Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1 | Introduction
Chapter 1 Bhagavad Gita portrays the dilemma of Arjun who on seeing the army on the opposite side is dismayed to see his relatives. The thought of killing his own relatives and friends traverses his mind and Arjun gets disheartened. Arjun asks Shri Krishna to place his chariot in between the two mighty armies so that he can take a closer look and contemplate. Arjun asks Krishna for guidance and decides not to fight to avert the carnage and thus moves to the back of the chariot and sits down. At this juncture Shri Krishna gives starts the delivery of knowledge of Bhagavad Gita.
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1 | Verses
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1, Verse 1 to 9: In these Verses, Sanjay is informing Dhritrashtr about the state of the army and the distinguished warriors present in the army.
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1, Verse 20 to 23: In these Verses, Arjun is saying that Lord! Take my chariot in the middle of both the armies so that I can see which of the warriors are going to stay in front of me.
It is described in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1, Verse 24-25 that God Krishna parked the chariot in the middle of both the armies and said to Arjun that look at the Kuruvanshis and kings standing ahead.
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1, Verse 26-45: In these Verses, it has been described that Arjun saw his own relatives, sons, and grandsons, brother-in-laws, and father-in-laws prepared to kill and get killed in the war and discerningly said to Sri Krishna Ji that my body is trembling on seeing the innocent children, my friends, paternal cousins, and relatives standing in front of me. My bow is slipping from my hand. I am even unable to stand anymore. I am not feeling comfortable with the idea of killing my own people. Oh Krishna! Neither do I wish for victory nor the pleasure of a kingdom. Because I do not want the kingdom after killing those who themselves are not bothered about their kingdom and lives, and are ready to die. I do not want to kill brothers, sons, and grandsons, even if I get the kingdom of the three loks. Then why should I commit this sin for the kingdom of the Earth? By killing them, I will incur sin only. How can we prosper by doing such sinful deeds? These kings standing ahead are being blinded by delusion, but we are wise. Why should we do something as a result of which, after the destruction of the family, other wicked people might assault our women? The offsprings will be of mixed caste. The sativrata dharm (the virtue of being loyal to one’s husband) will get destroyed, and we will go to hell because of not doing any dharm-karm (meritorious acts). In reality, we are great sinners, who have become prepared to kill our own brothers, out of selfishness.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1, Verse 46, Arjun said that Lord, to prevent this sin from occurring, even if Dhritrashtr’s sons kill the unarmed me, and war does not occur, I will prefer to die myself because with my death, lakhs of sisters will be saved from becoming widows and lakhs of innocent children will be saved from becoming orphans.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1, Verse 47: On saying this, Arjun heavy-heartedly sat in the middle of the chariot and kept his bow down.