Essence of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 by Satguru Rampal Ji

Translation of Gita Chapter 17 by Sant Rampal Ji

Important Verses of Bhagavad Gita Ji Chapter 17

Saint Rampal Ji Maharaj has done a translation of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 in which the secret salvation Mantras ‘OM-Tat-Sat’ (indicative) have been told which the Tatvadarshi sant provides. There is a description of Sattvik, Rajas, and Tamas way of worship done by men with such nature. Also, there is a description of Lotus chakras present in the human body. This chapter also provides information about various Yagya and Tap.  

{Special: Before entering Gita Chapter 17, read and understand this explanation carefully. In Gita Chapter 16 Verse 1 to 5, there is a description of persons with divine nature having good conduct, but they also do spiritual practice that is against scripture. In Verses 6-9, 14-20 it has been said that those who say that there is no God or Parmeshwar in the world. It is produced by the union of the males and females. Sex is the reason for this. They destroy their lives by doing arbitrary practices by abandoning the scriptures and are to crush the main deities, me and the Supreme Lord, who are seated in the Lotus chakras formed in the human body. I repeatedly put those evil-doers in the demon's life form. 

Then in this Chapter 16 Verses 23-24, the giver of the knowledge of Gita has said:-

Translation of Chapter 16 Verse 23:- The seeker who renounces the scriptures and behaves arbitrarily on his own will i.e. chants other names apart from the sadhana mantras mentioned in the scriptures does other sadhana that is contrary to scripture, he neither attains siddhi, i.e. the power of devotion that comes from true sadhana, with the power of which the seeker goes to the eternal supreme abode, he does not get that accomplishment (siddhi), neither does he get any happiness, nor does his salvation happen, that is, it is useless to do devotion against the scriptures because to get these three benefits, the seeker worships the Supreme God. 

Translation of Gita Chapter 16 Verse 24:- Therefore, in the state of what should be done and what should not be done, Scriptures are the only evidence for you. Knowing this, only those acts should be performed, which are in accordance with the ordinances of the scriptures. In this Chapter 17, Arjuna has asked a question about those who do spiritual practice by abandoning the scriptures. Their sadhana is useless but of how many types is their faith and how is it?}.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 1 

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 1, Arjun enquires that, what is the state of those who perform sadhana (worship) opposite to the scriptures with faith? Satvik, Rajsi, or Tamsi i.e. what are the nature and conduct of the worshippers of the three Gunas (Rajgun-Brahma Ji, Satgun-Vishnu Ji, and Tamgun-Shiv Ji) and the gods-goddesses lower than these?

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 2-10

All Living Beings Do Devotion Opposed to the Injunctions of the Scriptural Method According To Their Nature

The answer of the giver of the knowledge of Gita:-

(Summary of Gita Chapter 17 Verse 2 to 10)

The giver of the knowledge of Gita has answered that ‘those who do spiritual practice by abandoning the method of scripture do practice according to their nature. All living beings are under the control of their instincts. Whatever one is from inside, he has a devotion to similar religious practices. That devotion arising from the nature of man is of three types; - Sattviki, Rajasi, and Tamasi. Listen to that dark form of ignorance.

  • People of Sattvik nature worship other gods and goddesses, and Shri Brahma Ji, Shri Vishnu Ji, Shri Shiva Ji and especially worship Vishnu Ji as venerable, which is against scriptures.
  • The people of Rajas nature worship the Yakshas and Demons and also the three above mentioned gods, but in the form of a venerable god the person who is Rajogun-dominated, worships Brahma Ji which is against the scriptures.
  • The people with Tamas nature worship the ghosts, Pitras (deceased ancestors), and all three Brahma Ji, Shri Vishnu Ji, Shri Shiv Ji, and Shiv is the venerable god of people dominated by Tamogun. Like Ravana did the worship of Lord Shiva considered venerable due to which he got entitled for Hell and those who worship lower ones ghosts and ancestors go straight to Hell. Those who do spiritual practice against the scriptures, those evil spirits give trouble to me and that God also and they are the souls of demonic nature. They like Tamas instinct food. Sattvik people like simple food like pulses, milk, Yoghurt-ghee, butter, honey, sweet fruits, etc. and Rajasi people like bitter (wine, paan (betel leaf, hookah) sour, excessively salty, excessively hot-dry, mouth-burning (chilli), etc. that are the cause of many diseases.

The Tamsi people like decayed-rotten food, tasteless, impure (meat-liquor-tobacco, etc) stale, and leftover food.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 3

Translation of Chapter 17 Verse 3, ‘O Bharat! Everyone's faith is according to their conscience. This person is reverent, so whatever reverence a man has, he, in reality, is like that.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 4

Translation of Chapter 17 Verse 4 - Satvik men worship gods like Shri Brahma Ji, Shri Vishnu Ji, Shri Shiv Ji, etc., Rajas men worship Yaksha and demons, and others who are Tamas human beings worship phantoms and ghosts and mainly consider Shri Shiva Ji as a venerable god.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 5

Translation of Chapter 17 Verse 5 – Those people who perform severe austerity devoid of scriptures and practice arbitrarily are full of hypocrisy and arrogance and also full of attachment to desire and pride of devotional power.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 6 

Those, Who Perform Sadhana Abandoning the Ordinances of the Scriptures, Cause Grief to the Gods and are Entitled to Hell

Translation of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 6: - Know the ignorants, who trouble (torture) me and the heads of the living beings (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiv, Prakriti-Aadi Maya, and Ganesh) dwelling in the body and the Purna Parmatma situated in the heart in the body who is positioned like a thread in a cloth, to be of demoniac, who do not perform sadhana according to the opinion (injunctions of the scriptures) and adopt the whimsical way of worship and conduct. In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 17 and Chapter 18 Verse 61, it has been said that Purna Parmatma is situated in a special way; in the heart of all living beings.

Important: - There are a total of nine Kamal (Lotuses) in the human body (material body), but only seven Kamal (Lotuses) are in reach of ordinary sages. Those seven shall be described here. There is the influence of different-different gods in every Lotus chakra. Like, there is broadcast from a TV channel from one place, that is, from the broadcasting centre, the same can be viewed in million Televisions. In the same way, all gods despite remaining in other places can be seen from the lotus chakras situated in the human body.  

The backbone ends near the anus. Two-finger breadth above that —

1. Mool Kamal (Chakra) – Ganesh Ji lives in this. This lotus has four petals. Then approximately two-finger breadth above the Mool Kamal, along the backbone, on the inner side is —

2. Swaad Kamal (Chakra),- in which live Brahma and Savitri. This lotus has six petals.

3. Naabhi Kamal (Chakra) – Above the Swaad Chakra, in front of the umbilicus along the backbone, is Naabhi Kamal. God Vishnu and Lakshmi live in this. It has eight petals.

4. Hridya Kamal (Chakra) – Above the Naabhi Kamal, behind the heart is a Hridya Kamal. God Shiva and Parvati live in this. This Hridya Kamal (Lotus / Chakra) has twelve petals.

5. Kanth Kamal (Chakra) – Above the Hridya Kamal is Kanth Kamal, which is near and behind the throat, stuck to the backbone. In this, lives Prakriti Devi (Mother Ashtangi / Durga). This Lotus has sixteen petals.

6. Trikuti Kamal (Chakra) – Above the Kanth Kamal is Trikuti Kamal. It has two petals (one is white and the other is black). The Purna Parmatma lives in this. Like the sun even when situated far away keeps exerting its influence on the body of every being, but is visible only with eyes. Here, we have to infer in this way. And the Purna Parmatma also lives in the inner-self with the soul. Like, a thread occupies the whole cloth and there is also another embroidery which is present only in some parts.

7. Sahansrar Kamal (Chakra) – Above the Trikuti Kamal, where one keeps a top-knot, in that place on the inner side is Sahansrar Kamal where Jyoti Niranjan (in form of light in thousand petals), Kaal (Brahm) himself lives. This lotus has one thousand petals. Therefore, it has been stated in this Verse that those with demoniac nature, who do not perform scripture-based sadhana, torture me and the chiefs of the living beings, Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Ganesh, Aadhya (Prakriti) dwelling in the body and the Purna Parmatma who lives inseparably with the soul (like smell and air). I cast them in terrible hell.

