Question: - Is complete salvation possible by the Worship of Brahm, the giver of the Knowledge of Gita?
Answer: - No.
Question: - There is evidence in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16 that the giver of the knowledge of Gita has stated that O Arjun! After attaining me, one is not reborn. How can you say that complete salvation is not possible by the worship of Brahm?
Answer: - There is evidence in Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Mahapuran (Sachitra Mota Type, Keval Hindi, Published from Gita Press Gorakhpur), Seventh Skand, page 562-563 that Shri Devi ji while instructing King Himalaya said that - Oh King! Leaving everything else, even relinquishing my worship, only chant one ‘Om’ mantra. This is the only one mantra for the attainment of “Brahm”. By this you will attain Brahm who is beyond this world. May you be blessed. He lives in the Brahmlok- like divine sky.
Meaning is that for worship of Brahm, there is only one mantra “Om”. Brahm is attained by it and that worshipper goes to Brahm Lok. In this very Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16, it is stated that all the loks including Brahm Lok recur, that is, even a worshipper who has gone to Brahm Lok has rebirth. One does not attain complete salvation by the worship of Brahm.
The translation of this Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16 (in the Gita published from Gita Press Gorakhpur and in Gita of other publications) has been done incorrectly.
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16:
Aa Brahm bhuvnaat lokaH punravartinH Arjun |
Mam upetya tu Kauntey punarjanm na vidyate || (16)
It has been translated incorrectly, which is as follows: -
“O Arjun! All the loks upto Brahm Lok recur, that is, having gone where one has to return to the world. But after attaining me, one does not have rebirth.” (This translation is wrong.) Please see the translation of Chapter 8 Verse 16, which has been translated by the translators of Gita Press Gorakhpur.
Its actual correct translation is as follows: - “All the loks upto Brahm Lok recur, that is, those who have gone to Brahm Lok also have rebirth. Those who do not know this, O Arjun, even after attaining me, they have rebirth.” In this verse, the meaning of word “vidyate” is “to know”. In Gita Chapter 6 Verse 23, the meaning of word “vidyaat” has been written as “to know”. Therefore, here in this Verse also, the meaning of “Vidyate” should be “to know”. To explain it further, Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 15 is sufficient.
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 15
Original Text: Mam upetya punarjanm duHkhaalayam ashaashvatam |
Na aapnuvanti mahatmanH sansiddhim parmaam gataaH || (8/15)
Translation: - (Mam) after attaining me (punarjanm) one is reborn, which (ashaashvatam) mortal life (duHkhalayam) is a house of miseries. (parmaam) supreme (sansiddhim gataaH) attained siddhi (mahatmanH) Mahatmas (na aapnuvanti) are not reborn.
Translation: - After attaining me, one is reborn. The mortal life is a house of miseries. Mahatmas, who have attained supreme siddhi, are not reborn. (Gita Chapter 8 Verse 15)
Meaning: - The Speaker of the knowledge of Gita has said that after attaining me, one gets this short-term life which is a house of miseries, and one has birth-death. Those mahatmas, who attain supreme salvation, are not reborn.
Please think: - If we draw the summary of Gita Chapter 8 Verse 1 to 10, it is as follows: - Arjun asked (Gita Chapter 8 Verse 1) that - what is ‘Tat Brahm’? The giver of the knowledge of Gita gave its answer in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 3 that - He is “Param Akshar Brahm”.
Then in Gita Chapter 8 Verses 5 to 7, the Speaker of the knowledge of Gita has asked to do his worship, and in Gita Chapter 8 Verses 8, 9, 10, he has asked to do worship of “Param Akshar Brahm”. In Gita Chapter 8 Verse 13, he has told the mantra of his worship that - ‘Om’ is the only one word for me Brahm. One, who leaves his body while remembering it by chanting, attains my supreme salvation. Previously, we have proved from Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Puran that by chanting ‘Om’ mantra, Brahm Lok is attained. It is clear in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16 that a worshipper who has gone to Brahm Lok is also reborn. Therefore, in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 13, there is description of the supreme salvation obtained by chanting ‘Om’ mantra, but the Sachidanand Ghan Brahm whose worship has been advocated in Gita Chapter 8 Verses 8, 9, 10, His mantra is mentioned in Gita Chapter 17 Verse 23.
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 23
Om, Tat, Sat, iti nirdeshH BrahmnH trividhH smritH |
BrahmanaH ten vedaH ch yagyaH ch vihitaH pura || (17/23)
Translation: - The mantra of the worship of Sachidanand Ghan Brahm is “Om Tat Sat”.
“Om” mantra is of Brahm, that is, Kshar Purush. “Tat” – this is coded and is of Akshar Purush. “Sat” mantra is also coded and is of Param Akshar Brahm. By chanting these three mantras, that supreme salvation will be obtained which has been mentioned in Gita Chapter 15 Verse 4. Having gone where, worshippers never return to this world.
If we consider this meaning of Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16 to be correct that ‘one who attains me is not reborn’, then Gita Chapter 2 Verse 12, Gita Chapter 4 Verse 5 and Gita Chapter 10 Verse 2 prove to be wrong in which the speaker of the knowledge of Gita has said that – ‘Arjun! You and I have had several births; you do not know. I know. Neither the gods know about my origin, nor the sages, nor the Siddhs.’ It is a matter of consideration that when the deity has birth and death, then how the worshipper can attain that salvation by which one is not reborn.
Therefore, only the translation of Gita Chapter 8 Verse 16 which I have done above is correct that the speaker of the knowledge of Gita has stated that all the loks up to Brahm Lok recur, that is, even the living beings who have gone to Brahm Lok return to the world and are reborn. Those, who do not know this, even after doing my worship are reborn. Therefore, the Giver of the knowledge of Gita has said in Chapter 18 Verse 62 that - O Arjun! You may go in the refuge of that Supreme God in all respects. By the grace of only that Supreme God, you will attain supreme peace and eternal supreme abode, that is, Satyalok. This same evidence is also in Gita Chapter 15 Verse 4 that after obtaining Tatvgyan from the Tatvadarshi saint, slashing ignorance with that Tatvagyan-like weapon, one should search for that supreme state of the Supreme God; having gone where, the worshippers never return to the world.
The Supreme God from whom the world-like tree has extended, that is, the Supreme God who has created the world, the Speaker of the knowledge of Gita states that – ‘Only worship Him. Only He can bless everyone.’
It has been proved that complete salvation is not possible by the worship of Brahm. Complete salvation is possible only by the worship of the Complete God (Param Akshar Brahm).