Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9
In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9, the most secret knowledge has been given knowing which a person becomes free from evil deeds. It further says that those who do worship according to the vedas attain heaven and great heaven but continue to remain in the cycle of birth and death.
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Analysis Chapter 9 | Bhagavad Gita
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Chapter 9 Verses | Bhagavad Gita
Chapter 9 Verse 1: To you, a bhakt who does not cavil, I will again properly impart this most secret knowledge along with experiential/special knowledge, knowing which you will become free from scripture-opposed evil deeds.
Chapter 9 Verse 2: This knowledge is the king of all knowledge, king of all secrets, extremely sacred, excellent and giver of visible results, endowed with scripture-based religion/righteousness, renders happiness on performance and is eternal.
Chapter 9 Verse 3: O Arjun! Persons lacking faith instead of attaining this above-mentioned bhakti-path of religion/righteousness keep revolving in the cycle of my, Brahm’s, world of death.
Chapter 9 Verse 4: By me and the invisible Supreme God who has a form, this whole world is expanded, is surrounded i.e. it has been created by the Supreme God only and in reality He only is the controller. And all the living beings who are under me, I am not situated in them. Because Kaal i.e. Jyoti Niranjan lives separately in his twenty-first brahmand and in every brahmand also lives secretly and separately in MahaBrahma, MahaVishnu and MahaShiv form.
Chapter 9 Verse 5: And all the living beings are not situated in me and also do not consider my soul as the originator of all the living beings. That Almighty Supreme God, who is the sustainer of all the living beings, is situated in the living beings with a power of inseparable relation.
Chapter 9 Verse 6: Just as the mighty wind wandering everywhere is always situated in the sky; similarly, all the living beings are properly situated. Understand this in this way.
Chapter 9 Verse 7: O Arjun! At the end of kalps (ages/yugas), all the living beings go into my Prakriti i.e. merge into Prakriti and at the beginning of kalps, I create them again.
Chapter 9 Verse 8: By accepting (having sexual intercourse with) my Prakriti i.e. keeping her in wife form, I repeatedly create this whole community of living beings according to their deeds who have been overpowered by their nature.
Chapter 9 Verse 9: O Arjun! Those actions do not bind me who is situated in those actions like the one unattached and indifferent.
Chapter 9 Verse 10: O Arjun! By accepting me as the Master, Prakriti gives birth to the whole world along with the animate and the inanimate. Because of this reason only, this wheel of world is revolving.
Chapter 9 Verse 11: Not knowing my prime character and the great Lord of all the living beings i.e. the Supreme God, foolish people consider me as insignificant who acquires a human body i.e. consider me to be in Krishna form.
Chapter 9 Verse 12: With futile hopes, futile actions and futile knowledge, the ignorant people with their minds distracted, only adopt the demoniac, monstrous and delusive nature.
Chapter 9 Verse 13: On the other hand, O son of Kunti! Mahatmas by adopting a divine nature i.e. that of a sage, knowing in essence the eternal cause of all the living beings, the immortal God, do my bhajan with undeviated mind.
Chapter 9 Verse 14: The devotees with firm determination, by constantly singing praises of my naam (mantra) and qualities and striving to attain me and repeatedly saluting me in reverence always worship me with faithful devotion.
Chapter 9 Verse 15: Others worship me, Brahm, as one / in an undivided form by yagya of knowledge and other men worship me, the God in Viraat form present in different forms, separately.
Chapter 9 Verse 16: I am the performer of yagya, I am the yagya, I am the offering, I am the medicinal herb, I am the mantra, I am the ghee, I am the fire and I only am the act of hawan.
Chapter 9 Verse 17: I only am the sustainer of this world of twenty-one brahmands, father, mother, grandfather, worthy of knowing the sacred Omkar and RigVed, SamVed and YajurVed etc three Vedas.
Chapter 9 Verse 18: I am the maintainer of the state, the master, the witness of good and bad, residence, worth taking refuge of, the well-wisher who does not wish for return of favour, cause of everyone’s origin and destruction, the basis of everyone’s state, reservoir and the eternal cause.
Chapter 9 Verse 19: I only blaze in the form of sun, withhold and send-forth the rain. O Arjun! I only am immortality and death and I am the cause of truth and lies.
Chapter 9 Verse 20: The pious souls who drink the nectar of bhakti according to the methods mentioned in the three Vedas, worshipping me as the deity through yagyas wish to attain heaven. Having attained the heaven of Indra as a result of the virtuous deeds, they enjoy the divine pleasures of gods in heaven.
Chapter 9 Verse 21: Having enjoyed that extensive heavenly world, upon exhaustion of the virtuous deeds, they again enter the mortal world. Thus, those who adhere to the act of bhakti mentioned in the three Vedas, with the desire of worldy enjoyments achieve repeated birth and death.
Chapter 9 Verse 22: Those exclusive loving devotees, who absorbed in my thought, worship that Supreme God without any desire, I only protect the sadhna of those men who are always engaged in sadhna.
Chapter 9 Verse 23: O Arjun! Even the devotees who worship other gods with faith, they also worship me only, but that worship of theirs is contrary to the rule i.e. against the scriptures.
Chapter 9 Verse 24: Because I only am the enjoyer and lord of all the yagyas, but they do not know me in essence and therefore they fall i.e. suffer in the bodies of 84 lakh types of life forms.
Chapter 9 Verse 25: Worshippers of gods go to gods, worshippers of pitras got to pitras, worshippers of ghosts go to ghosts; likewise, my devotees, who worship in accordance with the scriptures (mataanusaar), also attain me.
Chapter 9 Verse 26: Whichever devotee offers a leaf, flower, fruit and water etc to me with devotion, I eat that thing offered with devotion by that loving devotee.
Chapter 9 Verse 27: O Arjun! Whatever action you perform, whatever you eat, whatever hawan you do (whatever you offer in sacrifice/lighting lamp), whatever you give as charity, whatever austerity you practice, offer all that to me in accordance with the scriptures (mataanusaar).
Chapter 9 Verse 28: Thus, by performing mataanusaar sadhna (according to the injunctions of scriptures) the devotee who does sadhna by abandoning home or by practicing Hathyog, knowing the result of his well-being and misfortune, is saved from the sadhna contrary to the scriptures which is Hathyog in which one sits bound to one place. Becoming free from the bondage of such sadhna which is against scriptures i.e. by performing scripture-based sadhna, will obtain benefit from me alone i.e. will come to me only.
Chapter 9 Verse 29: I am present equally in all the living beings, neither is anyone my enemy, nor is dear, but those devotees who worship me by scripture-based way of worship, they are in me and I am also in them.
Chapter 9 Verse 30: Even if some most wicked person worships me with undeviated devotion, he is worthy of being considered a saint only because he has taken the right decision.
Chapter 9 Verse 31: The aforesaid devotee only has been mentioned in the following Verse that, that wicked person worships me i.e. on the basis of the path of bhakti – mat’ i.e. principle given by me, by studying the scriptures soon acquires the qualities of a saint, but by doing my worship that worshipper, on the basis of the cycle of birth-death based on deeds attains peace for a long time i.e. lives in Brahmlok for one kalp/age. Thereafter acquires the body of other living beings on the basis of deeds. In Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9 Verse 7 also there is this same evidence that at the end of a kalp/age all the living beings merge into Prakriti. I again create them at the beginning of a kalp/age. O son of Kunti! Even my devotee, who does not know this, again disappears i.e. instead of acquiring a human body obtains bodies of other creatures.
Chapter 9 Verse 32: Because O Paarth! Whoever become dependent on me, in sinful birth i.e. the most sinful prostitute woman and a Shudra (a person of a lower caste), they all also attain supreme salvation.
Chapter 9 Verse 33: God, the narrator of holy Gita, is saying that if even the sinful souls mentioned in the aforesaid Verse 32 can attain the supreme salvation then how difficult is it for virtuous devotees, Brahmins and royal sages. Taking birth in my, Brahm’s, this perishable, troublesome world worship that Complete/Supreme God because in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 8-10, 1 & 3 and 20-23, a detailed description has been given for the attainment of the Complete God, and in Gita Chapter 8 Verse 5-7 and 13, has mentioned about himself. Even here there is indicative message about that Complete/Supreme God, and in the following Verse 34 has mentioned about himself that if you have to stay in my refuge and have to keep bearing the hardships of birth-death, then -
Chapter 9 Verse 34: With a steadfast mind in me, be my scripture-based worshipper, mataanusaar i.e. a worshipper who worships according to my opinion. Bow to me. Thus only by resorting to me from soul, engaging in scripture-based worship, you will obtain the benefit from me.