Adhyay 4

In Gita Ji’s Adhyay 4 Shlok 1-3, God is saying that I had said this eternal way of bhakti to God Surya (Sun). Surya (Sun God) said this to son Manu and Manu passed this on to his son Ikshwaku. In this way, this tradition was being carried on. The great knowledge had then disappeared for a long time. You are my dear friend. Therefore I have imparted the same knowledge to you. This should be kept a secret.

Please note: Why did he say to keep the knowledge a secret? Because if an ordinary man will become aware of the Kaal’s trap then Kaal lok will become empty.

Important: - Here the word ‘Surya’ is not referring to this ball of fire. He is a God whose name is Surya; like, on this earth also, some have names like Suryakant, Suraj etc. In Adhyay 4 Shlok 4, Arjun asks that your birth is of this time whereas God Surya’s birth is of earlier times. How is this possible that you only imparted this knowledge to Surya?

Birth and Death do not End with Brahm Sadhna

In Adhyay 4 Shlok 5 to 9, God Kaal is saying that Arjun, you and I have had several births. You do not know all of them; I know. I, being the immortal soul that does not take birth like a human being and also being the God of all living beings (of the 21 brahmands), by subjugating my Prakriti (Sheranwali) give rise to Maya’s Govind, Sri Brahma-Sri Vishnu-Sri Shiv. Then from them only, create Sri Krishna-Sri Ram-Sri Parshuram etc-etc as incarnations and then secretively appear in them. Whenever there is a decline of Dharm (religion/righteousness) and an uprising of Adharm (irreligion/irrighteousness), then I create my incarnations and those incarnations appear to protect sadhus (virtuous) and destroy the non-sadhus (wicked). Brahm (Kaal), the narrator of Holy Gita, is saying that Arjun, even I have birth and death. You do not know this; I know. This Brahm (Kaal), after creating a Brahmlok, lives there in three forms (Mahabrahma, Mahavishnu, Mahashiv). He has birth and death. He dies in Shiv form when his own son, Trilokiye Shiv, has died 70,000 (seventy thousand) times. Therefore has described his birth and death as divine transcendental. For further information, read Information on Destruction.

Oh Arjun! My births and actions are divine. One who does not understand it in essence in this way, he after abandoning the body, gets trapped in my web. (After keeping him in heaven-greatheaven for some time, puts him back in the 84 lakh births). He who understands the truth about me, Kaal, that completely knowledgeable person does not have a rebirth.

Important: - In Gita Ji Adhyay 2 Shlok 12 and also in this Adhyay 4 Shlok 5, it is clearly evident that birth-death are inevitable. Then in Adhyay 9 Shlok 7, it is said that at the end of kalp (age), all the living beings (of heaven, hell and Earth) get destroyed. And then at the beginning of kalp (age) I will do creation i.e. temporary birth and death ended, not the permanent. Kaal God creates good souls (great souls) i.e. gives gives them birth. Then himself entering into them, secretively gets his job done and does not himself appear in form. This is his hard and fast/unchanging and eternal rule that he never appears in form. Evidence in Gita Ji Adhyay 7 Shlok 24, 25.

All the living beings of the three loks are under the control of this Kaal. He is their master. Therefore, is saying that on decline of Dharm/righteousness, to kill the sinful living beings [having entered into Parsuram Ji’s body, wiped out Kshatriyas. Then having entered into Durvasa Ji, along with 56 crore Yadavs consumed God Krishna and Krishna Ji’s family. On enetering into Kapil muni wiped out 60 thousand sons of king ‘Sagad’. Similarly on entering into Chunak rishi destroyed the tormenting elements, the army of 72 crore soldiers of king Maandhata Chakvae Baen and protected Dharm and on entering into Sri Krishna caused the terrible battle of Mahabharta and himself remained hidden], I give rise to my incarnations. My births and actions are astounding. One who understands me like this, he, abandoning (the three gunas) Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh, worships only me and comes to me only i.e. becomes my food. (On sending him to Mahaswarg/ great heaven saves him from birth-death for a long time. Then puts him into 84 lakh births, and one who understands the truth, he does not have a rebirth.

Completely Knowledgeable persons do not remain in Kaal’s Trap

In Adhyay 4 Shlok 10-15, God Kaal is saying that whose love-hatred have died down, who have understood in essence that I am the doer of all the actions in these 21 brahmands and the master, they have become Matavlambi. [Note: They are Kabir hans (souls), the worshippers of the three mantras, who by doing sumiran (chanting by remembering) of Satyanaam and Saarnaam, and seeing the actual form of Kaal, get through (go to Satlok) by stepping on his head.] Like, in Gita Adhyay 7 Shlok 17, it is said that I like the knowledgeable persons and I am dear to them. Because they instead of worshipping the three gunas (Rajgun Brahma Ji, Satgun Vishnu Ji, tamgun Shiv Ji) worship me; likewise, here in Gita Adhyay 4 Shlok 11, it is said that those who worship me, I worship them i.e. they are dear to me because they at sometime on finding a Tattavdarshi saint immediately start doing the true sadhna. Its evidence is given in Gita Adhyay 16 and 17. Then has said that one who becomes fully acquainted with me, does not get caught in my trap, and those who worship the gods (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiv), the gods soon appear before them and give them some relief but can not liberate them completely. Therefore you follow the scripture-based acts of bhakti like your ancestors.

