, 15Bhagavad Gita Chapter 16 Verse 23, 24) he also goes to Kaal which means remains in Kaal’s (Jyoti Niranjan) trap.

Please ponder: God is saying that only a devotee who is free from enmity can attain me and is himself saying that Arjun, fight. A fight is impossible without enmity. An important thing is that in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1 Verse 30 to 39 and 46; Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 4, 5, Arjun is free from enmity and says that I will not fight. Instead, I would prefer to live on alms. Then God’s love towards Prahlad and hostility to Hiranyakashipu is self-evident.

Readers, please think that the knowledge of Gita is correct. But to become flawless is neither under the control of Brahma nor God Vishnu because to protect God Shiv, he turned the demon Bhasmasur into ashes by making him do Gandhath dance. Here, hostility to Bhasmasur and love towards Sri Shiv are clearly visible. In the same way, attachment with Prahlad and malice with Hiranyakashyap are evident. Even Gods could not become flawless. One can only become flawless and attain the Supreme God by the method described by Kabir Sahib Ji. Its description is given in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 28, that on knowing the aforesaid mystery in essence, in the study of the Vedas and the performance of Yagyas (sacrificial ceremonies), austerities and charities, etc - that which is called as the fruit of the meritorious deeds, undoubtedly relinquishing all that in me, a worshipper, knowing the knowledge beyond the Vedas does scripture-based worship, and in the final moments attains the Supreme Lok – Satlok of the Supreme God.

Special: In this Gita Chapter 11 Verse 55 there is the word ‘MatparamH’. This means, some other superior god than me. Kaal has told ‘O Arjun! He who performs all actions towards me according to the scriptures, who is best according to my opinion, my Matavlambi devotee, is detached and free from enmity towards all the living beings, he comes to me alone; which means he comes to the great heaven built in my Brahm Lok, where sometimes this Kaal grants audience in Vishnu form. Brahm Kaal cannot be attained in the actual form. The reason is Vedas contain knowledge even of Param Akshar Brahm who is superior to Kaal Brahm, but the devotional mantras are of Brahm Kaal. Due to this reason seekers remain in the trap of Kaal.

Arjun questioned in Gita Chapter 12 Verse 1 that those devotees who worship you in the earlier mentioned way by constantly engaging in your bhajan-meditation, and those who only worship the eternal, invisible Sachchidanandghan in the most superior way, of these two types of worshippers, who is the best knower of Yog i.e. who accurately knows the method of bhakti? With this also it is proved that in this Gita Chapter 11 Verse 55 the meaning of the word ‘MatparamH’ means, there is some other superior god than me. At many places in the Gita, it has been said that this is secret knowledge. Only the enlightened saint knows. 

Conclusion: The above explanation of all Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 has been done by great Tatvadarshi Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj. Arjun asks Brahm Kaal to reveal his actual imperishable form. In response to this Brahm Kaal grants divine vision to warrior Arjun because it was impossible to see Kaal’s actual scaring form with human eyes. Finally, he shows his ghastly (Virat) form which was terrific and has been described both by Sanjay as well as Arjun where Kaal was eating all his worshippers. Then Arjun gets curious to know the real form of Brahm. Kaal reveals true identity himself saying ‘I am the enlarged Kaal, the destroyer of the worlds’. God Kaal clarifies that his attainment is impossible. The sight of even his four-armed Mahavishnu form is impossible by austerity, charity, sacrifices but can be seen only by the undivided devotion to the seeker who knows him in essence. This chapter further proves the fact that liberation is only possible by chanting true salvation mantras granted by enlightened saint. The above explanation of all Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 has been done by great Tatvadarshi Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj.