Chapter 17 Verse 11

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 11

AflaakaankshibhiH, yagyaH, vidhidrshtH, yaH, ijyate,
Yashtvyam’, ev, iti, manH, smaadhaay, saH, saattvikH ||11||

Translation: (YaH) which (vidhidrshtH) directed by the injunctions of the scriptures (yagyaH) yagya (yashtvyam’, ev) to perform only is a duty (iti) thus (manH) mind (smaadhaay) by resolving (aflaakaankshibhiH) those who do not desire for the result (ijyate) is performed (saH) that (saattvikH) is Satvik. (11)

Translation

It is a duty to only perform yagya directed by the injunctions of the scriptures – with such resolution of mind a yagya, which is performed by those who do not desire for the results, is Satvik.

Important

Although in above-mentioned Shlok 11, the distinctive description of Satvik yagya is said to be according to the scriptures, but without finding the Tatvdarshi Saint mentioned in Gita Adhyay 4 Shlok 34, this Satvik sadhna[1] is also futile because in Adhyay 17 Shlok 1, Arjun has asked about those who abandoning the injunctions of the scriptures act arbitrarily, which has been described as futile in Gita Adhyay 16 Shlok 23-24. Therefore, here only those who act arbitrarily out of their nature are being described. This sadhna is also useless.


अफलाकाङ्क्षिभिः, यज्ञः, विधिदृष्टः, यः, इज्यते,
यष्टव्यम्, एव, इति, मनः, समाधाय, सः, सात्त्विकः।।11।।

अनुवाद: (यः) जो (विधिदृष्टः) शास्त्राविधिसे नियत (यज्ञः) यज्ञ (यष्टव्यम्, एव) करना ही कर्तव्य है (इति) इस प्रकार (मनः) मनको (समाधाय) समाधान करके (अफलाकाङ्क्षिभिः) फल न चाहनेवाले पुरुषोंद्वारा (इज्यते) किया जाता है (सः) वह (सात्त्विकः) सात्विक है। (11)

केवल हिन्दी अनुवाद: जो शास्त्राविधिसे नियत यज्ञ करना ही कर्तव्य है इस प्रकार मनको समाधान करके फल न चाहनेवाले पुरुषोंद्वारा किया जाता है वह सात्विक है। (11)

विशेष:- भले ही उपरोक्त श्लोक 11 में सात्विक यज्ञ का वर्णन भेद विधान अनुसार कहा है परन्तु गीता अध्याय 4 श्लोक 34 में वर्णित तत्वदर्शी संत मिले बिना यह सात्विक साधना भी व्यर्थ है क्योंकि अध्याय 17 श्लोक 1 में अर्जुन ने शास्त्रा विधि त्याग कर मनमाना आचरण करने वालों के विषय में पूछा है जिसको गीता अध्याय 16 श्लोक 23-24 में व्यर्थ बताया है। इसलिए यहाँ केवल स्वभाववश मनमाना आचरण करने वालों का ही विवरण चल रहा है। यह साधना भी व्यर्थ है।


[1] Religious practice / way of worship