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Srimad Bhagavad Gita | श्रीमद भगवद गीता

In Adhyay 6, Kaal God has given a description of the sadhna of the devotees who do both the types of sadhnas. Regarding the sadhna of the Purna Parmatma (the Supreme God), it is mentioned in Gita Adhyay 4 Shlok 34 that obtain this from a Tattavgyani (knower of the truth) i.e. a Tattavdarshi saint. Then in Gita Adhyay 6 from Shlok 1 to 9, it is mentioned that in reality only a devotee who is blessed by the Purna Parmatma and who does scripture-based sadhna attains all the happiness because the Supreme God is a true companion of the devotee who does scripture-based sadhna by which his man (mind) is repressed. Because man is Brahm (Kaal); he is afraid of the Purna Parmatma. Others, who worship abandoning the injunctions of the scriptures, remain unsuccessful.

Then in Adhyay 6 Shlok 10 to 15, Kaal has given an account of the ways of bhakti stated by him, which are incomplete. Therefore in Shlok 32, has said that in reality only he is the most superior devotee who (ParammatH) does sadhna according to the injunctions of the scriptures. In Shlok 33-34, Arjun questioned, “God, the above-mentioned way of worship which you have stated to restrain mind (man), I do not think that mind can be restrained. Restraining mind is like stopping the flow of air i.e. is impossible.” In Shlok 35-36, God has accepted that actually, it is very difficult to restrain mind (man), but a soul who by scripture-based way of worship is victorious with the help of the Supreme God, only he can restrain the mind; this is my opinion.

It is Useless to Meditate by Practising Hathyog

In Gita Adhyay 6 Shlok 10 to 15, it has been advised to sit in one place and practice Hathyog (form of yog in which emphasis is on physical discipline and exercise and withdrawal of mind from the external objects). Based on this only, these days the ignorant, curious souls keep roaming around the meditation yog centres (Dhyaan Yog Kendra). Some prescribe it essential to do mediation for two and a half hours in morning and evening and some dancing on the tune of a film song. When get tired, then enjoy by lying down in Shavaasan (a dead pose), and then describe sleep to be the final state of meditation. Then where to concentrate/meditate? They say concentrate on Trikuti. Where is Trikuti? An ignorant devotee does not know anything. Then he is told to concentrate in the centre of the two eyebrows where the nose ends and the forehead begins. That ignorant sadhak endeavours on the path guided by that foolish guru. When nothing is achieved then that gurudev asks, “What did you see?” The sadhak says, “Nothing.” Then gurudev says, “Did you hear any sound?” The sadhak says, “Yes, I heard.” What else is there to see; this only is the “anhad shabd”. Then says that press the eyelids of both the eyes with fingers. Did you see any light? The devotee says – yes, I saw. This only is the JyotiSwaroop (effulgent) God. An ignorant devotee ruins his life with that blind guru. A dhyaan yagya is performed by the practice of meditation. Result of which is heaven, worldly enjoyments, and then on the basis of deeds, hell and 84 lakh births. Even the practice of meditation should be so much so that he becomes free from ambiguity (free from vows). Then this is the benefit (will get the fruit of heaven and the worldly enjoyments). Those, who practice meditation for two and a half hours or by dancing around, they do not achieve anything.