Even Triloki (of the three loks) Gods could not escape from the Bondage of Actions

In Adhyay 4 Shlok 16 to 22 in an account on actions (karmas), it is said that whosoever does any action should not bring ‘doership’ in it and should say, “Oh Master, I am doing this act being dependant on you.” This petty living being is ignorant of action-inaction (karm-akarm). One who performs actions without any desires is a pandit (a learned person), and does not get bound in the bondage of actions. Therefore in this very Adhyay in Shlok 34 it is stated that the knowledge of all the actions is only possible through Tattavgyan (the true knowledge) that which God is worthy of being worshipped and who is not. Then the devotee instead of being bound to the bondage of actions, inflicted by Brahm, will go to Satlok. And then becomes free from the bondage of actions forever. One does not get released from the bondage of actions by the knowledge upto Brahm; they (actions) have to be borne. Please ponder, who can be a greater learned person than God Vishnu? He also had a birth as Sri Ramchndra on being bound to bondage of actions. Because he gave Maharishi Narad Ji a monkey’s face, based on which Narad Ji cursed God Vishnu Ji. Based on the bondage of that action he took birth in King Dashrath’s house, went to exile and killed Bali. Being bound to bondage of the action of killing Bali, that soul of Vishnu took birth in the form of Sri Krishna in Dwapar Yug. Then Bali’s soul, who was a hunter at that time, took revenge of that action by shooting an arrow in Sri Krishna Ji’s foot. He had to take birth in Krishna form because of being bound to the bondage of this very action.

Only Sahib Kabir can liberate one from the bondage of actions. Therefore he is called Bandichhor (the Liberator). It is also evident in Holy Yajurved Adhyay 5 Mantra 32 and Yajurved Adhyay 8 Mantra 13 that (Kaviranghaari asi) Kabir Parmeshwar (God) is the enemy of sins i.e. is the destroyer of sins; (Bambhaariasi) that God Kabir is the enemy of bondages I.e. is Bandichhor, the Liberator from the prison of Kaal’s bondage of actions. “Amar karoon Satlok pathaoon Taatein Bandichhor kahaoon ”

The essence of Adhyay 4 Shlok 23-24 is that a devotee who performs all actions by observing God as the witness, his all actions are like Brahm’s (God’s). Because that Tattavgyani (the knower of the truth) devotee does not practice arbitrary behaviour opposed to the ordinanaces of the scriptures. Therefore his words and actions are engaged in praising God, and is engrossed in the thoughts of God all the time. He performs actions after a thorough consideration.

Actions and Sins can not be Eliminated by the Way of Worship Mentioned in Vedas and Gita

In Adhyay 4 Shlok 25 to 30, has said that in this different types of acts of worship have been described. It has been said that some devotees are doing karmyog by doing hawan yagya, some are engaged in sadhna (restraining) of senses, and some have engaged their senses of actions and senses of knowledge in yagya of knowledge. Some are doing charity (wealth), some are following ascetic practices. Some are fasting intensely; some, considering action to be greater than other practices and study of scriptures, are engrossed in spiritual actions and others are performing the act of bhakti by following the method of Pranayam (in Yoga, Breathing exercise of restraining breath) and are believing that all these acts of bhakti are destroyers of sins. God Krishna was in the form of Arjun’s guru (like, in Gita Ji Adhyay 2 Shlok 7, Arjun himself is saying that I am your disciple). When Yudhishthir started getting nightmares then they had asked the reason and solution from Sri Krishna Ji (Guru). God had said that the sins committed in the battle are causing distress to you. He had described yagya only to be its solution. Yagya was performed. Then a hunter named Baliya, who was the soul of Bali, shot an arrow in God Krishna’s foot. At that time, Sri Krishna Ji said to Arjun and all Pandavs that you should go on Himalaya and being free from attachment, abandoning possessiveness and affection, and overpowering senses and by keeping restraint should do sadhna of Om mantra. All of your (Pandavas) sins will be eliminated. Pandavas did the same but went to hell. It proves that sins are not destroyed by the way of worship mentioned in Vedas and Gita Ji, they have to be borne. Other accomplishments like supernatural powers and attainment of heaven-great heaven are achieved. But sinful deeds are not eliminated. A devotee who does sumiran of Satnaam and Saarnaam attains the Sanatan (ancient) Brahm (SatPurush) and his birth-death end permanently. The worshipper of Purna Parmatma (the Supreme God) does more of Gyan yagya along with the other four yagyas. Gyan yagya – study of religious texts morning, evening and afternoon, listening to spiritual discourse and reading religious books, and simultaneously also does jaap of Guru Mantra through breaths. That devotee’s sins get destroyed and he attains eternal liberation.

