Bhagavad Gita Chapter 6
IIn Bhagavad Gita Chapter 6, God Kaal (narrator of Bhagavad Gita) has given a description of the worship done by the devotees. He has also elaborated that any ‘hathyog’ (forced meditation) is useless and has also explained about the concept of ‘who is a yogi’.
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Chapter 6 Verse 1: A worshipper, who without depending upon the fruits of actions performs acts of bhakti worthy of being done according to the injunctions of the scriptures, he is a Sanyasi i.e. a person who has abandoned ways of worship opposite to the scriptures and is a yogi/ a bhakt. And one who is not free from desire and who shows off by sitting in one place in a special posture and abandons all activities is not a yogi.
Chapter 6 Verse 2: O Arjun! Know that yog of bhakti and knowledge which is called as Sanyas because anyone who does not give up desires is not a yogi.
Chapter 6 Verse 3: For a reflective worshipper who aspires to become firm in yog i.e. bhakti only the performance of acts of bhkti prescribed by the scriptures is said to be the cause i.e. the aim of bhakti. In reality, the absence of all desires only is said to be the cause for doing bhakti i.e. motive for that devotee engrossed in bhakti.
Chapter 6 Verse 4: When one neither becomes attracted to the pleasures of senses, nor to actions, in that state, a man who has renounced all desires, is actually said to be engrossed in bhakti with full determination.
Chapter 6 Verse 5: Keeping in mind the Tatvgyan of the Purna Parmatma, who lives with the soul in an inseparable form, one must lift one’s soul by doing scripture-based sadhna and not degrade oneself because the Supreme God bestows His choicest blessings upon a worshipper whose sadhna is in accordance with the scriptures. That Supreme God lives with the soul in an inseparable form. Therefore that soul-like God, in reality, is the soul’s friend. And a soul by abandoning the injunctions of the scriptures and behaving arbitrarily is actually one’s enemy.
Chapter 6 Verse 6: Only Supreme God is the friend of a soul who worships in accordance with the scriptures; as a result of which the power of the Supreme God works in a special manner with the soul of a scripture-based devotee. Like the tasks which are unachievable by human power can be accomplished with ease after getting an electricity connection. Similarly, a soul is victorious because of Supreme God i.e. all tasks are accomplished and one attains every happiness and attains the supreme salvation and he only also conquers mind and senses. But on the contrary, he who does not perform scripture-based sadhna, his soul does not enjoy the special support of the Supreme God; he only gets what is destined. Therefore, a soul who is deprived of the support of the Supreme God behaves like his own enemy. In reality, that devotee is like his own enemy i.e. he who abandons scripture-based sadhna and behaves arbitrarily i.e. performs arbitrary religious practices, neither attains happiness, nor are any of his tasks accomplished, and nor attains supreme salvation.
Chapter 6 Verse 7: It has been said in relation to the victorious soul described in the Verse 6 above that a victorious soul blessed by God, who by doing scripture-based sadhna is getting every happiness and accomplishment of tasks from God, that completely contented worshipper is fully dependent on the Supreme God, which means he has no expectations from anyone else. He even remains calm in cold and heat i.e. in joy and sorrow, and in honour and dishonour, considering it to be God’s wish.
Chapter 6 Verse 8: He, whose inner-self is contented with knowledge and science i.e. with the Tatvgyan (true spiritual knowledge), the state of whose soul is free from defects, whose senses have been adequately conquered with the help of God and for whom sand, stone, and gold are alike, that scripture-based worshipper has attained God. This last one is said to be doing the correct bhakti.
Chapter 6 Verse 9: He, who regards the well-wishers, friends, enemies, indifferent, arbitrators, the hateful, and relatives, religious souls and also sinners alike, is the superiormost.
Chapter 6 Verse 10: A devotee, free from expectation and possession, who has overpowered his body along with mind and senses, lives alone in a solitary place, and having established himself, should constantly engage his soul in God.
Chapter 6 Verse 11: In a sanctified place which is covered with kusha grass, deer-skin and cloth respectively, which is neither too high, nor too low, having established such a firm seat for oneself.
Chapter 6 Verse 12: After sitting on that seat, keeping the activities of the mind and senses under control, he should practice sadhna with one-pointed mind for the purification of the inner-self.
Chapter 6 Verse 13: Holding one’s body, head and neck straight and steady and keeping still, fixing one’s gaze on the tip of the nose, without looking in any other direction.
Chapter 6 Verse 14: Steadfast in the vow of celibacy, fearless and with adequately peaceful inner-self, by controlling the mind and with engrossed attention, one should become established in sadhna based on mataavlambi mat’ i.e by following the views Kaal is expressing.
