Chapter 13 Verse 19

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 13 Verse 19

Prkritim’, purusham’, ch, ev, viddhi, anaadi, ubhau, api,
Vikaaraan’, ch, gunaan’, ch, ev, viddhi, prakritisambhvaan’ ||19||

Translation: (Prkritim’) Prakriti i.e. First Maya who is also known as Parashakti (ch) and (Purusham’) the Supreme God (ubhau) these two (ev) only (anaadi) beginningless (viddhi) know (ch) and (vikaaraan’) defects like love-hatred etc (ch) and (gunaan’) the three gunas i.e. Rajgun-Brahma, Satgun-Vishnu and Tamgun-Shiv ji (api) also (prakritisambhvaan’, ev) born of Prakriti only (viddhi) know. (19)

Translation

Prakriti i.e. First Maya who is also known as Parashakti and the Supreme God – know these two only as beginningless, and know the defects like love-hatred etc and also the three gunas i.e. Rajgun-Brahma, Satgun-Vishnu and Tamgun-Shiv ji to be born of Prakriti only. This very evidence is also in Gita Adhyay 14 Shlok 5 that the three gunas i.e. Rajgun-Brahma, Satgun-Vishnu and Tamgun-Shiv ji have originated from Prakriti.


प्रकृतिम्, पुरुषम्, च, एव, विद्धि, अनादी, उभौ, अपि।
विकारान्, च, गुणान्, च, एव, विद्धि, प्रकृतिसम्भवान्।।19।।

अनुवाद: (प्रकृतिम्) प्रकृृति अर्थात् प्रथम माया जिसे पराशक्ति भी कहते हैं (च) और (पुरुषम्) पूर्ण परमात्मा (उभौ) इन दोनोंको (एव) ही तू (अनादी) अनादि (विद्धि) जान (च) और (विकारान्) राग-द्वेषादि विकारोंको (च) तथा (गुणान्) त्रिगुणात्मक तीनों गुणों अर्थात् रजगुण ब्रह्मा,सतगुण विष्णु तथा तम्गुण शिव जी को (अपि) भी (प्रकृतिसम्भवान् एव) प्रकृृतिसे ही उत्पन्न (विद्धि) जान। यही प्रमाण गीता अध्याय 14 श्लोक 5 में भी है कि तीनों गुण अर्थात् रजगुण ब्रह्मा, सतगुण विष्णु तथा तमगुण शिव जी प्रकृृति से उत्पन्न हैं। (19)