Bhagavad Gita Chapter 3
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 3 it has been said that those foolish devotees who forcefully control their senses of actions and sit in meditation, their mind continues to be overwhelmed by the influence of the senses of knowledge. Because of pretensions, those people appear to be in meditation. They are frauds i.e. by abandoning actions, one can not do bhakti / worship. By performing yagyas one can only attain wordly benefits but not liberation. The learned should do worship according to the scriptures.
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Chapter 3 Verse 1: O Janardan! If you accept the knowledge given by Tatvdarshi as superior in relation to action, then O Keshav! Why do you engage me in this terrible and inferior act of fighting and restraining senses by sitting in one place keeping neck and head straight as described in Gita Gita Chapter 6 Verse 10 to 15?
Chapter 3 Verse 2: These kinds of contradictory statements are confusing my mind. Therefore, tell me with conviction that one thing by which I shall attain well-being.
Chapter 3 Verse 3: O innocent! Two types of faiths have been explained earlier by me in this world. Out of them, the faith of the (Gyanis) knowledgeable persons is in Gyanyog i.e. in the conclusion of the way of worship drawn by one’s own wisdom, and the faith of the yogis is in Karmyog i.e. in doing sadhna besides performing the worldly tasks.
Chapter 3 Verse 4: God i.e. the complete salvation, which is achieved by following the scripture-based way of worship mentioned in the Holy Scriptures along with the performance of worldly tasks, is not attained without commencing the actions. For example, if someone has to harvest an acre of wheat crop, then it will only get cut after having initiated the process of harvesting. Then, the act of harvesting does not remain, and therefore by mere renunciation of actions and sitting in a special seat in one place through hathyog, siddhi/supernatural power is not attained.
Chapter 3 Verse 5: Undoubtedly, nobody remains without performing action even for a moment at any time. Because the whole mankind, overpowered by the Gunas – Rajgun Brahma, Satgun Vishnu, and Tamgun Shiv Ji produced by Prakriti i.e. Durga, is bound to perform actions. (Its evidence is also in Gita Chapter 14 Verse 3-5)
Chapter 3 Verse 6: That extremely foolish person, who by outwardly forcefully restraining all senses of actions, internally keeps brooding over the sense objects of those senses of knowledge, he is said to be a deceitful person i.e. a hypocrite. (Its detailed description is given in Gita Gita Chapter 17 Verse 19)
Chapter 3 Verse 7: But O Arjun! A person, who by bringing the senses under control internally, being unattracted, follows karmyog i.e. the act of bhakti in accordance with the injunctions of scriptures done simultaneously with the performance of worldly tasks, only he is superior.
Chapter 3 Verse 8: You should perform actions in accordance with the injunctions of the scriptures because compared to inaction i.e. compared to forcefully doing bhakti sitting in a solitary place on a special seat made of kush, doing bhakti while performing worldly tasks is superior, and by not doing action i.e. by doing hathyog, if you will keep sitting in a solitary place, then the maintainance of your body and family will also not be possible.
Chapter 3 Verse 9: In this world, only he gets bound to actions i.e. undergoes torture in the 84-lakh births, who, abandoning the injunctions of the scriptures, is engaged in other actions instead of the scripture-based actions done for the sake of yagya i.e. religious ceremonies. Therefore O Arjun! Becoming free from attachment, you should properly do scripture-based acts of bhakti worthy of being done i.e. kartavyakarm for the sake of that scripture-based yagya while performing the worldly actions; which means, do sadhna in accordance with the scriptures i.e. according to the rules.
Chapter 3 Verse 10: Prjapati, the lord of all beings, in the beginning of creation after creating all beings along with yagya, said to them that you may prosper from the yagya (religious acts) performed with food grain which is known as Dharmyagya, in which a common meal is provided etc, and may this Supreme God only, situated in yagya, be the giver of desired pleasures to you.
Chapter 3 Verse 11: Through this yagya, prosper the gods i.e. branches and those gods i.e. branches may prosper you people i.e. may provide you fruits based on sanskaar. Thus selflessly prospering each other, you will attain the supreme auspiciousness.
Chapter 3 Verse 12: Because of offering food to the God situated in those yagyas i.e. to the Purna Parmatma, the gods pleased by the yagya will keep giving its reward in the form of pleasures. He, who without offering the material pleasures given by them i.e. without doing yagya, charity etc, himself consumes it, is a thief in reality.
Chapter 3 Verse 13: Sages, who eat the Prasaad after having it offered to the God situated in the yagya i.e to the Purna Parmatma, are saved from all the sins resulting from not doing yagyas etc, and those sinful people who cook food only to nourish their bodies, they certainly eat sin only.
Chapter 3 Verse 14-15: Living beings arise from food grain, food grain arises from rain, rain arises from yagya, and yagya originates from prescribed actions. Consider the actions to be arising from Brahm, and Brahm i.e. Kshar Purush arising from the Eternal God. It has been proved from this that the All-pervading God is always situated in yagyas i.e. after accepting the partake of yagya, the giver of fruits is also that Purna Brahm only. (Its evidence is also in holy Gita Gita Chapter 4 Verse 13 that on the basis of gunas, by attaching actions, four varnas (castes) have been formed, and it is me, Brahm alone, who attaches the actions.
Chapter 3 Verse 16: O Paarth! In this world, one who does not act according to the wheel of nature thus prevalent by tradition i.e. who does not perform his duties, that sinful person, who enjoys the worldly pleasures through senses, is alive only in vain.
Chapter 3 Verse 17: But that man, who in reality is happy engrossed in the God living in an inseparable form with the soul, and is satisfied in the God alone and is contented with the God only, for him there does not seem to be any duty.
Chapter 3 Verse 18: In this world, neither that great man has any interest in the performance of action, nor only has any interest in the non-performance of actions, and also he does not even have a little interest in all the living beings. Because he, being free from self-interest, does not make anyone do worship which is not in accordance with the scriptures, nor himself does it. Neither does he do sadhna with the aim of making money, nor makes others do it.
Chapter 3 Verse 19: Therefore becoming free from attachment, always keep performing your prescribed duties adequately in accordance with the injunctions of the scriptures because by doing acts of bhakti after becoming free from desires, you will attain the Supreme God.
Chapter 3 Verse 20: Janak etc also attained supreme spiritual success only through actions devoid of attachment. For this reason and also keeping in view the welfare of the world you should do actions according to the scriptures besides performing the worldly tasks i.e. it is better for you to do karm.
Chapter 3 Verse 21: Whatever a great man, i.e. a devotee who does sadhna according to the injunctions of the scriptures does, other men also do the same. Whatever standards he sets, all the people start following it.
Chapter 3 Verse 22: O Arjun! Neither have I any duty in these three worlds, nor have I not attained any obtainable thing; yet I engage in action only.
Chapter 3 Verse 23: Because O Paarth! If ever I not engage carefully in actions, then there can be a lot of damage because human beings follow my path in all respects.
Chapter 3 Verse 24: If I do not perform action then all these human beings will become utterly destroyed, and I will be the cause of mixed castes (produced from union of a man and a woman of different castes) and will be the destroyer of all these people.
Chapter 3 Verse 25: O Bharat! As the ignorant persons attached to actions perform scripture-based actions, a wise man free from attachment should also perform the above-mentioned actions in accordance with the ordinances of the scriptures with the desire of making disciples wanting to gather people.
Chapter 3 Verse 26: Seeing clearly that there is harm from sadhna opposite to scriptures and benefit from scripture-based sadhna, (a knowledgeable person) should not cause change i.e. should not confuse the uneducated i.e. ignorant people firm on the scripture-based acts of bhakti based on the knowledge given by scripture-based worshippers, saying that you are uneducated, what do you know about the true way of worship. A knowledgeable person engrossed in other sadhna opposite to the scriptures should not confuse them out of his ego and while himself doing the acts of bhakti properly should also make them do it i.e. instead of misleading them should encourage them.
Chapter 3 Verse 27: All the actions are performed in all respects by the three gunas i.e. Rajgun Brahma, Satgun Vishnu, Tamgun Shiv Ji, produced from Prakriti -Durga, on the basis of sanskaars; although educated, devoid of Tatvgyan an ignorant person possessing ego thinks this – “I am the doer”.