Chapter 6 Verse 15: Thus a devotee, controlling the mind according to the Hathyog mentioned above by me and constantly engaging himself in the worship of God, relying on me alone on the basis of the preset principle that one obtains results based on what one does attains very peaceful i.e. nearly non-existent/nominal peace i.e. attains the nominal salvation obtained from me.
Chapter 6 Verse 16: The method of doing sadhna by sitting in a solitary place on a special seat mentioned in the aforesaid Verse 10 to 15 is the means of obtaining only my benefits; in reality, it is not good/superior. In Gita Chapter 7 Verse 18 he has described the benefit (salvation) given by him as bad/ inferior. Therefore O Arjun, contrary to this, the bhakti for attaining that Purna Parmatma is neither successful by sitting in a solitary place on a special seat or posture, nor of a person who eats too much, and nor of a person who does not eat at all i.e. keep fasts, nor of a person who sleeps too much, and nor of a person who forcefully keeps awake. Which means, the method mentioned in the aforesaid Verse 10 to 15 is useless.
Chapter 6 Verse 17: Bhakti which destroys all miseries is only successful of a person who eats according to the requirement; who endeavours suitably in actions according to the scriptures and who sleeps and wakes according to the requirement.
Chapter 6 Verse 18: When a perfectly disciplined mind in the scripture-based bhakti of one Supreme God, in reality, becomes firmly fixed in God only, at that time, it is said that free from all desires it is equipped with bhakti i.e. is engrossed in bhakti.
Chapter 6 Verse 19: Just as a lamp placed in a windless place does not flicker, same is the state of sumiran of the mind of a striving scripture-based devotee, engaged in the sadhna of the Purna Brahm i.e. of the Supreme God who lives in an inseparable form with the soul.
Chapter 6 Verse 20: When the mind, by practice of restraint yog, becomes based on the above-mentioned opinions and when a scripture-based devotee on seeing the Supreme God, who lives with the soul, everywhere by his soul, in reality remains contented in that Supreme God inseparable from the soul i.e. he does not sway.
Chapter 6 Verse 21: Beyond the realm of senses, the eternal bliss which is worthy of being acquired only by the purified subtle intellect, the state in which a person, striving to attain the Supreme God for complete salvation i.e. the never-ending happiness, perceives it. And in reality this Tatvgyani yogi established in this way, does not get deviated.
Chapter 6 Verse 22: The benefit after having obtained which a sadhak, who fixes his mind on only one God by scripture-based sadhna of only one Supreme God, does not consider any other benefit greater than that, and as a result of which a devotee steady on the path of true bhakti is not shaken even by the deepest sorrow.
Chapter 6 Verse 23: One should know the actual knowledge of the bhakti of the Supreme God unknown by the darkness of ignorance, which ends i.e. dispels the misery arising as a result of evil deeds. That bhakti should be done with not bored i.e. not withered mind with determination.
Chapter 6 Verse 24: In reality, entirely abandoning all the desires arising from vows and restraining the senses through mind from all directions.
Chapter 6 Verse 25: By gradually practicing and fixing i.e. establishing the mind in the Supreme God with patient intellect through the above-mentioned opinion i.e. knowledgeable thought one should not worry about anything.
Chapter 6 Verse 26: Wherever this unsteady and restless mind wanders, removing it from there, a scripture-based devotee, a soul blessed by the Purna Parmatma, with the support of his Supreme God only should control the mind.
Chapter 6 Verse 27: It is a sin to do sadhna abandoning the prescriptions of scriptures. Therefore certainly abandoning this sin, a scripture-based devotee, whose mind is adequately at peace in one Supreme God, who is free from sin, who does not desire for materialistic happiness, that methodical devotee, God’s hans/soul, attains the supreme happiness i.e. attains complete salvation.
Chapter 6 Verse 28: A sinfree devotee while constantly doing sadhna in this way with dedication experiences the never-ending happiness of the Supreme God in the form of easy union with the God i.e. becomes completely liberated.
Chapter 6 Verse 29: One whose soul is endowed with bhakti, who looks upon everyone with equality, he sees the Supreme God who is inseparable from the soul as situated in all the living beings and all the living beings like him i.e. just as he feels joys and sorrows so do they, with this viewpoint.
Chapter 6 Verse 30: He, who sees me everywhere and sees everyone in me, for him, I am not invisible and he is not invisible from me i.e. he is in my trap only within my sight. He does not have full knowledge.
Chapter 6 Verse 31: He who, being established in oneness, worships me who dwells in all the living beings, that yogi even at this time is practising/dwelling in me / (or dealing with me) only in all respects.
Chapter 6 Verse 32: O Arjun! A yogi, who by doing scripture-based sadhna becomes recipient of the grace of the Supreme God, because of exceptional grace of God on him, his soul becomes similar to God. Therefore he sees the Supreme God, who resides with the soul in an inseparable form, everywhere and equally in all the living beings, and also sees joy and sorrow equally in everyone. That yogi with scripture-based behaviour is superior.
Chapter 6 Verse 33: O Madhusoodan! This yog that you have said with equanimity, because of the mind being restless, I do not see its eternal state.
Chapter 6 Verse 34: Because O Shri Krishna! This mind is very restless, turbulent by nature, very stubborn and powerful; therefore, controlling it, I believe, is as difficult as controlling the wind.
Chapter 6 Verse 35: O mighty-armed! Undoubtedly, the mind is restless and very hard to control, but O son of Kunti, Arjun! It is controlled by practice and detachment.
Chapter 6 Verse 36: Bhakti is difficult to attain by a person whose mind is not under control i.e. who is not abstinent, but it is possible to attain through proper means by a striving person who performs scripture-based sadhna i.e. by not following arbitrary way of worship whose mind is under control. This is my opinion i.e. view.
Chapter 6 Verse 37: O Shri Krishna! He who has faith in yog but who is not abstinent, whose mind has become deviated from yog, failing to attain perfection in yog, what state does such a worshhipper yogi attain?
Chapter 6 Verse 38: O mighty-armed! Does that fool deviated from the path for attaining the Supreme God; one who performs sadhna abandoning the injunctions of the scriptures does not get the support of God; such a person, devoid of support, fallen from both sides, not perish like a riven cloud?
Chapter 6 Verse 39: O Shri Krishna! Only you are worthy of completely dispelling this doubt of mine because it is not possible to find anyone else other than you who can dispel this doubt.
Chapter 6 Verse 40: O Paarth! In reality, neither does a sadhak, who has deviated from the path, remain of this world, nor of that world. Only his destruction is known. Undoubtedly any person who does not act within bound unto last breath for self-welfare i.e. who deviates from yog, O dear, he is destined to unfortunate circumstances/ suffers disaster. Its evidence is also given in Gita Gita Chapter 4 Verse 40.
Chapter 6 Verse 41: A person who has strayed from bhakti after experiencing the sufferings of 84 lakh births, on the basis of virtuous deeds goes to the worlds of the virtuous i.e. to loks like heaven etc and after residing there for a fixed period based on speech of Vedas then takes birth in the home of righteous and eminent people. In the following Verse 42, it is said that such a birth is rare.
Chapter 6 Verse 42: Or takes birth in the family of learned yogis. In reality, this kind of birth that it is, is undoubtedly very rare in the world.
Chapter 6 Verse 43: If there he spontaneously regains the destined intellect accumulated in the previous life/birth, and O Kurunandan! After that again strives to attain the spiritual success of attaining God.
Chapter 6 Verse 44: That worshipper deviated from the path, helpless by nature, in reality, is attracted by that previous practice only because a person inquisitive of the bhakti of God also by not worshipping according to the method of bhakti of God mentioned in the holy scriptures, distracted due to the previous nature, by not doing the jaap of that real naam, violates the speech-like order of God. Because out of previous nature he again becomes deviated. Therefore in Gita Chapter 7 Verse 16-17 an inquisitive person has not been said to be good. Only a knowledgeable devotee who does bhakti of one God is said to be the best. It is also evident in Gita Chapter 18 Verse 58.
Chapter 6 Verse 45: On the contrary, a scripture-based devotee who has the support of the Supreme God, that abstinent i.e. striving person who has overpowered his mind, by the effort of true bhakti and by the bhakti earnings of many births, becoming sinless immediately attains supreme salvation in that very birth.
Chapter 6 Verse 46: God is saying that after gaining knowledge from a Tatvdarshi Saint, a devotee who does sadhna of naam is superior to those ascetics who do sadhna by forceful act of bhakti i.e. by Hathyog mentioned in Verse 10 to 15 according to the knowledge of the way of worship i.e. conjectural opinion on sadhna given by me, and to the learneds mentioned in Gita Gita Chapter 7 Verse 16-17 and to those who perform action i.e. who do sadhna opposite to the scriptures. Therefore O Arjun, after finding the Tatvdarshi saint stated in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 4 Verse 34, and taking spiritual instruction from him, become a scripture-based devotee.
Chapter 6 Verse 47: Amongst all the yogis also a faithful devotee who worships me from inner soul according to the opinion given by me, that yogi according to my opinion is engrossed in bhakti in true way.