Question: - Is God one or many?
Answer: The Master of the lineage is One.
Question: - Who is that God who is the Master of the lineage? Where is the evidence?
Answer: - That God is “Param Akshar Brahm” who is the Master of the lineage.
Evidence: - is in Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 Verses 1 to 4 and 16-17. The summary or meaning of Gita Chapter 15 Verses 1 to 4 is that “consider the world to be like an upside-down hanging tree. Like the roots of the tree are above, and consider the three gunas-like branches to be below. In Gita Chapter 15 Verse 1, this has also been clarified that - what is the identity of a Tatvadarshi Saint? A Tatvadarshi Saint is he who distinctly tells all the parts of the world-like tree.
Important: - The Ved mantras that have been mentioned have been translated by the Acharyas and Maharishi Dayanand of Arya Samaj, and published by the Sarvadeshik Arya Pratinidhi Sabha, Delhi. It is described in them that the Supreme God, by Himself appearing on earth in His body, behaving like poets, utters the true spiritual knowledge. (Evidence is given in Rigved Mandal no. 9 Sukt 86 Mantra 26-27; Rigved Mandal 9 Sukt 82 Mantra 1- 2; Rigved Mandal 9 Sukt 96 Mantra 16 to 20; Rigved Mandal 9 Sukt 94 Mantra 1; Rigved Mandal 9 Sukt 95 Mantra 2; Rigved Mandal 9 Sukt 20 Mantra 1; Rigved Mandal 9 Sukt 54 Mantra 3) It is mentioned in these Mantras that God is situated in the Lok (world) which is above all the loks (worlds). Whenever unrighteousness rises due to an upsurge in ignorance on earth, God Himself walks from there and appears in a body on earth and behaving like poets, spreads the true spiritual knowledge through proverbs, hymns, quadruplets, verses, poems etc. by roaming around. Due to which, He also acquires the title of a famous poet.
God had narrated the knowledge by uttering from His lotus-mouth. It is called Suksham Ved. It is also called ‘Tatv Gyan’ (True Spiritual Knowledge). Because of disseminating the Tatvgyan, God also becomes known as a “Tatvadarshi Saint”. That God who appeared in the form of a Tatvadarshi Saint described all the parts of the world-like tree in this way: -
Kabir, Akshar Purush ek vriksh hai, Kshar Purush vaaki daar |
Teeno deva shaakha hain, paat roop sansaar ||
Meaning: - The part of the tree that is visible outside the ground is called trunk. Like, the trunk of the world-like tree is Akshar Purush. A big branch originates from the trunk. Consider it to be Kshar Purush. Imagine three branches to be originating from the big branch. Consider them to be the three gods (Rajgun Brahma ji, Satgun Vishnu ji and Tamgun Shiv ji), and consider the shoots and leaves on these branches to be the world. The abovementioned parts of the world-like tree are visible outside the ground. The roots are under the ground. All the parts of the tree get nourishment from the roots.
In Gita Chapter 15 Verses 16- 17, three Purushs (Gods) have been mentioned. In Verse 16, two Purushs (Gods) have been mentioned – “Kshar Purush and Akshar Purush”. The state of both of them has been mentioned above.
In Gita Chapter 15 Verse 16 also, it has been mentioned that Kshar Purush and Akshar Purush, both are mortal. All the living beings under them are also mortal. But no one’s soul dies.
In Gita Chapter 15 Verse 17, it is mentioned that the Uttam Purush (Supreme God), that is, Purushottam is different to Kshar Purush and Akshar Purush. He is called God. Information about this very God has been given in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 3, where he has been called “Param Akshar Brahm”. In Gita Chapter 15 Verse 17 also, there is mention of Him only. This very God sustains everyone by entering into the three worlds. In reality, He is the Immortal God.
A tree is nourished by the roots only; therefore, He who sustains everyone is Param Akshar Brahm. Like, previously, it has been described in Gita Chapter 15 Verses 1-4 that the world-like tree has the roots (origin) above and the branches below. A tree gets the nourishment from the roots only.
Therefore, Param Akshar Brahm, who is the root (origin) of the world-like tree, is the sustainer, that is, the Creator of all the Purushs (Gods). He is the Master of the lineage.