Chapter 3 Verse 28: But O Great-Armed! A knowledgeable person who knows the truth about the respective spheres of gunas and actions i.e. a Tatvdarshi, after understanding this that all the gunas (the three qualities, Rajgun, Satgun, Tamgun) only are acting in the gunas (the three Gods), does not get attracted to them. In other words, whatever powers the three gunas – Rajgun Brahma ji, Satgun Vishnu ji, Tamgun Shiv ji have, a person who becomes completely familiar with this has this much faith left in these. (Its evidence is also given in Gita Chapter 2 Verse 45-46.) Giving up ego, he immediately starts doing scripture-based way of worship.
Chapter 3 Verse 29: Foolish persons, extremely deluded by the three gunas, the sons of Prakriti born of Prakriti, i.e. Rajgun Brahma Ji, Satgun Vishnu Ji, Tamgun Shiv Ji, remain engrossed in the acts of sadhna of the gunas i.e the three gods. The knowledgeable person who knows the true bhakti i.e. who does scripture-based sadhna can not deviate the dim-witted uneducated people i.e. ignorants, who do not fully understand i.e. who relinquishing the scripture-based way of worship act by nature and are firm on the sadhna of the three gunas i.e. Shri Brahma Ji, Shri Vishnu Ji, Shri Shiv Ji, from their wrong sadhna; they are surely ruined. Its evidence is also given in Gita Gita Chapter 7 Verse 12-15.
Chapter 3 Verse 30: With the mind fixed in the Purna Parmatma, offering all actions to me, being free from desire, possessiveness and lamentation, fight. Its evidence is also given in Gita Gita Chapter 18 Verse 66 that leaving all my religious observances into me, go in the refuge of the Almighty God.
Chapter 3 Verse 31: Whichever men, free from fault-finding and with faith, always follow this opinion i.e. this principle of mine, they are saved from the faulty actions done on relinquishing the ordinances of the scriptures i.e. relinquishing the principles.
Chapter 3 Verse 32: But those who blame and do not follow this opinion i.e. principle of mine, consider those fools to be enamoured in all knowledge and destroyed only.
Chapter 3 Verse 33: All living beings follow their nature. Knowledgeable persons also endeavour according to their nature on the basis of the path of bhakti concluded by them. What will (Hath) restrain accomplish?
Chapter 3 Verse 34: Love and hatred are present hidden in object of every sense. One should not come under their control because both of them are his obstructing great enemies.
Chapter 3 Verse 35: One’s scripture-based way of worship is much better than others’ arbitrary way of worship which is very well brought into practice, but is devoid of merits i.e. is done on relinquishing the injunctions of the scriptures. Even dying in one’s own way of worship is beneficial and another’s way of worship is frightening.
Chapter 3 Verse 36: O Krishna! Then inspired by what does this man himself even unwillingly commits this sin, as if driven by force.
Chapter 3 Verse 37: Arising from Rajogun this lust i.e. sex and this anger, an excessive eater i.e. destroyer of living being, is a great sinner. You may consider the above-mentioned sin only to be the enemy in this matter.
Chapter 3 Verse 38: Just as fire is covered by smoke and mirror by dust, just as foetus is covered by amnion; likewise, this knowledge is covered by the above-mentioned defects.
Chapter 3 Verse 39: And O son of Kunti, Arjun! Tthe knowledge of man is covered by the sex-like eternal enemy of the knowledgeable persons which can never be satiated like this fire.
Chapter 3 Verse 40: Senses, mind and intelligence – all these are said to be the dwelling place of this Kamdev i.e. sex. This desire of sexual pleasure attracts the soul by covering knowledge through these, mind, intelligence and senses only.
Chapter 3 Verse 41: Therefore, O descendent of Bharat, Arjun! You first of all controlling the senses definitely kill this destroyer of knowledge and science, the great sinner sex.
Chapter 3 Verse 42: Senses are said to be superior, powerful and suble compared to material body; mind is superior to these senses; however, intellect is superior to mind and that which is even more powerful than intellect is the soul accompanied by God.
Chapter 3 Verse 43: Thus, consiering God to be extremely superior to intellect and oneself abstemious by self-practice, O mighty-armed Arjun! You may kill this sex-like invincible enemy.