Once, a sadhak in a forest practiced meditation so much so that he started remaining in meditation for many days without food. Many other ascetics used to do sadhna in that forest. One day it occurred to that yogi that I shall go to the neighbouring village to drink chha (lassi – a drink of diluted yoghurt). With that aim that yogi went to the nearby village before sunrise in the morning. He knocked on a door. An old woman came out and on her asking the reason, the yogi said, “Mai, I want to drink chha.” On this Mai said, “Come in. Take a seat, Mahatma Ji. I will just prepare chha (lassi) i.e. will churn the milk.” She offered a proper seat to Mahatma Ji and herself started churning milk. It took Mai nearly an hour to prepare lassi. Then after putting salt in a glass full of chha, offered it to Mahatma (yogi) Ji and said, “Maharaj Ji, have chha!” Even after calling again and again, Maharaj Ji did not speak. Then she gathered the neighbours and told them that this Mahatma Ji had come to drink chha. I told him, “Maharaj, I will just prepare chha. It will take me approximately an hour to prepare chha.” He said, “All right Mai, I will do my bhajan.” Now he is not speaking at all. (That Mahatma Ji thought that mai will take an hour to prepare chha. Until then let me concentrate and do some meditation. Various views become visible inside through concentration. One who gets addicted to this then sees internal views more than the external ones. Like, if someone goes in a fair, there are various types of plays, dramas, songs, music, and objects there. He gets so busy in watching them that he even becomes oblivious of time. Similarly, there are films playing inside also. The internal views become visible to a devotee who has acquired good sadhna. Consequently, he loses touch with the outside world and keeps sitting in a carefree way for many hours and days. That Mahatma Ji was also in a meditative state). All the people also called him but Maharaj Ji did not move a slightest bit. Then they all decided to call a fellow sadhak of his. Only he will wake him by some trick. With this in mind, one person reached the place where other sadhaks used to do sadhna. When those sages came to know about it, then 2-3 sages arrived where that Mahatma was sitting in a meditative state. They also tried but Maharaj did not wake up. Then his fellow devotees said that he is in meditation. Do not disturb him. He will get up on his own. Hence, the same was done. Years passed away but that sadhak did not wake up from his meditation. A separate roof was built over him. After thousands of years, he woke up. (At that time that village had also got ruined. There was nobody there.) on waking up, he said – mai, bring chha (lassi)!

Varshon vyarth ganvaay yogi, ichchha miti na chaah
Uth nadaan puchhat hai, laao mai chhah

Now the readers should themselves contemplate that if wishes and desires of pleasures of worldly materials did not even end with so much practice of meditation, then what can those, who practice meditation for two and a half hours or by dancing around, attain? That sadhak has done dyaan yagya; the result of which has been described earlier. Without Satnaam and without a Complete Guru, the chronic illness of birth-death of a living being can not end. The meaning of Adhyay 6 Shlok 5 and 6 is that a man is his own enemy if he does evil acts. By doing good deeds he is his own friend i.e. gets his welfare done. On gaining complete knowledge of the Supreme God, by doing sadhna according to the scriptures, this soul is its own friend; otherwise, is an enemy.

Who is a Yogi?

In Adhyay 6 Shlok 7, 8, God is saying that Arjun, a devotee who remains same in hot–cold weather, sorrows–joys, and respect–insult, he is a risen soul; he always remains engrossed in God and for him a stone, earth and gold all are equal. That yogi is said to have attained God.

In Adhyay 6 Shlok 9 God states that a person who considers a friend and a foe alike i.e. is unbiased and looks upon those who are hostile and relatives as well as sinners as one. He is a yogi, in reality.

Please ponder: - All these qualities were already present in Arjun who is saying that God, I will not fight. I consider it better to survive on begged food than causing this damage. See Gita Ji Adhyay 2 Shlok 4 and 6. On one hand, God (Kaal) is saying that Arjun, fight. Then says that Arjun, become a yogi. Please read carefully the characteristics of a yogi in the shloks 7, 8, 9 above. In this it is self-evident that this knowledge is not of God Krishna, rather has been delivered by Kaal (Brahm) whose aim was only to cause harm (murders through battle). At the same time is giving correct knowledge. The characteristics of a yogi (bhakt/devotee) are non-violence and peaceableness, and should be everyone’s well-wisher. But, besides this, is also inspiring to fight. Nobody can follow non-violence or peaceableness in a battle.

Kabir, Kabira khada bazaar mein, sab ki maange khair
Na kaahu se dosti, na kaahu se bair

Please ponder: - It has been advised to practice yog by sitting in a special seat and practicing Hathyog (forceful discipline) for the purification of the inner-self; salvation is not possible. Even if the inner-self is purified and one did not get the correct naam, then also sadhna is useless and one will get the benefit of only Dhyaan Yagya. The inner-self is purified by all the yagyas. A devotee, who performs Dharm Yagya (meritorious actions), Dhyaan Yagya (yagya of concentration/sumiran of naam), Hawan Yagya (lights lamp) Pranaam Yagya (yagya of prostration) and Gyaan Yagya (of knowledge), becomes polite and also gets the fruits of the yagyas. Like, if you plough a field and make it suitable for sowing (inner-self is purified), and then do not sow the seed; then that prepared ground is useless. Likewise, all sadhna is useless without naam (Satnaam). The fruits of yagyas are like an abandoned ploughed field. Then continue putting manure in it and irrigating it. Grass and bushes will grow there. They do provide some benefit, however if a seed (wheat) is sowed then animal fodder will also be produced and one gets chapattis also i.e. if one has to receive full benefit of the three loks then like what is written in Gita that Arjun, if one performs yagya and chants ‘Om’ naam after taking it from a Complete Guru, then one can attain Mahaswarg/ the great heaven. (If one has to receive full benefit than after sowing the Satnaam-like seed and going to Amarlok, a soul becomes immortal).

Please ponder: - God is telling Arjun that a yogi achieves success in sadhna by observing Brahmcharya (celibacy). And that also upto heaven. When, actually, Arjun had two wives. One was Subhadra (God Krishna’s sister) and the second, Draupadi. It is evident from this that the knowledge upto Brahm was delivered by Kaal only.

The Method of Attaining the Joy of the Benefits of the Purna Parmatma and Information on Prohibition of Fasts

Please consider: - It has been clarified in Adhyay 6 Shlok 16 that yog sadhna is not accomplished by fasting (by those who do not consume food); which means, it has been completely prohibited to keep fasts, and excessive eating is also forbidden. To sleep and remain awakened excessively is also a hinderance in the sadhna of a devotee.

The translation of Shlok 20 is that while performing the sadhna (practice of yog) of restraining mind (man) i.e. {(upar mate) i.e. by doing sadhna according to the views based on the scriptures which have been mentioned earlier, the meaning of mat/views is to do scripture-based sadhna after taking spiritual instruction from a Complete Saint and to remain within the bounds of the Guru and remain dependant on one Purna Parmatma with full faith. To become free from lust, anger, greed, attachment and arrogance. This opinion (advice) has been given}, when one becomes steady, in that state, (aatmna) through the knowledge of self, (aatmnaam) seeing i.e. understanding one’s state as a living being, (aatmni) becomes contented in aatmtattav i.e. bhakti of the Purna Parmatma; which means, considers a living being and a soul to be in one state like, the state of ice and water. Because ice is made from water, similarly, a soul only has become a living being; until it is ice, it does not have the qualities of water. Likewise, ice is ice and water is water. If someone says that ice only is water, then he is not correctly informed. If someone says that a living being only is Brahm i.e. is God, he is an ignorant. If water is formed from ice then it will have the qualities of water. Similarly when Brahm will be formed out of a living being, then he will be Brahm i.e. will not remain a living being.

Gist: - It has been stated in Adhyay 6 Shlok 16 to 29 that to attain the never ending joy (complete liberation) of the Purna Parmatma, one should properly do sadhna according to the Holy Scriptures. Find the Complete Guru who shows the path to the Purna Parmatma. Then with sincerity, full faith and with resolute mind, remembering the knowledge of self and the sufferings of a living being, one who does not perform yagya according to the above-mentioned (uparmate) description, he is a sinner-thief. One should perform the yagya also through the Guru in accordance with the ordinances of the scriptures (matparH) based on the views (Matavlambi). The devotion of the Supreme God can give complete liberation (Supreme salvation) and supreme peace. Only a devotee, who correctly understands the state of God and a living being, attains complete liberation. Those living beings who are under the authority of Kaal (Brahm) regard him (Kaal-Brahm) as God. Kaal (Brahm) has full authority over them. Those who are hans (souls) of Sahib Kabir, they are out of Kaal’s control. Therefore, has said that those who worship me, Kaal, they consider me everything and those beings are not away from my vision i.e. I (Kaal) keep a complete watch on them i.e. that worshipper of Kaal, who performs sadhna of Brahm, he remains in the trap of Kaal (Brahm). He who worships the Purna Parmatma (Supreme God), he is out of Kaal’s control. For a devotee who does sadhna, the sadhna is considered successful only if the senses are controlled by mind, otherwise not.

Restraining mind is like stopping the flow of wind

In Adhyay 6 Shlok 33, 34, Arjun is saying that God! Restrining mind is like stopping the flow of wind i.e. is impossible. In Adhyay 6 Shlok 35, 36, God is saying that I agree that mind is restless. It is brought under control with great difficulty. Nevertheless, it can be overpowered by practice of scripture-based sadhna and according to the method mentioned in this Adhyay’s Shlok 1 to 9, by Vairagya (asceticism). If the mind is not overpowered then the yogi is a failure i.e. instead of liberation attains hell. Even God Shiv could not overpower mind, who practiced vairagya for 88 thousand years. Then how can an ordinary person and Arjun control mind? Kaal God’s (Jyoti Niranjan) knowledge is correct but the sadhna which he has described is not complete to control the mind. That sadhna has been described by Sahib Kabir Ji who says that whether you live with children or acquire vairagya, but do make a Complete Saint your Guru who gives Satnaam and Saarnaam. Perform scripture-based sadhna, do not behave arbitrarily, then you can become liberated from Kaal’s trap.

What will happen if a Devotee’s Sadhna becomes corrupted?

Please Ponder: - In Adhyay 6 Shlok 37 to 39, Arjun asks that suppose a devotee (yogi) while doing sadhna becomes unsteady in between, does he then go to hell i.e. does he suffer disaster. In Adhyay 6 from Shlok 40 to 44, God replies that such a person neither remains of this world, nor of the other (Parlok) i.e. is neither of home nor workplace; his life goes in vain. Because, oh dear (Arjun), a person who acts for his deliverance and does not get astray from the path of bhakti, he does not suffer disaster. In Gita Adhyay 6 Shlok 40 to 44, there is description of a devotee who has strayed from the path of sadhna. That devotee who has strayed from the path of bhakti remains neither of home nor workplace, i.e. experiences utter destruction. He, after experiencing the sufferings of the 84 lakh births, on the basis of his virtuous deeds, finishing his virtuous deeds in loks like heaven etc, again takes birth in the family of virtuous bhakts; but Arjun such a birth is impossible.

Please ponder, the other translators of Gita Ji themselves give example of a Jadbharat yogi who had strayed from the path of bhakti.

Evidence of an evil plight of a yogi: -

In Srimad bhagwad Sudha Sagar, Skand 5 Adhyay 8 page no. 265, there is description of king Rishibhdev’s son, king Jadbharat.

One yogi named Jadbharat was doing sadhna. A female deer (doe/hind) came running with fear from someone and gave birth to a fawn (a young one) in front of him. Jadbharat reared that fawn out of compassion. Then he became so attached to it that one day when that fawn went far away and did not return for 2-3 days, the yogi, Jadbharat, because of attachment gave up food and sleep and fell sick. When that fawn returned then yogi Ji cuddled it and gave it lot of love. When Jadbharat was dying, his attachment (aastha) remained in that fawn. Therefore that Jadbharat yogi, because of going astray from yog, took birth from a doe’s womb, became a fawn and started playing with that fawn only i.e. suffered destruction.

The other translators of holy Gita Ji expressing their views, have further described that after experiencing the 84 lakh births, that same soul took birth in an upper class family (Brahmins) and after doing bhakti became liberated.

Even if we believe this then also suffered disaster and then who knows whether bhakti will be successful or not? If liberation is possible only by taking birth in upper caste families (Brahmin) then other castes will become devoid of bhakti and liberation.

Important consideration: There is no caste or religion in God’s place. Wherever, a soul endowed with bhakti, is born based on its sanskars, it soon becomes engaged in bhakti. But he, who will become deviated from path, will certainly get the 84 lakh births.

A sadhak born in a Brahmin family, while doing sadhna, kept taking three consecutive births in Brahmin families. In the last moments when he was about to die, a few days prior to that, he became attracted towards the beauty of a girl who was daughter of a leather worker (chamaar). But he consoled his mind and converting his bad thought with god-will, thought that, Oh God, such a beautiful woman may become my mother! Then that sadhak was born in a leather-worker’s house and then after taking naam first of all from Guru Ramanand and then from the Purna (Complete) Guru, Kabir Sahib, attained salvation. That devotee was Sant Ravidas Ji. The readers may kindly decide contemplate themselves.

The summary of Adhyay 6 Shlok 40 to 44 is that a sadhak, who has strayed from the path, is surely for once drawn towards decline under the influence of his deeds even if he keeps endeavouring for yog, and remains devoid of the fruits of Purna Brahm, but after experiencing his sinful deeds and then the sufferings of 84 lakh births, then as a result of the virtuous deeds of various previous births, he attains a human life and takes birth in the family of righteous persons. Then after taking naam from a Purna Guru and doing scripture-based sadhna, he can attain the supreme achievement but such a human life of his is very difficult to attain.

Who is a Complete (Purna) Yogi?

In Adhyay 6 Shlok 45, 46, God is saying that a sadhak who does sadhna of Satyanaam is superior to ascetics and the scholars mentioned in Gita Adhyay 7 Shlok 16 to 18 and is also superior to those who act with desires. Therefore, oh Arjun! You may become a Karmyogi (a sadhak of naam).

Please Ponder: Only he can be a yogi who overpowers mind and senses. This is utterly impossible; without overpowering mind (man), liberation is not possible. Now the readers should themselves contemplate. In Adhyay 6 Shlok no. 47, it is said that among all the naam sadhaks also (those who do sadhna of naam,) those who have full faith in me, are the superiormost in my opinion. Because whether one does bhakti of Brahm, or ParBrahm, or of Purna Brahm, it should be done with full faith. Only then can one obtain full benefit of that God. But they are also engrossed in darkness of ignorance i.e. in incomplete sadhna, because Brahm’s (Kaal’s) sadhaks also do not escape from punishment of deeds. Its evidence is also in Gita Adhyay 4 Shlok 40, and is also in Gita Adhyay 7 Shlok 18 and Gita Adhyay 5 Shlok 29. It is clear in this that among all the devout persons one who (Matanusar) solely, with a true heart, worships me (Brahm), does my bhajan, he is spiritually successful in my opinion i.e. his sadhna is successful. The meaning of matanusar: Abandoning the sadhna of all gods-goddesses and fasts, and also giving up sadhna of the three gunas (Rajgun Brahma, Satgun Vishnu, Tamgun Shiv), to do avyabhicharini (unadulterous) bhakti i.e. to do sadhna entirely of one God with undivided attention is said to be Matavlambi or Matanusar sadhna. Nonetheless, Brahm has referred his sadhna as consisting of darkness of ignorance, because in holy Gita Adhyay 7 Shlok 18 he has called his salvation as inferior (Anuttam). Then in holy Gita Adhyay 18 Shlok 62 has indicated that if you want to attain the supreme peace in the form of complete salvation and the place Satyalok, then go in the refuge of that Supreme God (Purna Brahm).