Yagya also Necessary along with Naam

It has been said in Adhyay 4 Shlok 31-32 that apart from yagya, those who experience the joy (nectar) of the jaap of Satnaam and Saarnaam, they attain the Supreme God (Sanatan Brahm). Describing yagya also as essential, has said that along with naam sadhna, five yagyas (dharm-meritorious acts, dhyaan-concentration, hawan-sacrificial fire, pranaam-prostrating body in submission, gyaan-knowledge i.e. study of religious texts) are also essential. For instance after sowing the seed of Satnaam and Saarnaam, the yagya-like manure and water is also very essential in it. As a result of which the plant of bhakti becomes mature. If only naam sadhna is done and no yagya is performed then just as with the shortage of water and manure the plants dries up, likewise, by not doing yagya, a devotee becomes arrogant, ruthless and faithless. Without the jaap of actual mantra only yagya is also fruitless. Those who have not taken naam updesh from Guruji, or after taking naam updesh, and naam also should be Satnaam and Saarnaam, do not perform the five yagyas, they will not attain any benefit in this lok, then how can they attain any in Parlok (the other lok/world)? Arjun, one who performs yagya by considering the Supreme God situated in yagyas as his diety, he, by doing sumiran of the actual mantras along with the yagyas, attains the nectar of complete liberation i.e. attains the Purna Parmatma.

There is a detailed description of all the yagyas in the Sukshm Ved by the Purna Parmatma from his lotus mouth which are accomplished by physical acts of bhakti. On knowing this one becomes liberated. Even I (God who is narrating Gita) do not know that Tattavgyan (the True Knowledge). For the description of the path of complete liberation of the Purna Parmatma, find the saints who know the Tattavgyan.

Complete Liberation is Possible after Taking Naam from Tattavdarshi Saints

Important: The purport of Adhyay 4 Shlok 33 to 35 is that Oh Arjun! Go to the Tattavdarshi saints who have the complete knowledge and the solution of the Purna Parmatma. Submissively and respectfully prostrate before them, with love and courtesy ask the path to that God. Then those saints will tell the way (Satnaam and Saarnaam) of achieving Purna Parmatma, knowing which you will not be deluded by ignorance. Then you, on the basis of this knowledge only, will first of all know yourself that how did I get caught in Kaal’s trap and then will see me (in Kaal form); then you will try your best to get out of here. See the distinctive feature of a Tattavdarshi saint in Gita Adhyay 15 Shlok 1 to 4. In Adhyay 4 Shlok 33 to 42, Kaal God, the narrator of Holy Srimad bhagwat Gita Ji, said that knowledge yagya is superior to wealth yagya (charity). I am unaware of that Supreme God’s tattavgyan i.e. I do not know. Therefore go to a knowledgeable (Dheeranam) saint who has complete knowledge about the Purna Parmatma and gather full information (the path to Purna Brahm Parmatma); first of all, prostrate before those Purna Saints (complete saints), then serve them, and then with great submissiveness and courteousy ask them the way to attain Purna Parmatma. Then becoming pleased they will explain the entire tattavgyan to you and will do your good by giving naam updesh. Then you will be able to understand me that I am actually Kaal. First of all you will understand yourself that who are you and how did you get caught in my (Kaal’s) trap. Then you will look at me (considering me Kaal) with a different perspective (not with the previous disposition). When you will come to know about the Purna Parmatma, then you will search for the Complete Guru who will give you Satnaam and Saarnaam. Then after taking jaap of three mantras (in which one is Om+ Tat+ Sat, these two are indicative mantras which only that Complete Saint can tell) from that Tattavdarshi saint you will become free from all the sins. When you will acquire full knowledge about me (Kaal), then will do naam jaap and bhajan with full interest. The intense interest in Satyanaam and Saarnaam will destroy the sins like fire i.e. that God has this power that He can end all the sins of a living being; whereas, Brahm (Kaal) can not do so. One who has gained complete information will attain supreme peace i.e by doing sadhna of Purna Parmatma will become completely liberated.

A devotee, whose all doubts have been dispelled, has surrendered himself to the Purna Parmatma. That knowledgeable person severs the demon of doubt with the sword of Tattavgyan. Therefore get up i.e become alert, listen to the Tattavgyan from the Tattavdarshi saint and become firm on the scripture-based acts of bhakti.

Sat Bhakti Sandesh