Example:- Bhakt Samman beheaded his only son Seu for his Gurudev Ji then also he did not step back. This is the Tap (austerity/penance) of a scripture-based devotee related to his body. Like, Kabir Sahib used to describe the true sadhana. He used to describe the false sadhana (of gods-goddesses, Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh, Mata Masaani, idol-worship) as incomplete and a hindrance for attaining salvation. It is a heinous sin to drink alcohol, eat meat, and consume tobacco. Hindu – Muslim, both are living beings of one God. God is not present in Mosques or Temples. God is attained within the body by taking Naam from a Complete Saint and doing scripture-based sadhana. Like, cow, buffalo, sheep, goat, or any other female mammal; milk is obtained from her body only. A female with no offspring has no milk in her body. But when that female becomes pregnant and then delivers the offspring, then milk is obtained. Similarly, when this human being obtains Naam from a Purna guru (Tatvadarshi Saint) and does sumiran and remains within the bounds of Guru Ji throughout life, then offspring of bhakti develops in him. Then he attains the benefit (milk) obtained from God. God cannot be attained anywhere else. Even though Supreme God’s power is all-pervading in invisible form, like, Sun’s light and warmth exert their influence on all places during the daytime, but the collection of energy is done by the Solar machine, that is, the power of devotion is collected in the human body by the worship of God which provides benefit. The work is done, salvation is attained.  Similarly, the Supreme God, while residing in the form in Satyalok, is also present in the house, field, temple, mosque, etc, but He is not giving any benefit to the living being. The benefit is obtained to the person who has obtained Naam from Guru.

Another example:- The purport is that the light and warmth of the sun gives benefits according to its law. In winters, it is not able to give its full warmth and for meeting its need, fire is lit, or heater and air conditioner have to be used, or warmth is obtained by wearing thick and woolen clothes. Likewise, we were obtaining the complete benefit of that Purna Parmatma in Satyalok. Now because of having come far away from that Supreme God, we have come to colder regions. To obtain some of His qualities, we will have to adopt the same means which can protect us i.e. by abandoning the ordinances of the scriptures (the above-mentioned actual means of producing warmth), there is no benefit of using other measures. (Evidence is in Holy Bhagavad Gita Chapter 16 Verse 23, 24).

When a distressed person goes to a saint (a devotee who has made God appear / God-realized saint), he becomes happy by his blessings. There, he found God in that saint i.e. that the Complete Saint/ Purna Sant granted him the means (scripture-based sadhana) for producing warmth, by which he obtained the benefits of God’s qualities because God has these same qualities. There is no order of consumption of meat, alcohol, and tobacco in any religion i.e. it is strictly prohibited. Those who worship God by cutting a goat, are not doing bhakti, rather, are becoming entitled to Hell. Infuriated by these true talks, these fake contractors of religions, the so-called Quacks, Mullas, Qazi, and Pandits caused great trouble to Kabir Sahib on his true expositions. At one time, put Him in boiling mustard oil. At another time, put him before a murderous elephant etc-etc. This is known as tap (penance/austerity) related to speech.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 7

Translation of Chapter 17 Verse 7 - Food is also liked by all according to its own nature in three ways. Similarly, there are three types of sacrifice, austerity, and charity, listen to its secret from me. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 8

Translation of Chapter 17 Verse 8 – Food that enhances age, wisdom, strength, health, happiness, and love, that remains smooth and stable, which by nature are dear to the mind, ie. food items that are Satogun-dominated and are dear to the worshipers of Vishnu, means whose worship God Vishnu like to eat the above-mentioned food.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 9

Translation of Chapter 17 Verse 9 – Bitter, sour, salty, excessively hot, pungent, dry, burning cause and suffering, anxiety, and food that cause diseases are dear to Rajoguna-dominated people i.e. whose venerable deity is Brahma, like the above-mentioned food. Because Hrinayakshipu worshipped Brahma. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 10

Translation of Chapter 17 Verse 10 – The food which is half cooked, devoid of juice, foul-smelling, stale, and unhygienic and which is also impure, that food is liked by Tamas men. Lord Shiva is the revered God of Tamogun-dominated people and they worship lower-level ghosts. They like the food mentioned above.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 11

Information About Yagya

The giver of the knowledge of Gita has told in Verse 11 that it is a duty to only perform Yagya directed by the injunctions of the scriptures- with such resolution of mind a Yagya, which is performed by those who do not desire for results, is Satvik means real Yagya.  

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 12

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 12 it has been said that the Yagya that is done for pretension and is done keeping in view the reward, understand that Yagya ie. religious sacrifice as Rajas. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 13 

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 13 the features of Tamas Yagya have been told. It has been said that the religious sacrifice (Yagya) that is opposite to the injunctions of scriptures, which is not mentioned in scriptures, in which no food is distributed, means in those religious programs where food is not served, a community meal is not organized, and in which Guru is not given gifts and is done without faith, such Yagya is called Tamas Yagya. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 14-19

Definition of Tap

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 14-19 the definition of Tap which should be performed has been told. Like in this Chapter 17 Verse 5-7 it is said that performing severe austerity is worst than doing devoid of scriptural devotion which is ‘Akartavya’. Those who perform severe austerity are called demonic. In this Chapter 17 Verse 14-19 the symptoms of Kartavya Tap have been told. 

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 14 it is said that respect and worship of Gods, Dwij means Brahmans, that is, scholars, Guru, and Tatvadarshi saint remaining pure means hygienic, being submissive, maintaining celibacy means follow caste and religion. There are two types of caste:- 

  1. Those who follow celibacy throughout life. They do not marry.
  2. One who marries and remains true to his wife.

Who beliefs in non-violence means who do not trouble anyone with body-mind-speech, and himself takes pain. Who serves brothers-sisters, old men, patients, needy in Satsang with complete loyalty. This is said to be the austerity related to the body.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 15

Speech related Tap

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 15 it is said that the seeker who does not get furious even on harsh remarks by someone, talks with love with everyone, speaks truth means does not lie because of selfishness or fear rather talks about real justice. He does not bother about the pain he bears, it is called speech-related Tap. Like, God Kabir told true spiritual knowledge. Selfish religious guru at that time tortured him so much, but He remained firm. This is a speech-related Tap that should be done. (Swadhyaya Abhysnam). Should do everyday morning, afternoon, and evening prayer. Read scriptures and books simplified from religious texts. Reading these is called Speech related Tap.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 16

It has been told in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 16 that to keep the mind calm and happy, to remove the mind from evil, to engage in good deeds and spiritual practice according to the scriptures, without speaking rumblings, that is, to remain silent. Here, silence does not mean that one should not talk to anyone. The meaning of silence is that if a person speaks abusive language to a devotee or a saint, then one should not reply. To explain the knowledge one should not unnecessarily speak. If anyone wants to listen willingly then definitely explain.

God Kabir has told in Sukshma Veda that is, in Tatvagyan that 

Kabir, kehte ko kahe jaan de, Guru ki seekh tu ley |
Sakat aur swan (Kuttey) ko ulat jawab na dey ||

Meaning:- If someone uses abusive language to a devotee-saint then the devotee should remain silent based on the knowledge provided by his Guru. Guru Ji tells that if a dog barks at you then do not say anything, simply move away or remain silent. If you will try to stop him from barking then he will bark more. In the same way, if you will reply to a ‘Sakat’, that is, an evil person he will talk nonsense. Therefore, contemplating the mind and maintaining patience is called mind-related Tap. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 17

It has been told in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 17 that the austerity which is worth doing, that is while following ‘Swadharm’ (One’s religion) the difficulties that are faced in devotional deeds, serving, the mental or physical pain one tolerates in the form of the sarcasm of the society, that is real austerity. This is done with reverence by the seeker men (female and male) who perform devotional deeds, this Tap ie. Sadhana is said to be Sattvik. Which has been told in the earlier Verses; is real austerity. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 18

It has been told in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 18 that the Tap, that is, sadhana-honour that is done to get respect and worship through hypocrisy, that is (Adhruvam) means baseless with indefinite results (chalam) moving; means is momentary; is said to be Rajas Tap which is useless due to being against the scriptures.  

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 19

It has been told in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 19 that “moodgrahen AatmanaH Peedya Kriyate Yatr TapH” means the foolish soul who performs forced worship foolishly by troubling his body. Like, performing austerity with ‘Panchdhoone’. Perform severe austerity while standing or sitting for years, or stand in water for doing austerity. Like, Bhasmasur did penance for years remaining on head posture, that Tap and “Parasya utsaat anartham” means it was done to harm others; is called Tamas Tap. Like, presently a trend is running. If someone happens to quarrel with another then they approach a Tantric or ‘Black Magician’ and pay the fees, waste money to harm their enemy. Such Tap performed by these Tantric which is done intending to harm others is called Tamas Tap which will incur sin. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 20

Sattvik charity- It has been told in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 20 that the charity which is given considering it the devotional duty without selfishness on receipt of country, time, and deserving is called the Sattvik charity, which means real charity. By country, time, and deserving, it means after acquiring a Guru the donation done according to his orders is beneficial. Country means place, Kaal means time. Do what Guru Ji asks as per the requirement to help the poor, miserable, and helpless, otherwise give charity to Guru Ji which is worth it. He will spend that charity on his own. That donation is right.  

Special:- God Kabir has told to Sant Garibdas Ji in Sukshma Veda that is, true spiritual knowledge that:-

Bin ichha jo daan det hai, soi daan kahawe |
Phal chahein nahin taas ka Amrapur javey ||

Meaning: The seeker who donates without desiring the rewards, is the true charity which also helps in the attainment of the salvation of the devotee and also provides him worldly comforts here.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 21

It has been told in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 21 that the charity which is given out of sorrow, ie. money is given to the person asking for donations under compulsion with a sad heart, that donation is futile and the donation which is given to get some benefit from God in return for the result, that charity is Rajas i.e. it has no cooperation in salvation.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 22

It has been told in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 22 that the charity which is given to an unauthorized person and is given with contempt without reverence, is called Tamas charity, which is useless.

The essence of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 21 and 22 — In this, God has described how the Tap and Yagyas are performed and what are their types and rewards? Because the Sat Sahib (True God – Purna Brahm) only gives the benefits of Yagya, charity, and Tap. Therefore, it is said that the action done for the sake of that God (Param Akshar Brahm) is true (Sat) and is the giver of complete salvation. The action done for the other gods (Brahm and ParBrahm) is not the giver of complete salvation. The God superior to Brahm is ParBrahm, but the complete giver of happiness, and who liberates completely from birth-death is only God Purna Brahm. He is Sahib Kabir. He only is called Sat Sahib.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 23

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 23 it is said that ‘OM Mantra is of Kshar Purush and Tat Mantra is indicative; of ParBrahm that is, Akshar Purush. Sat is indicative of Sachidanandghan Brahm means Param Akshar Purush (Purna Brahm). In this way, there is the order to chant these three mantras and in the early times of creation, scholars made Vedas and Yagyas, etc. based on the same true spiritual knowledge, used to do spiritual practice on the same basis.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 24

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 24 it is said that; that is why, the activities of Yagya, charity and penance and remembrance of those who praise God and tell the actions prescribed in scriptures always begin only by chanting OM name, that is, in the chanting of the three names, it starts with the breath by reciting OM name itself. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 25

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 25 it is said that it ends on chanting the Tat mantra with breath which is of Akshar Purush ie. ParBrahm and not wanting the fruit, various types of Yagyas, austerity, and charity are performed by men who wish for welfare, that is, done by only those men who want to get rid of birth and death. It means this Tat Jaap is the indicative mantra which is the chanting mantra of ParBrahm and the Tat mantra recited in Satnaam ‘iti’ ends with breath. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 26

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 26 it is said that ‘Sat’ is the indicative mantra of Saarnaam. It is used with the name of Purna Parmatma with truthfulness in the highest sense and ‘O Parth! The word Sat ie. Saarnaam is used in the best action, that is, it is combined with both the aforesaid mantras OM and Tat. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 27

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 27 it is said that whatever is the situation in Yagya, Tap, and charity, ‘Sat’ is said like this and in the devotional work done according to the scriptures done for that God, in fact, some other word at the end of the word ‘Sat’ is said by a Tatvadarshi saint. Words like Sat Saheb, Satguru, Satpurush, Satlok, Satnaam, etc. are spoken.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 28

In Gita Chapter 17 Verse 28 it is said that ‘O Arjun! The offering done without faith, the charity given, and the austerity performed and whatever good deeds done is said to be ‘Asat’, means useless, thus it is said that it is neither beneficial for us in this world, nor after death. 

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 23-28

Detailed Description of OM' (ॐ) - Tat' - Sat'

Important: - Only the Tatvadarshi Saint mentioned in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 4 Verse 34 correctly tells about the Tatvagyan of Purna Parmatma; ask him only. I (God, the narrator of Gita) do not know. Its evidence is also in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 Verse 1 to 4 and 16-17. Therefore, understand the essence of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 23 to 28 here.

In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 from Verse 23 to 28, it is stated that for the attainment of Purna Parmatma, OM'/ ॐ - Tat' - Sat', these are the three Naam. The Jaap of these three names is done with breath with the OM mantra. The ‘OM' mantra is attached to mantras used in sadhana up to Brahm; otherwise, that speech (mantra) is inactive. Like, ॐ Bhagwate Vasudevay NamH, ॐ Namo ShivayH, etc-etc. This Jaap (is up to Kaal-Brahm and for obtaining benefit from the three gods, Brahma Ji, Vishnu Ji, and Shankar Ji, dependent on him) is only up to the attainment of heaven. Even then, because of being opposite to the injunctions of the scriptures, the above-mentioned mantras are useless, though these mantras may yield some benefits.

The meaning of Tat' Naam is that the sadhana of the Superior God (Akshar Purush= AKshar Brahm) ParBrahm is one ‘Tat' mantra (coded). Its Jaap is done after taking it from a Purna Guru. To do Jaap oneself, or after taking from an unauthorized person is also futile. This ‘Tat (coded)’ mantra is a special mantra for attaining God. Therefore, it is said to be superior to the ‘OM'’ mantra, and the ‘Sat'’ Jaap mantra is of the Purna Parmatma (Supreme God) which is added to the Saarnaam. That leads to complete salvation/liberation. Sat Shabd is the symbol of ‘Eternal’. The intended meaning is that the Jaap of the OM' mantra is also supreme, but superior to this is Tat' Naam. For the attainment of every deity is, Tat (coded) Shabd, and Satshabd is the symbol of Eternal; that is Saarnaam. But in Vedas and scriptures, neither is Tat' Naam given, nor Satnaam. Only ॐ Naam is given. 

Respected Garibdas Ji, who is a disciple saint of Sahib Kabir, states that Kabir Parmeshwar told that I only have brought this Tat' (coded) mantra in this Kaal Lok, and have kept Sat Shabd (Saarnaam) a secret; it is only given to one who deserves it.

Garib, SohM shabd hum jag mein laay |Saar shabd hum gupt chhupaay ||

Only a Purna Guru can give this Satshabd (Saarshabd). If other Jaap, charity, Yagya, etc. are performed with faith and in accordance with the scriptures then whatever fruit (attainment of heaven for some time) is vested in them, one will get that. If they are not performed in this way, then even that fruit is not obtained. However, if Saarnaam is not obtained, then OM' and Tat' (coded) mantra are also useless. Some devotees consider ‘OM-Tat-Sat’ as the original mantra to practice it repeatedly, but it is not good. A religious rite or Jaap performed without devotion is neither beneficial in this lok, nor after death. Therefore, a religious act performed with complete devotion following the order of the Guru is beneficial. Whether bhakti is done of the lower gods or the Purna Parmatma for attaining Satlok, that sadhana is only beneficial if it is following the scriptures and is done with full faith.

Even sadhana up to only SohM Shabd is also uptil Kaal’s trap. Parmeshwar Kabir (KavirDev) Ji’s sacred speech —

Kabir, jo jan hoga jauhri, lega shabd vilgaay |
SohM-SohM jap muye, vyartha janm ganvaay ||

Koti naam sansaar mein, unse mukti na hoye |
Saarnaam mukti ka daata, vaaku jaane na koye ||

Meaning: Bandichod God Kabir has said that the one who will have true spiritual knowledge will be a cognoscente. He will understand the secret of Naam. Salvation is not only with the Jaap of SohaM mantra. Human life is wasted with the Jaap of only the SohaM mantra. Satnaam is of two words. After that, Jaap of Sarnaam is done. Then the welfare of the creature happens with all mantras.  

Respected Garibdas Ji’s sacred speech —

Garib, SohM oopar aur hai, satsukrt ek naam |
Sab hanso ka baas hai, nahin basti nahin gaam ||
SohM mein the dhruv prhlada, OM' SohM vaad vivaada |
Nama chhipa OM taari, peechhe SohM bhed vichaari |
Saar shabd paaya jad loii, aavaagavan bahur na hoii ||

Meaning: In the aforesaid sacred speech, the great soul Respected Garibdas Sahib Ji, who attained God, is stating that those, who are only limited to Jaap of ‘OM' and SohaM mantra, are also in Kaal’s trap. When Purna Parmatma Kabir Dev comes in all the four Yugas, He leaves after Himself describing the whole method.

Conclusion: The above explanation of all Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 has been done by great Tatvadarshi Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj. Warrior Arjun in this chapter asks about the nature and conduct of the worshippers of the three Gunas and the gods lower than these. It has been stated that all living beings perform devotion that is opposite to the scriptural method according to their nature. The kind of worship done by Satvik, Rajas, and Tamas men is also being described. It is said that those who perform sadhana abandoning the ordinances of the scriptures, cause grief to the gods hence, are entitled to Hell. There is a description of lotus chakras present in the human body. This chapter provides information about different Yagya and Tap. The secret salvation mantras ‘OM-Tat-Sat’ (Indicative) have been told which are provided by the enlightened saint. The above explanation of all Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 has been done by the great Tatvadarshi Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj.