Important Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18
Saint Rampal Ji Maharaj has done a translation of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 which is the last Chapter of Gita where the giver of the knowledge of Gita; Brahm Kaal advises Arjuna to go in the refuge of Param Akshar Brahm who is the creator of the entire universes to attain emancipation. He tells; that Purna Brahm is his revered God as well. The seeker must take refuge of that Supreme God in every respect with whose grace eternal peace and Sanatan Ultimate abode i.e. Satlok is attained.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 1
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18, from Verse 1 to 3, Arjun asks ‘O Mahabaho (mighty-armed)! I want to know about Sanyas (renunciation of the world) and Tyaag (relinquishment) separately.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 2
Knowledge of Renounceable and non-Renounceable Deeds
The giver of the knowledge of Gita told the knowledge as heard from others in such a way that (Kavya) poets tell renunciation of religious actions that are performed with the desire to fulfil the wishes of the people. Otherwise, men call ‘Vichkshan’ i.e. renunciation of the fruits of all actions as Tyaag.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 3
Gita Chapter 18 Verse No. 3:- One (Ake) i.e. someone (ManishinH) Those who consider themselves to be scholars say that all actions are faulty. That's why everything is worth giving up and other learned people say that actions in the form of sacrifice, charity, austerity are not worth giving up.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 4
Gita Chapter 18 Verse No. 4:- ‘O Lion-man (brave man) Arjun! Tyag (relinquishment) and Sanyas (renunciation of the world), amongst these two, first hear my belief regarding Tyag. Relinquishment (Tyag) is said to be of three types.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 5
Gita Chapter 18 Verse No. 5:- The suffering caused in the struggle in performing the duty of the devotee, Karma Yagya i.e. religious rituals like charity, austerity, etc., is called Tap. This karma is not worth giving up. They are definitely to be done because sacrifice, charity, and penance are the only ones to purify the souls of devotees who are scholars.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 6
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 6:- The desire for the fruits of these above-mentioned Karmas should be done by renouncing attachment of this world. This is my firm supreme opinion.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 7
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 7:- Therefore, it is not proper to give up the action that is fixed, i.e. which are according to scriptures. For example, in this Chapter 18 Verse 48, it is said that like smoke in the fire, there is some defect in every work. Just as the fire that burns for making food is not abandoned because of the fear of being smoked. Similarly, even if there is some sin in the obligatory good deeds, they cannot be relinquished. Like a farmer plows the field. There is the violence of crores of living beings in it in a day, even then it cannot be abandoned. The aim of the farmer is not to commit violence to the soul, but to do his duty. (The method of getting rid of sins is that by taking initiation from a complete saint and doing bhakti, the Karma ends every day. Just like the clothes we wear daily get dirty, but by cleaning it daily with soap and water, the filth gets eliminated simultaneously. Those who do not do bhakti according to the scriptural method by acquiring a Guru, continue to incur sins. Because of which they have to suffer all those deeds. The devotees of the Satguru do not have to suffer. Therefore, devotion is necessary). ‘Moh’ (fascination) means becoming emotional due to ignorance and giving up obligatory Karmas means to go into the forest after taking Sanyas is Tamas renunciation.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 8
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 8:- One who contemplates renunciation of all actions by saying that all actions are painful, is said to be Rajas renunciation. He never gets the fruits of that sacrifice.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 9
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 9:- ‘O Arjun! Obligatory deeds mean to do the scripture-based deeds with this belief that it is a duty to perform, is done by abandoning attachment and fruits that are considered to be a Satvik renunciation.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 10
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 10:- O Arjun! The person who does not hate the unskilled person; and does not get attached to the skilled person after getting influenced by his capability. Who only does Karma means gets his work done, that person endowed with Satogun is free from doubts, is an intelligent renunciant.
Example:- As the players play, the spectators become the fans of the one who plays well. They admonish the other. Intelligent is the one who does not watch the game and remains busy with his work.
Another Example:- Those who watch movies waste their time and money and those who dance and jump to earn money and consider them their favourite actor or actress are fools.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 11
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 11:- Because it is not possible for any embodied human being to completely relinquish all the actions. One who performs devotional work without desiring for its reward is actually a Sanyasi (renunciant).
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 12
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 12:- Those living beings who do the scriptural actions without the above-mentioned renunciation, they (Pretya) will have to suffer all the good and bad deeds after death. For example, becoming a pet dog under the influence of virtues will take good facilities which will be the fruit of his virtues. As a result of bad karma, will go to Hell and get the bodies of pigs, etc. But those who do spiritual practice will not suffer all this.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 13
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 13:- Kaal Brahm said that ‘now I will convey the thoughts i.e. the opinions stated in the (Sankhya) Vedanta. Properly listen to me.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 14
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 14:- Five reasons have been told in Vedanta: - Adhishthana, Kartapan (doership), Karan i.e. deeds done by the senses of action and senses of knowledge, and efforts. These four and the fifth reasons; done by the invisible power of Dev/God due to earlier sacraments. Like, it is said that a Dev Yoga was present as a swimmer on the river who saved a child from drowning in water.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 15
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 15:- The person who tells by mind, deed, speech or justice or injustice, that is, good or bad deeds, these are the five reasons mentioned above (after attaining a complete saint, only good deeds are done by a living being like there are many reasons for the boat to wander here and there without a Navigator, the speed of the wind, the waves of the water, the flow of the water of the river, the bustle of water generated by the friskiness of the fish in the water. When the boat gets the Navigator then they do not remain in his control, even if deadlock remains. Before coming to the refuge of Satguru, the boat form life of humans (male and male) is like a boat without a Navigator in the river of the world, which runs due to earlier sacraments (Prarabdha Karma) receiving happiness and sorrow, that is, a person receives the pleasures of the deeds of the previous birth. After getting the refuge of Satguru it moves like a boat with a Navigator, that is, sorrow ends. Happiness remains. This is the meaning of this Verse 15.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 16
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 16:- In this verse, it is said about a person who has impure intellect, who has not found a Satguru. He considers himself the doer of all good and bad deeds, he has a melancholy intelligence.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 17
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 17:- In this verse, there is a description of the disciple of that Tatvadarshi Saint who performs all actions by following the orders of the Satguru. His position is like that soldier who fights on behalf of his King against the army of another enemy King. He is not guilty of the killing of those enemy soldiers. If he dies, he goes to Heaven. There is evidence in Gita Chapter 2 Verse 37. That is why in this Verse 17 it is said that the soldier does not kill anyone of his own will. He fights on the orders of his King, so it is said that he does not die even after killing those people.
It has been told in Tatvagyan that
Jo ichha kar mare nahi, bin ichha mar jaye, kahe Kabir taas ka, paap nahi lagaye ||
For example, in daily activities like wiping the floor, cooking food, burning fire with wood and gas, in agriculture, working as labour, etc., the living beings who die in daily activities, etc., such sins are not incurred to the devotee of Kabir Parmeshwar. Others who do not do bhakti or do spiritual practice contrary to the scriptures by acquiring a Guru or do sadhana to other gods and goddesses and even of Brahm by acquiring a Guru. They incur all the sins of daily and above-mentioned activities. The virtues and sins of those persons are written separately. They have to suffer both kinds of fruits in Heaven and Hell and in the bodies of other beings, but those sins are not incurred by the devotee of Supreme God Kabir, a disciple of a complete saint. Like, a person drives a car with a driving license. If an accident happens with him then the person with the driver's certificate/license is not considered guilty if he has not consumed alcohol, etc. Similarly, the disciple of the Satguru does not have to suffer the consequences of the sins of his duties.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 18
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 18:- ‘Gyata’; the knower is the one who knows, that is, the knowledgeable, "knowledge" like the knowledge of the Gita, the one who knows it is ‘Gyani’. ‘Gyay’ means worth knowing. Just as God is (Gyay) knowable (through spiritual knowledge) to the devotee. These are the three types of Karma impulses. ‘Karta’ is the doer who acts, ‘Karan’ is the reason for which the action is being done, and ‘Karma’ is the action which is to be done. This action is also a collection of three types of Karma.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 19
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 19:- With the distinction of qualities; knowledge, and action, and the doer only three types have been said. Listen about them too properly from me.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 20
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 20:- The knowledge by which the wise sees the aspect of one imperishable God in all beings, that is, he sees the existence/authority of God in all beings equally. Consider that knowledge to be Satvik i.e. true knowledge.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 21
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 21:- One who sees the divine spirit in all beings as different i.e. the individual as the doer, consider that knowledge to be Rajas.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 22
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 22, knowledge which is baseless is Tamas i.e. ignorance.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 23
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 23:- The distinction of actions = those who are devoid of the pride of doership according to the scriptures. An act done without wanting the reward of devotional action, done without attachment and aversion, is said to be Sattvik Karma.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 24
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 24:- But the action which is done with the desire for fruit and involves a lot of hard work, such as doing penance while standing, religious actions like walking on foot to bring ‘Kanvad’ which is against the scriptures is said to be Rajas.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 25
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 25:- The action which is done just by seeing others without considering the result, is the Tamas action which is only commenced with ignorance.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 26
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 26:- One who does not have an ego, does not accumulate much wealth, is free from joy and sorrow in accomplishing and not accomplishing work with patience and enthusiasm, that doer is said to be Satvik.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 27
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 27:- The one indulged in actions, is endowed with attachment, does devotion for the attainment of material pleasures and wealth, that is, the greedy who wants the fruits of actions, who causes selfish misery to others, is impure and is suffering from joy and sorrow, who is said to be performing religious deeds are said to be Rajas.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 28
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 28:- The Aayukt’ means one who is not engaged in devotion, PrakartH means materialistic stunned i.e. obstinate, dhurt i.e. Shath (wicked) i.e. thug (swindler), NaishkritH i.e. the destroyer; means who destroys the livelihood of others, Vishaadi means who remains dissatisfied, who is jealous, is ‘AalasH means is lazy, and procrastinating, is said to be Tamas, that is, foolish.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 5-28
After Taking Naam from a Purna Guru, One is Not Convicted of the Sins Committed Ignorantly
The essence of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 5 to 28 is that in this world, all the actions cannot be relinquished. The rejected actions (theft, adultery, consumption of alcohol, smoking tobacco, meat, etc), reproach, lie, untouchability, harsh words, are worthy of being relinquished and the actions which are performed for rearing the children (to do farming – in that also living beings are killed, to cook food – minute creatures get burnt in that, to walk – in that also living beings are killed, etc) cannot be given up. Its solution is – make a Guru.
For example, if a driver causes an accident. If he holds a license, then he is not guilty because he is a qualified driver. The accident has not occurred because of negligence. There can be some other reason in which he is not at fault. If a person is driving a vehicle without having a driving license and an accident occurs, then he is fully at fault. Therefore, he, who has taken Naam-updesh, will not do any disdained action. If he kills a living being in ignorance, he is not guilty. If Yagya, charity, etc. auspicious actions are performed without any desire for fruits, then they destroy some of the sins of the worshipper. Therefore, the five Yagyas should definitely be performed as ordained. These are not worthy of being relinquished. If some ignorant says that I did charity, I got a Paath done. Do not know him as a person filled with devotion. He has a filthy mind. When a person comes to the refuge of Parmeshwar (KavirDev) by means of a Complete Saint, the same Supreme God stops the harm caused by the sinful action. A bhakt took spiritual instruction (updesh) from me (Das). He said that every year around 25000 rupees are spent only on medication, many other damages also occur. Now it has been three years since he took the updesh. Now he tells everyone that in the whole year only 500 rupees are spent on medication and other damages are also insignificantly small. Now that pious soul gets a paath done, by which all the five Yagyas (dharm, dhyaan, hawan, pranaam, and gyaan) are performed. He also gets the paath done twice or three times in a year. One day another bhakt friend said, “You do a lot of charity.” That bhakt said, “Kaviragni (Kabir Parmeshwar) has made me capable of doing charity. I cannot do charity. All my money used to go into illness and other losses of animals. A living being cannot do anything. Only Parmeshwar can get it done. This money is being spent on virtuous acts. Earlier it was being wasted. It never occurs to me that I am doing charity. All this is the grace of Bandichhor God Kaviragni (Kavir' Parmeshwar, the destroyer of the sins). I have only been made the instrument. In its evidence Respected Dadu Sahib Ji states —
Kare karaavae Saainya, man mein lahar utha | Dadu sir dhar jeev ke aap bagal ho ja ||
In a similar manner, the knowledge of this Holy Gita Ji will be understood.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 29
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 29:- In this verse, it is said that ‘listen to the intellect and the steadfastness i.e. Dhriti which is also of three types according to their Gunas (qualities).
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 30
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 30:- One who does devotion based on true spiritual knowledge, that is, while doing the action, and does not do that devotional work with the desire to get the fruits, like if a boy is born, I will offer ‘Sawamani’, if I get a job, I will feed girls, etc. Doing devotion without such desire is called the ‘Pravarti’ (path of action). ‘Nivriti’, is the path of inaction. Just as leaving home and going into the forest is inaction. Deeds done according to the scriptures are called Kartavya Karma, and Karmas which are not worth doing is called ‘Akarma’, and what work should be done and what should not be done, with fear and fearlessness, who knows this and the truth of bondage and salvation, is a Sattvik intellect.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 31
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 31:- One who does not perfectly know the truth of mercy, dharma (righteousness) and Adharma (unrighteousness) and also what should be done (Kartavya) and what should not be done (Akartavya). His intellect is said to be Rajas.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 32
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 32:- The one who considers Adharma (unrighteousness) to be Dharma (righteousness) with the intellect enveloped in Tamas i.e. ignorance, and likewise believes everything contrary is a Tamas intellect.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 33
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 33:- ‘Ghriti’ means steadfastness in one God means the one who does not possess adulteress, that is, has faith only in one God and not on any other God. Who holds concentration by mind, breath, and the senses in devotion to the one God. That is Satvik steadfastness.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 34
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 34:- But ‘O Arjuna, Son of Prathu! The steadfastness with which a man with a desire for fruits, with utmost attachment, adopts dharma (righteousness), wealth, and actions is Dhriti (steadfastness) Rajasi.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 35
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 35:- ‘O Paarth! The person with evil intellect; who does not leave sleep, fear, worry, and misery and also madness, that is, inanition, and does not give up. That firmness in devotion is Tamasi.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 36-37
The Present of the Devotees is like Poison and the Result is like Nectar
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 36-37:- ‘O best Bharat, Arjuna! Hear from me the three types of happiness. The early life of the devotees is in trouble because they suffer in the practice of devotion, service, charity, etc. to the Supreme Lord. Due to which their present life appears like poison, but the result is like Nectar, because by the spiritual practice of God; he attains the immortal world and remains always happy. This is said to be Satvik happiness.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 38
Those who do not do devotion, their present is like Nectar and the Result is like Poison
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 38:- The person who enjoys the pleasure obtained from the previous rites, that is, the enjoyment is due to the combination of the enjoyment of the sense objects, enjoys it. His present early life appears like nectar, but the consequence is like poison because he has spent the good deeds of his previous birth. He did not do devotion, charity, service for the future, so will suffer in Hell. He will suffer in the bodies of other beings for innumerable births. This type of happiness is called Rajas.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 39
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 39:- The person who does not enjoy the happiness obtained from the previous rites properly. Just as a miserly (kripan) person has wealth, but he does not relish that. He does not even do good deeds, devotion, service, or charity. His life in the beginning and present is troublesome also the end is painful. That is called Tamas happiness. Because he considers pleasure only from the fact that I have crores of rupees.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 40
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 40:- In this world, all the gods, human beings, and demons are affected by the influence of the three Gunas, that is, the invisible power is emanating from the body of three Gunas- Rajgun Brahma, Satgun Vishnu, and Tamgun Shiva. Like the fragrance from flowers, the burning of chilies affects. They themselves are also affected by the influence of those three qualities. All other deities and beings of Kaal Brahm are also affected. Everyone is compelled to act.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 41
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 41:- ‘O Parantap Arjun! The actions of Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras have been divided according to the qualities arising from their birth nature.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 42
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 42:- The duties of a Brahmin, the worldly deeds and qualities are as follows:- ShamaH means restraint, DamaH means suppression of desires, TapaH means suffering in the pursuit of self-righteousness, Shaucham means to remain pure internally and externally, that is, to be free from deceit, ShantiH means to forgive the offenses of others, Aarjavam means truth-loyalty, simple nature, faith in God, Gyanam means to understand the knowledge of the Vedas properly and Vigyanam means to understand true spiritual knowledge from the Tatvadarshi as instructed in Gita Chapter 4 Verse 34. The above actions are of a Brahmin i.e. are the natural actions of a spiritual master.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 43
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 43:- Duties to be performed in the body of a Kshatriya:- Bravery, brilliance, steadfastness (DhritH), cleverness and not fleeing from battle, giving charity, are the actions of a Kshatriya.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 44
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 44:- Natural duties of Vaishya: Farming, cattle rearing, and buying and selling i.e. doing business are the natural activities of a Vaishya.
Natural Karma of Shudra:- Division of Castes:- First of all there is no caste in the universe. People of the same clan divided the work according to their capacity and started doing them. Later their children also started doing the same work. Thus, the caste was formed. Shudra was the class that used to clean, sweep, and mop the house. Then others started giving them grains and clothes as wages. Then the circulation of money started, hence started giving them money in the form of wages. At present no one is known as Shudra, nor Kshatriya has remained different because in course of time; the army has replaced the Kshatriya in which youth of all castes are working.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 45
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 45:- Listen to the method from me in which a person attains Siddhi i.e. the Supreme spiritual success means power derived from devotion to God, by taking initiation from a Satguru while performing his own natural deeds.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 29-45
Description of Actions Based on Gunas (Qualities) and Nature
Then the types of actions have been described. The actions performed naturally for the welfare of others are Satvik. Like, if a flood hits an area, efforts for that are Satvik actions. If someone meets an accident, to offer help to him is Satvik and beneficial, and the meaning of Rajasi actions is, for example, if a dog comes at your door. You first offered him a piece of roti, and then hit him with a stick. This is a Rajasi action. Then the purport of Tamasi action is that a dog comes to someone's door, he did not even offer him any roti and hits with a stick. If someone’s animal, a buffalo or a camel or a cow or an OX behaves mischievously, to hit him repeatedly with a stick while being tied i.e. to beat mercilessly; to give excessive punishment to children on a small fault; to not return someone’s money after borrowing; if he comes to ask for it, then to abuse him and behave badly with him; when in need be soft-spoken, and when the purpose is accomplished to frown; this is Tamas action which is more harmful, etc-etc.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 29 to 45, God has described the nature of human beings’ instincts based on Gunas that how is the natural action of a person dominated with Satogun? How is the action of a Rajogun-dominated person? and How that of a Tamogun-dominated person is? Besides, has given information about the actions of all the four Varna/castes (Kshatriya – Vaishya – Brahmin – Shudra).
Even if one acquires this knowledge then also there is no salvation, and God is also saying this clearly that all the living beings are performing actions out of their nature. It is useless to advise them. Therefore, those wise beings who want to attain God, for them Kaal God is giving a detailed account in the following Verses. In Verse 45, God is saying that now hear about the way men, who are devoted to their own auspicious acts, attain the fruits (based on whatever act of bhakti they are doing); hear about the actions by doing which one attains supreme spiritual success/siddhi (attains God) i.e. based on his own acts of bhakti, whatever bhakti he does, attains accomplishment accordingly. Hear about the acts of bhakti by which one attains supreme siddhi (attainment of Purna Parmatma).
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 46
Knowledge of the Supreme God other than the giver of the knowledge of Gita
In Gita Chapter 18 Verse 46, the giver of the knowledge of Gita has asked to worship another God other than him. The God from whom all beings have originated. The God; from whom this whole world pervades, that is, manifests and sustains. By doing ‘Abhyacharcha’ i.e. worshipping the Supreme God while performing natural deeds human beings attain Siddhi i.e. the power of the Supreme Soul. The power of bhakti i.e. Siddhi is attained through devotional deeds done according to scriptures. Through accomplishments, the seeker attains his ‘Ishta Dev’, the worshipped God.
It is mentioned in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 46 that if a person wants to become completely free from birth and death, he should go in the refuge of that Supreme God (Purna Brahm, Param Akshar Brahm i.e. NiHakshar ) and taking Naam from a Purna Guru should do bhakti throughout his life. And a bhakt, who does bhakti of Purna Brahm Parmeshwar with (ananya munn) undivided attention (the meaning of undivided attention is chiefly of only one Parmeshwar Purna Brahm like a faithful wife), he, while doing sumiran of Satnaam of the same God in his final moments, endowed with the abhyas yoga, leaving the body goes to Him alone and becomes completely free from the cycle of birth and death.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 47
Shudra is also entitled to Devotion to God
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 47:- Special:- All translators apart from me (Rampal Das) have repeated the same mistake in the translation of this Verse 47 which they have made in Gita Chapter 3 Verse 35.
Other translators have translated Verse 47 in such a way that is improper/wrong:- One who behaves well is devoid of the righteousness i.e. virtues performed opposite to the injunctions of scriptures his religious practice is superior to another’s dharma because while doing the devotional work of the self-righteousness determined by nature the seeker does not incur sin.
Ponder: - If this translation of Verse 47 of Chapter 18 and Verse 35 of Chapter 3 is correct, then the need for all remaining knowledge of Gita ends, in which it is said that (in Gita Chapter 16 Verse 23-24):- The seeker who renounces the method of scripture and behaves arbitrarily on his own i.e. does arbitrary spiritual practice, then he neither gets happiness, nor siddhi i.e. spiritual power which helps in attaining salvation and through which worldly tasks are accomplished, nor does he attains liberation.
For this, the scriptures are the evidence to decide ‘Kartavya’ means which devotional work should be done, and ‘Akartavya’ means which devotional work should not be done.
It has been said in Gita Chapter 15 Verse 20 that Gita is also scripture. In Gita Chapter 9 Verse 20 to 23, and 25, Chapter 7 Verse 12-15, and 20 to 23 it has been said that the knowledge of those who worship Rajgun Brahma Ji, Satguru Vishnu Ji, and Tamogun Shiva Ji as venerable deities has been defeated by the momentary happiness obtained from them. Those demoniac people, evil-doers, foolish, do not even worship me, that is, the giver of the knowledge of Gita.
I (Kaal) have given some power to other gods and goddesses, from which their seekers get some benefit, but the fruit of those (Alpamedhasam) i.e. fools is perishable. The devotees of the deities attain the deities. Those who worship ancestors i.e. perform Shradh etc., go to Pitras, that is, become ancestors. Those who worship ghosts become ghosts.
In Gita Chapter 7 Verse 18, the giver of the knowledge of Gita has called the attainment i.e. liberation from his sadhana as Anutamam gatim i.e. inferior attainment. Then the knowledge giver of Gita has asked to take refuge of another God other than him in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 62 and has told that only by the grace of that Supreme God you will attain supreme peace and Sanatan eternal abode i.e. the immortal world. The translators have misinterpreted Gita Chapter 18 Verse 47 and Gita Chapter 3 Verse 35 by not understanding the hidden facts of pious scripture; Gita.
Exact translation of Gita Chapter 18 Verse 47:- (VigunH) devoid of qualities (swanushthitaat) arbitrary ie. religious ritual performed opposite to the injunctions of scriptures (pardharmaat) compared to another's dharm i.e. religious worship (swadharmH) one’s own dharm i.e. religious rituals according to the injunctions of scripture (Shreyaan) is the best (Swabhaavniyatam) natural of one’s varna/caste i.e. in whatever varna- Kshatriya, Vaishya, Brahmin, and Shudra one is born (karma) deeds and acts of bhakti (Kurvan) while performing (kalbisham) sin (na aapnoti)) does not incur.
Special:- Who does not incur the sins of actions, read the detailed information in the summary of Chapter 18 Verse 17. To confuse the readers, other translators may say that in this Chapter 18 Verse 47, the meaning of our religion is only with the deeds of the four Varnas. Remember, in this Chapter 18 Verse 46, the giver of the knowledge of Gita worships God other than himself, by doing his natural work i.e. by doing acts of Kshatriya, Vaishya, Brahmin, and Shudra, one attains perfection, the God who created all beings. And from whom this whole world pervades, that is, is imbibed. Religious devotional deeds are also described in Verse 47.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 48
In Chapter 18 Verse 48 it has been said about worldly deeds that the person who is born in the Varna (Kshatriya, Vaishya, Brahmin, Shudra) sin is also present in his deeds. Just like Brahmins perform Havan, etc. In the fire that burns there is the violence of subtle living beings. The Vaishya plows the earth in his field with a plough or tractor. With that, insects and spiders i.e. different types of creatures die in the ground. Kshatriya commits violence in war and people of all castes prepare food, in that also living beings die.
Shudra does the service of cleaning, etc. subtle beings are killed by the broom. Like, there is smoke in a fire. The fire cannot be stopped because of the smoke. Similarly, in the actions of all the Varnas, sins also occur like smoke in the fire, but these actions cannot be relinquished due to the orders of the scriptures and the Supreme Soul. While doing these, by taking initiation from a complete Satguru i.e. Tatvadarshi saint, doing devotion to God, sinful deeds are not incurred. For example, if an accident happens with a driver who has a driver's certificate/license, then he is not directly guilty. It cannot be said that he does not know how to drive. Whoever does not have a driving license, if the accident happens with him then he is directly guilty.
Special:- Read more information on this subject in Verse 17 of this Chapter 18.
It is also proved from Chapter 18 Verse 46, 47, 48 that even Shudra can also do devotion to God. His salvation is also possible.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 49
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 49:- In this verse also, the status of one who does devotion to God other than the giver of the knowledge of Gita has been told. Therefore, in the above Verse 47, there is knowledge of religious deeds done for devotion. In this verse, it is said that one who has intellect without attachment everywhere, that is, ‘Sprahaarahit’, one who does not accumulate and does not do bad deeds, who has prepared his soul by knowledge not to do wrong deeds. That victorious who is the knower of true spiritual knowledge after Knowing the definition of Sanyaas by not renouncing deeds, renouncing evils, one who does devotion (Param) attains other superior liberation than Kaal Brahm with which by destroying all sinful deeds (Naishkarmay Siddham) complete emancipation is attained. That accomplishment; the supreme state is attained. A person who attains (Naishkarmay) selfless liberation attains Satlok. One does not have to perform actions in Satlok. All facilities are available free of cost. There is also evidence in Gita Chapter 3 Verse 4.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 50
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 50:- Which is the highest accomplishment of knowledge, that is, the meaning of Tatvagyan. By attaining that siddhi i.e. the spiritual power obtained due to devotion, the seeker (Brahm) attains the Supreme Soul (praptH). ‘O son of Kunti! you understand that knowledge from me.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 51-53
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 51- 53:- In this, it is told that a disciple of a Tatvadarshi saint with an intellect purified from Tatvagyan maintains moderation in eating and drinking. Avoids disorders. He has a good perception and loves solitude. Being restrained, he also maintains restraint in speaking. Away from attachment and aversion, renouncing lust, anger, pride, ego, possessiveness, etc., constantly meditating about God, a calm-natured seeker, other than the giver of the knowledge of Gita, becomes eligible to attain Sachidananda Ghan Brahm i.e. the Complete God.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 54
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 54:- A seeker who becomes worthy of attaining God neither mourns for loss nor desires the things of this world. With equanimity towards all beings, by devotion to Me (Param) attains other real devotion, that is, supreme scripture-based bhakti.
By chanting the first mantra (Brahm Gayatri Mantra) which is of 7 names, given to the seeker, with that, the worshipper becomes free from disorder (i.e. Kundalini Shakti is awakened) as told in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 51-5. After that, the chanting of a two-word name is given. One is the OM name that is given to be chanted. This is the name of the real devotion of Kaal Brahm i.e. Kshar Purush i.e. the giver of Gita’s knowledge. Therefore, in this Chapter 18 Verse 54, Kaal Brahm, the giver of the knowledge of Gita, has told about his devotion. It has been said that through that devotion there will develop the capability for the attainment of the other real devotion. In this Chapter 18 Verse 56, it has been clarified that I protect the one who chants my OM name. The one who has faith in me and does the devotion of OM; with the help of my grace under my protection also attains the imperishable abode.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 55
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 55:- By coming in contact with a Tatvadarshi saint, the devotee who is given the knowledge; with that opens up in him the divine vision and the seeker becomes acquainted with my potential. He knows that I am (Kaal Brahm) who is so much powerful. With that devotion, knowing me exactly from the element that I am Kaal, I am mortal. The attainment with my devotion i.e. liberation is inferior (Anuttam) and then he immediately (Vishte) enters into the supreme abode of that Supreme God i.e. in Satlok, that Parmeshwar who is described in Gita in Chapter 18 Verse 46.
Meaning: - The meaning of entry into that God is that after doing appropriate devotion of the chanting of two-name (Satnaam), then Saarnaam is given to the seeker, which means that the devotee enters in the true devotion of the Supreme Lord, i.e. takes admission. After that, he attains a permanent place in Satlok. Knowing this soon enters into that opinion (view) i.e. makes his mind to attain the Purna Parmatma.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 56
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 56:- It is clear in this that Kaal Brahm has said that the prasad of chanting the mantra of my real devotion, that is, even while performing deeds of one's own Varna under my protection forever (Sashvat avyyam padam aapnoti) one attains the eternal imperishable abode i.e. the immortal world.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 57-60
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 57 to 60:- In these four verses, Kaal Brahm i.e. the giver of Gita’s knowledge is telling Arjuna for the war that ‘relinquishing all your actions by mind on me and staying under my protection (Yog), restore your mind on my opinion. With your mind focused on me constantly; you will easily overcome all the sorrows which seem to be as big and difficult as the fortress of the bondage of Karma. If you don't pay attention to my words, you will be destroyed.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 59
Then in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 59, God Kaal is saying that Arjun, controlling the mind and senses, becoming free from love-hatred, performs an action. You, out of self-conceit, are saying, “I will not fight.” Even to not fight is also not in your hands. You, overpowered by your nature (because of being a Kshatriya) will also definitely fight. When Arjun becomes very distressed and thinks, what is this? Die and kill! Then Kaal to console him in between tells the truth.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 60
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 60:- ‘O Son of Kunti! The action which you do not want to perform out of delusion; being Kshatriya; you will do it overpowered by the rites of your previous birth to which you are bound.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 61-62
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 61-62:- In both these verses, there is a description of the Supreme God other than the giver of the knowledge of Gita. The same God has been described in Chapter 18 Verse 46. The giver of the knowledge of Gita has said in Verse 61, that ‘O Arjuna! The Antaryami Parameshwara/Omniscient God is seated in their heart (tishti) while making all the living beings stuck in the body form the instrument according to their deeds. That Eternal God (Purna Brahm), who is situated in the heart of all the living beings, causes all the living beings to wander in the body-like machine based on their actions, by His power.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 62
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 62:- ‘O Bharat! You go to the shelter of that Supreme God in every respect. Only by the grace of that Supreme God (Purna Brahm), you will attain supreme peace i.e. will become completely liberated from birth and death and attain the Eternal Supreme Abode i.e. Satlok. To take refuge in this Supreme God, it is said in Verse 66 of this Chapter 18. The giver of the knowledge of Gita in Verse 64 has described this God as his Isht Dev i.e. the worshipped God.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 63
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 63:- There are a total of 18 chapters in Shrimad Bhagavad Gita. This Verse 63 is of this last Chapter. In this, the giver of the knowledge of Gita has reminded Arjuna of the entire knowledge of Gita. He said that ‘O Arjuna! (Iti) thus, in this way (guhatat) even more than confidential (guhatram) extremely confidential (gyaanm) the knowledge of Gita Shastra (mya) has been told by me (te) to you (Aakhyaatam) revealed. Now you (Etat) consider this mysterious knowledge of Gita scripture (Asheshen) completely (Vimrshya) properly reflecting on (yatha) as (ichchhasi) want (tatha) so (kuru) do.
Meaning:- This 18th Chapter of the Gita is the last chapter and these are Verses at the end of this chapter. The giver of the knowledge of Gita has said in this Chapter 18 Verse 63 that I have revealed to you the most confidential of the confidential knowledge of Gita Shastra. I am Kaal. I never appear before anyone in my true form i.e. remain unmanifested. This is my (Avyyam) imperishable (Anutamam) cheap rule. I remain hidden from my Yogamaya i.e. with the power of Siddhi (accomplishment). (Chapter 7 Verse 24-25).
Those seekers who are adamant in worshipping Rajogun Brahma, Satguru Vishnu, and Tamogun Shiva as their revered deity. Their knowledge has been defeated by the Trigun Maya, that is, by the momentary perishable gains received from these three deities. Those demoniacs, lowest amongst humans, evil-doers, foolish people do not even worship me (Kaal). I have given some power to all the deities, their worshippers are getting benefit from that only. But that benefit of those little-witted idiots is perishable. Those who worship the deities attain deities. My devotees are received to me. (Gita Chapter 7 Verse 12-15, 20-23).
The giver of the knowledge of Gita in Gita Chapter 2 Verse 12, Chapter 4 Verse 5, Chapter 10 Verse 2 has described himself as perishable i.e. one who forever remains in the cycle of birth and death. He has said that ‘O Arjuna! You and I have had several births. You do not know, I know.
In Gita Chapter 8 Verse 5 and 7, has asked to do his devotion also fight, surely you will be received to me, but birth and death will remain of both of us. He has told his Mantra of devotion in Chapter 8 Verse 13, it is told that my name (Mama Brahm) is only ‘OM’ one-letter word for devotion. One who chants this name till the last breath attains great Heaven i.e. Brahmalok. It has been clarified in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16 that the seekers who have gone to Brahmalok are also in recurrence, that is, the devotees who have gone to Brahmalok also return and take birth in the world. Their cycle of birth and death will continue forever. They will also have to do terrible deeds like war. Due to which the worshippers of Kaal Brahm will neither get eternal peace, nor Sanatan Supreme Abode having gone where the seekers never return to the world. That is why the giver of the knowledge of Gita has said in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 46 and 61-62 and 66 that ‘O Bharat! By all means, you go to the shelter of that Supreme God who is the Param Akshar Brahm other than me told in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 3. Only by the grace of that Supreme God, you will attain supreme peace and the Sanatan Supreme Abode. It has also been clarified in Chapter 18 Verse 46; that Param Akshar Brahm is the same God who has created all beings and from whom this entire world pervades. The devotee attains the supreme abode (liberation) even while performing his devotional deeds for his/her worldly natural Varnas (Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra). In Gita Chapter 15 Verse 4, it is said that after attaining Tatvagyan from a Tatvadarshi saint, one should search for that supreme position of God, going where one never returns to the world. The God from whom the tendency of the world-like tree has expanded, that is the God who has created the entire universe. (Tam Eva) Him (Aadhyam Purusam) Aadi i.e. the (Sanatan) Eternal Supreme God (Prupdhe) I am in the refuge of the same.
The giver of the knowledge of Gita has also clarified in Chapter 17 Verse 23 that the mantra of devotion to that Param Akshar Brahm i.e. Sachidanandghan Bram is OM-Tat-Sat of these three words (Naam). He is attained by chanting this mantra. Now you decide whether you want to stay in my refuge or to take refuge of that God. Do what you feel is right.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 64
Brahm’s (Kaal’s) Revered God is Also Purna Brahm
Gita Chapter 18 Verse 64:- It has also been clarified in this verse that the "Isht" i.e. the venerable God of the giver of the knowledge of Gita is also the same Param Akshar Brahm i.e. Supreme God. It has been said that ‘O Arjuna! now again hear my invaluable words, the most confidential knowledge of all confidential knowledge, which I will say in your interest. That (Iti) this God, who has been told above in Verses 61-62, 46, to go in the whose shelter by all means; who is the creator of the entire creation. (mei) my (dhranam) is definitely (IshtH) worshipable i.e. my revered God is also the same Purna Brahm only and I (Kaal) am also in His refuge and that eternal place (Satlok) is also my (Kaal’s) actual residence (place) i.e. my supreme abode is also that only. Because Brahm (Kaal Purush) has also been expelled from there (Satlok). This is also clear in Chapter 15 Verse 4 that I am in his refuge.
Special: Apart from me (Rampal Das) all other translators have done the meaning of Chapter 18 Verse 64 of ‘Isht’ word as ‘dear’. Whereas the same translators have done the meaning of ‘Isht’ as ‘worshipable’ in Chapter 18 Verse 70. They should have done here in Verse 64 also as ‘worshipable’. If we talk about translators who have translated Chapter 18 Verse 64 in this way:- ‘O Arjun! Listen again to the most confidential of all secret words. You are my (dradham IshtH) most lovable disciple. Therefore, I will tell you the most beneficial words. This is the translation of other translators of Chapter 18 Verse 64. If this is considered correct then the same has been repeated in Chapter 18 Verse 65 which has been said in Chapter 8 Verse 5 and 7 that be mine with the undivided mind, be my devotee prostrate to me, you will attain me. I truly pledge. Please ponder- How can this word be most confidential? This had already been said earlier. It was already said in the most confidential knowledge in Chapter 18 Verse 63. Then which confidential word related to knowledge remains? The translation of Chapter 18 Verse 64 that I (Rampal Das) have done is correct.
Even in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 66, there is the same word as in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 62 that go in refuge in that Supreme God. Who has been described in Verse 63 earlier which is part of the most confidential of all secret knowledge? We are talking about confidential knowledge i.e. the knowledge of Gita which has been given in the past in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 63. In this Chapter 18 Verse 64, it has been asked to hear even my most confidential supreme words. Those words are that; that Param Akshar Brahm i.e. the Supreme God is also definitely my ‘Ishta Dev’ i.e. the revered Supreme God. I, the giver of the knowledge of Gita, also is in His refuge. I worship Him.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 65
Chapter 18 Verse 65:- In this, the giver of the knowledge of Gita has said that if you want to stay in my refuge, then you should have a heart in me, become my devotee. Be the one who worships me, salute me, you will attain me ie. will go to Great Heaven. I truly promise this to you, you are very dear to me.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 66
Brahm’s (Kaal’s) Advice to Arjun to Go in the Refuge of One Purna Brahm
Chapter 18 Verse 66:- In this verse, the giver of the knowledge of Gita has told Arjuna that if you want to take refuge of that Param Akshar Brahm, then there is a condition.
The correct translation of Verse 66:- For the attainment of Param Akshar Brahm i.e. Sachidanand Ghan Brahm, three names mentioned in Verse 23 of Gita Chapter 17 have to be chanted. Those three syllables are OM-Tat-Sat. In Gita Chapter 15 Verse 16-17 three Purush are described:- Kshar Purush, this is Kaal Brahm the giver of Gita’s knowledge. OM is the name of his sadhana about whom the giver of the knowledge of Gita, Brahm himself has said in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 13. The second is Akshar Purush, the mantra of his devotion is ‘TAT’ which is symbolic. The third ‘Uttam Purush’ supreme man who is other than both Kshar and Akshar Purush, is the Param Akshar Purush, whose information has been given by the giver of the knowledge of Gita in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 3 and about this, it has also been told in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 8 to 10 and 20 to 22. He is said to be the Supreme Soul who by entering the three worlds (21 universes of Kshar Purush i.e. Kallok, Akshar Lok; Seven Sankh Universes of Akshar Purush, and infinite universes of Param Akshar Purush, the Sanatan (eternal) supreme abode i.e. Satlok) nourishes everyone. He is truly the indestructible God. Tatvadarshi Saint gives the mantra of complete salvation to the disciple in initiation to chant OM-Tat-Sat. The earnings of the practice of chanting OM, i.e. the devotional wealth, is given to Kaal Brahm on the Trikuti lotus. He in turn liberates the seeker from sin. If the seeker wishes to go to Brahmalok in the reward of the earning from this OM name i.e. devotional wealth, then by spending this earning there, he remains in the bondage of Karma. By spending virtues in a hotel in the form of Brahmalok, he goes to Hell because of his sins. Then suffers the pain of sin in the bodies of other beings. But a disciple of a Satguru does not commit such a mistake. He gets true spiritual knowledge. Thus, the disciple of Satguru renounces the devotional earnings obtained by chanting OM Naam to Kaal. Kaal Brahm frees him from all sins in this reward. In Chapter 8 Verse 28 also, Kaal Brahm has said that ‘a Yogi who is a true seeker, knowing the true spiritual knowledge, studying the Vedas i.e. knowledge Yagya and other Yagya i.e. religious sacrifices like austerity means following self-righteousness, is austerity, the merit that is told to be from donation, violates all that undoubtedly attains the Sanatan Ultimate abode.
It is also said in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 66 that: -
The exact translation is done by me (Rampal Das): - The giver of the knowledge of Gita has said that (Sarvadharman) by renouncing all the religious activities of my level (Maam) in Me (Paritajya) you only (Ekam) go to the refuge of that unique means capable Supreme God (Sharanam) like whom there is no other God (Vraj) go (Aham) I (Tva) will free you (Sarva PapebhyH) from all sins (Mokshiyishyami) i.e. will liberate. You (ma, shucH) do not grieve.
Analysis:- Due to a lack of Tatvagyan, except me (Rampal Das) all other translators of Gita have done the meaning of the word "Vraj" as “to come” while the word "Vraj" means "to go". Like, in the English language word ‘Go’ means ‘to go’. If an ignorant person interprets in any context the meaning of 'come’ as ‘to go', then he is doing a blunder.
The meaning of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 61 to 66 is that Kaal (Brahm / Kshar Purush) is saying that the Purna Parmatma (the other Purushottam / Eternal God – Param Akshar Brahm), who is situated in the hearts of all the living beings, He only causes the living beings to wander like a machine based on their deeds i.e. based on their actions, causes them to revolve in heaven – hell – birth – death and in the 84 lakh births of various life forms. A person, who is not in the refuge of that (Purna Brahm / SatPurush) Supreme God, and worships Kshar Purush (Brahm / Kaal), the three Gunas (Rajgun-Brahma, Satgun-Vishnu, and Tamgun-Shiv), and the gods-goddesses or does not worship at all, whatever deeds he does, based on them, that Omnipresent God (SatPurush) only gives the fruits. Like, Bhakt Prahlad was a worshipper of Vishnu, so for his protection that Supreme God (Purna Brahm/ SatPurush) only came in Narsingh form, killed Hrinakashipu, and later, showing Vishnu form satisfied Bhakt Prahlad. Of whoever a bhakt is a worshipper, that Purna Parmatma (SatPurush) only protects that bhakt, and to maintain the faith of that bhakt, He comes acquiring the form of his deity. For those who do bhakti or who do not, Dharmraj keeps the account of all of them. Based on the deeds, gives the fruits as directed by the Supreme God.
He who goes in the refuge of that Supreme God (Purna Brahm) by means of a Purna Guru, that bhakt (Yogi) is relieved from birth-death and the births of 84 lakh life forms and goes to Satlok (the true lok, Sachchkhand, the Eternal Place) and becomes completely liberated. God Kaal (Kshar Purush) can also give some temporary liberation (relief), for that Kshar Brahm says that ‘abandoning the worship of Brahma-Vishnu-Shiv and gods-goddesses, by doing unadulterous (with undeviated mind) bhakti of only me (Brahm) after making a guru, you will attain me (Kaal). Then he will grant the fourth liberation (will place one in Great Heaven in Brahmlok) to that worshipper. Then finishing his earnings (merits) will come to an end at the time of Kaal’s (Kshar Brahm) Mahapralay (Great Destruction), and then when Kaal (Kshar Purush) will do the creation in that those worshippers with fourth salvation will certainly go to birth-death and in the births of 84 lakh life forms. Because it is the constitution of Kshar Brahm that Arjun, whatever action a living being will perform, will have to experience the results of all those (good and bad) actions. This is a hard and fast rule (opinion). For good actions, heaven and great heaven; for bad actions, hell, and for the mixture of good and bad deeds, 84 lakh births of various life forms. This is the result of the sadhana of Kaal (Kshar Brahm) God. Therefore, Kaal (Kshar Purush) has clearly said in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Verse 18 that those who are striving to attain God those human beings, noble souls, are completely knowledgeable (are the knower of my scriptures), but they are properly fixed in my (Kaal’s) anuttam (bad/inferior) gati (salvation) only i.e. because of not being aware of attaining that Purna Brahm Parmatma, they are fully dependent on me (Kaal) only. Because of which they remain deprived of complete peace (complete salvation). Therefore, Kshar Brahm (Kaal) is clearly saying in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 62 that go in the refuge of that Supreme God, as a result of which you will attain supreme peace (complete salvation) and the eternal place (Satlok). Then, in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 63 to 66, says that Arjun, now you decide whether you want to come in my refuge or want to go in the refuge of that Supreme God. I have imparted this knowledge, the most confidential of all secrets, of that God to you, and listen to my most confidential invaluable words; you are very dear to me. Therefore, I am telling you that you go in the refuge of that One (Purna Brahm) Supreme God. He only (Purna Brahm only) is my revered God (deity). if you want to remain in my refuge then you will attain me i.e. will go to Great Heaven; I truly promise this to you. If you will remain in my refuge then you will certainly have to fight. Here, there will be a constant struggle. Attaining me will also be possible only when you will do sadhana according to my rules (opinion). If you will simultaneously keep worshipping Brahma, Vishnu, Shiv, gods-goddesses, pitras, and ghosts, then also will not attain me because this is adulterous bhakti, which is not based on one God. Further, in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 66, has said that if you want to obtain benefits from that Supreme God, then relinquishing all my religious practices in me i.e. also giving up these, go in the refuge of that One (Purna Brahm). Then I will liberate you from all sins. You do not worry.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 67-71
Those Who Listen and Also Who Deliver the Knowledge of Gita are in Kaal’s Web
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 67 to 71, it is written that ‘Arjun, my this knowledge of Gita should not be told to who lack devotion and even he who instructs this knowledge to those devotees who listen with devotion will come to me (will enter Kaal’s mouth) only. Because I (Kaal) only will be their revered God (deity). Because by reading religious scriptures and books (Granth), Yagya of knowledge is performed. After experiencing its fruit in heaven for some time, the cycle of 84 lakh births and Hell will always be maintained.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 67
It is said ‘O Arjun! You should not tell this knowledge of Gita to an atheist’.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 68
It is said ‘The person who will tell this knowledge of Gita to my (Kaal Brahm’s) devotees, will attain me.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 69
It is said ‘There is no human who loves me more than him and in the future, there will be no other person dearer to me than him on earth.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 70
Whoever will recite the path of Gita, I will be his ‘Isht’ which means the Venerable god. With the recitation of scriptures the fruit of Gyan Yagya is obtained (Aham Gyan Yagyan IshtH syaam). I will be his revered God because of Gyan Yagya.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 71
With the recitation of Gita, the benefit of Gyan Yagya is obtained. Even the listener gets the benefits. Due to which as the result of Gyan Yagya (Shubhan Lokaan) he attains superior regions means Heaven. He will be liberated from birth and death for some time.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 72
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 72, Kaal God is saying, have you heard this Gita with one-pointed attention? O Dhananjay! Has your attachment, born of ignorance, been destroyed? It means that Arjun, have you acquired the knowledge, and has your attachment from this world moved away or not? What have you understood i.e. what have you decided?
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 73
Arjun Remained in the Refuge of God Brahm (Kaal), Even Then Did Not get Liberated from Sins
Important: - In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 73, Arjun says that I will remain in your refuge only i.e. will act according to your orders. I will fight. Therefore, Kaal God could not liberate Arjun from sins because that ignorant/foolish Arjun remained in Kaal’s refuge. Even what can poor Arjun do? First of all, Kaal scared him so much that he started trembling, and then Kaal God did not describe the path of attaining that Supreme God. He told Arjun about the ‘OM' mantra and performance of Yagyas, which is not for attaining that Supreme God, rather, is for remaining in Kaal’s trap only. Therefore, Arjun did not get liberated from sins. Because there is evidence that after being victorious in the battle, King Yudhishthir started getting nightmares. Then God Krishna advised them to perform a Yagya. He said, “Your sins committed in the battle are distressing you.” Whereas Arjun used to regard him as the unborn-eternal and the great god of all the living beings. For evidence, refer to Bhagavad Gita Chapter 10 Verse 12 to 14. Because Arjun had seen his Kaal (Viraat) form with his own eyes. It is not at all possible for Arjun to not consider Kaal (Brahm) to be the Great God of all the living beings, the unborn and the eternal. Then God Krishna himself to end the sins committed in the battle had advised that you may go to Himalaya and practice penance unto your last breath and end your life there. Your sins which you have committed in the battle will end. The bodies of the four Pandavs became numb in the snow of the Himalayas and were destroyed and also of Draupadi and Kunti, and the fifth, Yudhishthir’s only his toe decayed. Because Yudhishthir had lied that Ashwatthama (son of Dronacharya) died whereas Ashwatthama had not died. God Krishna had made him lie. Then the four Pandavs (Bheem, Arjun, Nakul, and Sahdev), Draupadi, and Kunti, etc were also put in Hell; its evidence is in Mahabharat Page no. 1683, and even Yudhishthir was deceitfully put in Hell for some time. Then who can be free from sins? The readers may please contemplate and take Naam from the representative saint of Satguru Kabir Sahib and get liberated from Kaal’s lok.
As is clear in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 64 and Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 Verse 4 and Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 21 that God (Brahm) is himself saying that ‘O Arjun, my venerable God (deity) is also that Supreme God (Purna Brahm) only and I (Kaal) am also in His refuge and that eternal place (Satlok) is also my (Kaal’s) actual residence (place) i.e. my supreme abode is also that only. Because Brahm (Kaal Purush) has also been expelled from there (Satlok) only.
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 73, Arjun is saying that, by your grace, my attachment has become destroyed, and I have become enlightened. I stand free from doubts and I will do whatever you say. Arjun (helpless and seeing no other way out, thought that in any case, I have to die; if I will not fight, then this Kaal will kill me. If he will display that terrible form once again then I will instantly die of fear. It is also possible that we might win the battle, then at least we will rule the kingdom) said, “God, I have understood. I am in your refuge, and I will carry out your orders i.e. I will fight.”
Here one thing has to be particularly thought that Arjun is saying that ‘I am in your refuge. I will do whatever you say. Kaal God is saying in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 65 that you remain in my refuge. Respectfully prostrate before me. Have your mind focussed on me then you will attain me. I truly promise you. You do not worry. Then there is evidence in Mahabharata that the five Pandavas were put in Hell; Yudhishthir for a short period. When Yudhishthir donated his merits, then they were released from Hell. Then what happened to the words, God had said in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 65?
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 74
Sanjay said ‘in this way, I heard the knowledge of Gita from Vasudev. I am delighted.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 75-78
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 from Verse 74 to 78, Sanjay is giving Dhritarashtra a heart attack, he is saying that whosoever’s side is Shri Krishna, they (Pandavs) undoubtedly will be victorious. He placed a mountain on Dhritrashtr’s chest in advance. How anxious Dhritarashtra must have been on hearing Gita, let alone being peaceful because Shri Krishna was on Pandav’s side and consequently, Dhritrashtr’s son’s defeat was certain.
Conclusion: The above explanation of all Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 has been done by great Tatvadarshi Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj. This is the last Chapter of Gita in which Arjuna wanted to know about Sanyas and Tyag from the giver of the knowledge of Gita who in reply tells the knowledge about renounceable and non-renounceable deeds. There is a description of Rajas, Satvik, and Tamas renunciation. It has been told that after taking name initiation from a complete Guru one is not convicted of the sins committed ignorantly. The importance of a true worshipper is mentioned which proves that the present of a true devotee is like poison and the result is like nectar whereas those who do not do true worship their present is like nectar but the result is like poison. It has been stated that the Gods, human beings as well as demons in this world are highly influenced by three Gunas. The duties of all four Varnas i.e. Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra have been explained. Kaal Brahma; the giver of the knowledge of Gita provides the knowledge of the Supreme God other than himself. It is mentioned that even Shudra can do devotion to God and his salvation is also possible. Kaal advises Arjuna to go to the refuge of Param Akshar Brahm in every respect with whose grace eternal peace and Sanatan Ultimate abode is attained. He further tells; that supreme God/Purna Brahm; the creator of the entire universe is his revered god as well. Verse 66 of this chapter mentions the seeker must go in the refuge of the Supreme God to attain emancipation. It is stated that whoever listens or delivers the knowledge of Gita remains in the web of Kaal. Arjuna did not attain salvation since he remained in the refuge of God Kaal Brahm. The above explanation of all Verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 has been done by great Tatvadarshi Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj.