In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 22, the Speaker of Gita has clearly given evidence of God other than him. This verse has been completely misinterpreted in the Gita published from Gita Press Gorakhpur.
Actual translation:- Like, there has been a description in the previous verses that God lives with every living being just as the sun appears to be situated in the water of each pot. It is giving its heat to the water. Likewise, God is situated in the heart of every living being. Just as a solar power plant, wherever it is installed, absorbs the heat from the sun and stores as energy; likewise, God lives with every living being. Therefore, it is stated in this verse (Gita Chapter 13 Verse 22) that because of being the Master of all the gods, that God is “Maheshwar”; because of sustaining and nurturing everyone, He is the “Doer”; because of seeing every activity of all the living beings while sitting in Satyalok, He is the “Spectator”. A living being / soul performs all the tasks with the power of God. A soul is a part of God. (In Ramayan also, it is said – Ishwar Ansh Jeev Avinashi) Due to which, whatever joy or sorrow a living being/soul experiences due to the deeds done by him or her, God also feels that joy and sorrow of His part.
It is written in Sukshm Ved –
“Kabir kah mere jeev ko dukh na deejo koye,
Bhakt dukhaye main dukhi mera aapa bhi dukhi hoye |”
Therefore, He is called the “Experiencer”. God secretly gives appropriate advice to every living being; therefore, He is called the “Permitter”. (The division of the word Paramatma = Param + Atma = Supreme Soul.) If someone gives the experience of sorrow as well as of joy and whatever deed a living being performs, he or she definitely gets its result, then he is not called “Paramatma”; he is not Supreme Soul. Like, it is a rule in this Kaal’s (Brahm’s) Lok that based on whatever deed you will perform, God will definitely give its result to you. Then, he is indeed the Master, but he is not the Supreme Soul. The (ParH) other (PurushH) God lives with the soul in this human body in an inseparable way. Like, the sun gives its energy to everyone; similarly, this other God has the abovementioned glory. Like, the bulb that glows with the solar energy has the sun in it, meaning the power of sun works in it. Likewise, understand the role of the Complete God.
Even in Gita Chapter 13 Verse 23, another (Purushm) God has been mentioned. It has been stated that a saint who knows about (Purushm) God and Prakriti along with the Gunas in the abovementioned way, that saint-worshipper (vartmaan) while remaining engrossed in God in every way is not reborn, that is, he attains complete salvation.
Even in Gita Chapter 13 Verse 24, there is mention of another God who is other than the Speaker of Gita. It is stated that the God who just like sun lives inseparably with the soul, worshippers see Him in the heart with divine vision through meditation; like the electricity is seen via a tester. Other worshippers, after listening to the knowledge and believing it, accept the image of God. Other devotees (Karmyogen) on seeing the actions, that is, divine plays of God, come to know about the existence of God. Like, the population of the world is approximately 7 arab (7 billion). Nobody’s face matches with each other. (A poet has said – “Kayi arab banaaye bande, aankh naak haath lagaaye ek-doosre ke naal koyi bhi, ralde nahin ralaaye”) This also proves that there is some Omniscient power that is called “Parmatma” (God). Some devotees on seeing such acts of God believe in God.
In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 25, it has been stated that those who are not educated and who do not meditate, who are unable to understand knowledge and neither are able to understand God from His creation, they, on hearing the glory of God from other educated and learned people, accept that if this educated and learned person is saying, then God exists. Then they start doing worship. Because of listening to them, accepting the existence of God, they start doing worship; as a result of which they cross over the mortal world.
In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 26, only this much is said that all the living beings are born by the union of Kshetra, that is, body of Durga and Kshetragya, that is, the speaker of Gita, Kshar Brahm. Do remember, the speaker of Gita in this very Chapter 13 Verse 1 has said that body is called “Kshetra”, and one who knows about the body is called “Kshetragya”. In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 2 (OR 26), it is said that whichever living beings are born in this Kaal Lok (twenty-one Brahmands), they are born from the union of Durga and Kaal God, that is, Kaal’s Creation is produced from male and female by the inspiration of Kaal.
In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 27, another God is clear who is other than (different to) the Speaker of Gita: - Like, it has been mentioned in the previous verses along with the evidence that the Supreme God is sitting in the heart of every living being just as the sun is visible in the pots filled with water. Similarly, in this Verse 27, it is stated that the Supreme God is sitting in the heart. Even when the body of a living being is destroyed, the Supreme God is not destroyed. Like, if a pot breaks and its water spills on the ground and gets absorbed in the ground; nonetheless, the sun is unchanged. Therefore, Supreme God is immortal.
A saint, who perceives God with this viewpoint, knows Him correctly. He is a Tatvadarshi Saint.
Let us find out: -
Division of word of “Parmeshwar” = Param + Ishwar
Interpretation: - The meaning of “Ish” is Lord, God, Master.
“Var” means supreme, husband
1. ‘Ish’ is the Speaker of Gita “Kshar Purush, that is, Kshar Brahm who is the Ish, that is, the Lord of twenty-one brahmands.
2. Ishwar = Ish, that is, God greater than Kshar Purush. He is the Lord of only 7 Sankh brahmands. He is also called Akshar Purush and ParBrahm.
3. Parmeshwar = He who is (Param) superior to Ishwar, that is, who is greater than Akshar Purush. He is the Lord of infinite brahmands. He is also called Param Akshar Brahm. (Its evidence is given in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 3) In Gita Chapter 15 Verse 16-17, there is description of three Purushs (gods). Kshar Purush – he is Ish, the Speaker of the knowledge of Gita, and Akshar Purush – he is Ishwar. And in Gita Chapter 15 Verse 17, it is stated that (Uttam PurushH) Purushottam, that is, the most superior God is actually different to the two (Kshar Purush and Akshar Purush) mentioned in the above Verse (Gita Chapter 15 Verse 16). In reality, He only is called “Parmatma”. He only entering into the three loks [the area of twenty-one brahmands of Kshar Brahm is called Kaal Lok, and the area of the 7 sankh brahmands of Akshar Purush is called the Lok of ParBrahm, and the area of the upper four loks (Satyalok, Alakh Lok, Agam Lok, and Akah Lok), Amar Lok, is called the Lok of Parmeshwar/Supreme God. Thus, there is description of three Loks here] sustains everyone. He is actually the Immortal God.
In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 27, there is word “Parmeshwar”, which is indicative of the Almighty, the Sustainer-of- all other than the Speaker of Gita.
In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 28 also, there is evidence of a God other than the Speaker of Gita. In this Verse, the word “Ishwar” is indicative of Parmeshwar (Supreme God). Like, the meaning of ‘Ish’ is Lord; ‘Var’ means ‘Supreme’. In reality, the ‘Ish’ or Lord of all is Param Akshar Brahm. He only is the Supreme Ish; therefore, the word “Ishwar” based on the context is indicative of the Complete/Supreme God. If the other ‘Ish’ had not been fake lords, there would have been no need for the words ‘Ishwar’ and ‘Parmeshwar’. Therefore, in this verse, consider the word ‘Ishwar’ to be indicative of ‘Satya Purush’ (Supreme God).
The meaning of Gita Chapter 13 Verse 28, the speaker of Gita has stated that [a worshipper who sees Supreme God equally in everything, (Aatmanm) his soul (Aatmna) does not destroy by his ignorant soul, that is, by correctly understanding God and worshipping Him (TatH) by it (Paraam = Paraa) other (Gatim) salvation (Yaati) attains.] a worshipper, who sees Supreme God equally in everything, does not destroy his soul by his ignorant soul, that is, by correctly understanding God and worshipping Him, he attains the other salvation by it, that is, that worshipper attains the salvation other than the supreme salvation of the Speaker of Gita (which has been mentioned in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 13).
It is clear in Gita Chapter 13 Verse 30 that the Speaker of Gita has described the glory of a God other than him. He has stated that consider a saint, who considers all the living beings despite having different states to be under one Almighty God, to have attained “Sachidanandghan Brahm”, that is, Param Akshar Brahm. By doing true bhakti, he attains that Supreme God.
Even in Gita Chapter 13 Verse 31, the Speaker of Gita has mentioned about “Parmatma” (God) other than him. In this Verse, there is word “Parmatma”, whose clear definition has been given in Gita Chapter 15 Verse 17. It is stated that He, who is Uttam Purush, that is, Supreme God, by entering into the three Loks sustains everyone. He is the Immortal God in reality. He only is called “Parmatma”. He is other than Kshar Purush and Akshar Purush.
In this Verse (Gita Chapter 13 Verse 31) also, this only has been clarified that, that God, because of being beginningless and Nirgun, even while residing in the body of every living being (like a sun in a pot of water) neither does anything [because the power of God performs all the tasks. Like, the sun is visible in the water of the pot. The water is getting heated by it. The sun does not appear to do it; its heat is doing it. The sun does not seem to be doing anything] nor does God get smeared in the body. (Like, the sun does not get smeared in the water).
In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 32 also, this very evidence is given.
In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 33, the state of the soul and the body has been mentioned.
In Gita Chapter 13 Verse 34, the Speaker of Gita has given information about the Supreme God other than him. He has stated that – In this way those worshippers who with the eyes of knowledge, that is, by Tatvgyan become conversant with the difference between Kshetra (body) and Kshetragya (Speaker of Gita), they, on finding a Tatvdarshi Saint, by doing true scripture-based worship while performing daily tasks, by understanding the Tatvgyan and gaining freedom from Kaal’s Prakriti, that is, the web of Kaal, attain that Param, that is, other Param Brahm Parmatma (Supreme God).
It has become clear from the abovementioned description that there is a Complete God other than the Speaker of Gita. By worshipping Him, a worshipper attains the complete salvation that has been mentioned in Gita Chapter 15 Verse 4 that – after gaining Tatvgyan, one should search for that supreme state of the Supreme God, having gone where, a worshipper never returns to this world.
Summary – From the abovementioned pieces of evidence and the aforesaid proofs from Chapter 13, it has become clear that there is Param Akshar Brahm, that is, Complete God other than the Speaker of Gita. The speaker of Gita has advised to go in His refuge in Gita Chapter 18 Verses 62, 66. He only is the Giver of complete salvation; He only is worthy of being worshipped; He only is the Creator of all; He only is the Preserver of all, the Sustainer of all, the Giver of all happiness. He is called “Parmatma”.